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The Harmonistic Syllabus of the Gospels


A.  Narrations Recorded in the Gospel of Mark Only:
1. Jesus withdrew himself to the sea (3:7-12).
2. The relatives of Jesus said He was out of his mind (3:20-21).
3. Jesus came apart into a desert place with His disciples and rested a little (6:31-32).
4. The young man with a linen cloth cast about his body fled naked (14:51-52).
5. The Lord still works with His disciples after His ascension (16:20).
B.  The Harmonistic Syllabus of the Gospels:
1. The works and testimony of John the Baptist (1:1-8; Matt 3:1-2; Luke 3:1-18; John 1:6-8, 15).
2. Jesus was baptized (1:9-11; Matt.3:13-17; Luke 3:21-22).
3. Jesus was tempted by the devil (1:12-13; Matt 4:1-11; Luke 4:1-13).
4. Jesus came into Galilee preaching the glad tidings (1:14-15; Matt 4:12-17; Luke 4:14-15, 31).
5. Jesus called His disciples like Peter and others (1:16-20; Matt 4:18-22; Luke 5:1-11).
6. Men were astonished at His doctrine (1:21-22; Matt 7:28-29; Luke 4:32).
7. Jesus went around the whole of Galilee to preach the glad tidings (1:35-39; Matt 4:23-25; Luke 4:42-44).
8. Jesus called Matthew and eat also together with sinners (2:13-17; Matt 9:9-13; Luke 5:27-32).
9. The disciples plucked the ears on the Sabbath (2:23-24; Matt 12:1-2; Luke 6:1-2).
10. Jesus appointed twelve disciples (3:13-19; Matt 10:2-4; Luke 6:12-16).
11. The Pharisees who slandered Jesus were rebuked (3:22-27; Matt 12:24-30; Luke 11:15-23).
12. The mother of Jesus and His brother stood without and sought to talk with Him (3:31-32; Matt 12:46-47; Luke 8:19-20).
13. Men in the own country of Jesus were offended in Him (6:1-5; Matt 13:53-58).
14. Jesus went round all the cities and the villages (6:6; Matt 13:53-58)
15. Jesus sent His disciples to go out to work (6:7, 12-13; Matt 10:1-4; 11:1; Luke 9:1-2, 7-9).
16. John the Baptist was killed by Herod (6:14-29; Matt 14:1-12; Luke 9:7-9).
17. The disciples came back to report the works to the Lord (6:30; Luke 9:10).
18. Jesus refused to show them a sign (8:11-13; Matt 16:1-4).
19. Peter admitted that Jesus is Christ (8:27-30; Matt 16:13-16).
20. Jesus pointed that John the Baptist was Elijah who would come (9:9-13; Matt 17:9-13).
21. The disciples disputed that who would be greatest (9:33-37; Matt 18:1-4; Luke 9:46-48).
22. Jesus taught men by the other side of the Jordan (10:1; Matt 19:1).
23. Jesus blessed the children by putting his hands upon them (10:13-16; Matt 19:13-15; Luke 18:15-17).
24. The disciples disputed again that who would be greatest (10:35-41; Matt 20:20-24).
25. Jesus went into Jerusalem by riding a colt (11:1-10; Matt 21:1-10, 14-16; Luke 19:29-40; John 12:12-19).
26. Jesus went out to Bethany to dwell there (11:11; Matt 21:17).
27. Jesus cleansed the Holy Temple (11:15-17; Matt 21:12-13; Luke 19:45-46; John 2:14-17).
28. The chief priest and the elders questioned Jesus by what authority He did those things (11:27-33; Matt 21:23-27; Luke 20:1-8).
29. Jesus praised the poor widow who devoted two mites (12:41-44; Luke 21:1-4).
30. The council took counsel together in order to seize Jesus (14:1-2; Matt 26:3-5; Luke 22:1-2).
31. A woman poured the ointment on Jesus (14:3-9; Matt 26:6-13; Luke. 7:36-50; John. 12:1-8).
32. Judas betrayed Jesus (14:10-11; Matt 26:14-16; Luke22:3-6).
33. The feast of the Passover was prepared (14:12-16; Matt. 26:17-19; Luke. 22:7-13).
34. They ate the feast of the Passover (14:17-21; Matt. 26:20-25; Luke. 22:14-16, 21-23; John. 13:2, 21-30).
35. The Lord’s Supper was set (14:22-25; Matt. 26:26-29; Luke. 22:19-20).
36. They went out into the Mount of Olives (14:26; Matt. 26:30; Luke. 22:39).
37. He prayed three times in the garden of Gethsemane (14:32-42; Matt.26:36-46; Luke. 22:40-46). 
38. Judas led a great multitude to take Jesus (14:43-52; Matt. 26:47-56; Luke. 22:47-53; John. 18:1-12).
39. The council judged Jesus at night (14:53-65; Matt.26:57-68; Luke. 22:66-71; John. 18:13-14, 19-24).
40. Peter denied the Lord three times (14:66-72; Matt. 26:69-75; Luke. 22:54-62; John. 18:15-18, 25-27).
41. The council delivered Jesus to Pontius Pilate (15:1; Matt. 27:1-2; Luke. 23:1-2; John. 18:28-32).
42. Pilate delivered Jesus to be crucified after he had judged Him (15:2-25; Matt. 27:11-26; Luke. 23:3-5, 13-25; John. 18:33-40; 19:4-16).
43. Soldiers mocked Jesus (15:16-20; Matt. 27:27-31; John. 19:1-3).
44. Simon, a man of Cyrene, was compelled to bear His cross (15:21; Matt. 27:32; Luke. 23:26).
45. Jesus was crucified (15:22-36; Matt. 27:33-49; Luke. 23:33-38; John. 19:17-24, 28-29).
46. The scene of His death (15:37-39; Matt. 27:50-54; Luke. 23:44-48; John. 19:30).
47. Women who were beholding under the cross (15:40-41; Matt. 27:55-56; Luke. 23:49; John. 19:25).
48. He was buried in the tomb of a rich man (15:42-47; Matt. 27:57-61; Luke. 23:50-56; John. 19:38-42).
49. The angel appeared and declared that Jesus rose from the dead (16:1-8; Matt. 28:1-8; Luke. 24:1-10).
50. Jesus appeared to Mary of Magdalene (16:9; Matt. 28:9-10; John. 20:14-18).
51. Jesus manifested to the two disciples on the way to Emmaus (16:12-13; Luke 14:13-35).
52. The charge of Jesus to the disciples in the end of His days on the earth (16:15-18; Matt. 28:18-20).
53. Jesus was carried up into heaven (16:19; Luke 24:51).
Signs that Jesus Had Done
A.  Signs Recorded in the Gospel of Mark:
1. Heal a deaf who could not speak right by the side of the sea of Galilee (7:31-37);
2. Heal the blind man in Bethsaida (8:22-26);
B.  The Harmonistic Syllabus of the Gospels:
1. He healed the man by an unclean spirit in the synagogue (1:23-28 Luke 4:33-37).
2. He healed Peter’s mother-in-law with the fever (1:29-31; Matt. 8:14-15; Luke. 4:38-39).
3. He cast out demons and healed all that were sick (1:32-34; Matt. 8:16-17; Luke. 4:40-41).
4. He cleansed the leper (1:40-45; Matt. 8:1-4; Luke. 5:12-16).
5. He healed the paralytic in His own city (2:1-12; Matt. 9:1-8; Luke. 5:17-26).
6. He healed the man who had his hand withered on the Sabbath (3:1-6; Matt. 12:9-14; Luke. 6:6-11).
7.  He calmed the winds and the sea (4:35-41; Matt. 8:23-27; Luke. 8:22-25).
8.  He cast out the demons into the herd of swine (5:1-20; Matt. 8:28-34; Luke. 8:26-39).
9.  He healed the woman who was diseased with an issue of blood and the daughter of the ruler (5:21-43; Matt. 9:18-26; Luke. 8:40-56).
10. He filled five thousand men with five loaves and two fishes (6:32-44; Matt. 14:13-21; Luke. 9:10-17; John. 6:1-13).
11. He walked on the sea (6:45-52; Matt. 14:22-23; John. 6:6-21).
12. He healed all that were diseased in the land of Gennesaret (6:53-56; Matt. 14:34-36).
13. He healed the daughter of the woman of Canaan (7:24-30; Matt. 15:21-28).
14. He filled four thousand with seven loaves and a few fishes (8:1-10; Matt. 15:32-39).
15. He was transfigured on the mount (9:2-8; Matt. 17:1-8; Luke. 9:28-36).
16. He healed the child who was lunatic and sore vexed (9:14-29; Matt. 17:14-21; Luke. 9:38-42).
17. He healed the blind men outside of the city of Jericho (10:46-52; Matt. 20:29-34; Luke. 18:35-43).
18. He cursed the fig tree and it was immediately dried up (11:12-14, 20-21Matt. 21:18-20).
Teachings of Jesus
A.  Teachings Recorded in the Gospel of Mark Only:
1. (None);
B.  The Harmonistic Syllabus of the Gospels:
1. That the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath day (2:25-28; Matt. 12:3-8; Luke. 6:3-5).
2. Concerning that the blasphemy against the Spirit will never be forgiven men (3:28-30; Matt. 12:31-32).
3. That those who do the will of God are family members of the Lord (3:33-35; Matt. 12:48-50; Luke. 8:21).
4. That the reason why He spoke to the masses with parables (4:10-12, 33-34; Matt. 13:10-16, 34-35; Luke. 8:9-10).
5. That with what measure one metes, it shall be measured to him (4:24; Matt. 7:2; Luke 6:38).
6. That whoever has, to him shall be given; but he who has not, even what he has shall be taken away (4:25; Matt. 13:12; Luke 8:18).
7. That how workers do works outside (6:8-11; Matt. 10:5-42; Luke 9:3-5).
8.  That He rebuked the Pharisees for making the commandment of God of no effect by their tradition (7:1-23; Matt. 15:1-20). 
9.  Concerning taking heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and the Sadducees (8:14-21; Matt. 16:5-12).
10. Concerning taking up one’s cross and to following the Lord (8:34-37; Matt. 16:24-27; Luke. 9:23-25).
11. That he who is not against us is for us (9:38-41; Luke 9:49-50).
12. That one should not offend believers (9:42-49; Matt. 18:6-11).
13. That one should not put away his wife (10:2-12; Matt. 19:3-9).
14. Concerning the way of having eternal life (10:17-22; Matt. 19:16-22; Luke. 18:18-23).
15. That those who are greedy for money shall hardly enter into the kingdom of heaven (10:23-27; Matt. 19:23-27; Luke. 18:24-27).
16. Concerning the reward of following the Lord (10:28-31; Matt. 19:28-30; Luke. 18:28-30).
17. That who would be the greatest should be bondman of all (10:42-45; Matt. 20:25-28).
18. Concerning prayer with faith (11:22-24; Matt. 21:21-22).
19. That man’s forgiveness is a condition for his prayer’s being granted (11:25-26; Matt. 6:14-15).
20. Concerning the tribute (12:13-17; Matt. 22:15-22; Luke. 20:20-26).
21. Concerning the resurrection (12:18-27; Matt. 22:23-33; Luke. 20:27-38).
22. Concerning the great commandment (12:28-34; Matt. 22:34-40; Luke. 10:25-28).
23. Concerning the relation between Christ and David (12:35-37; Matt. 22:41-46; Luke. 20:41-44).
24. That we should not follow the behaviors of the Pharisees (12:38-40; Matt. 23:1-12; Luke. 20:45-47).
25. Concerning the day of the second coming of the Son of Man (13:31-37; Matt. 24:36-44; Luke. 21:34-36).
Prophecies Spoken by Jesus
A.  Prophecies Recorded in the Gospel of Mark Only:
1. (None);
B.  The Harmonistic Syllabus of the Gospels:
1.  He predicted the first time that He would suffer many things and reproached Peter’s blocking Him from it (8:31-33; Matt. 16:21-23; Luke. 9:22).
2.  He predicted that the Son of Man would come and men would foresee the scene of the kingdom (8:38-9:1; Matt. 16:27-28; Luke. 9:26-27).
3.  He predicted the second time that He would be crucified (9:30-32; Matt. 17:22-23; Luke. 9:43-44).
4.  He predicted the third time that He would be crucified and then He would rise (10:32-34; Matt. 20:17-19; Luke. 18:31-34).
5.  He predicted that the Holy Temple would be destroyed (13:1-2; Matt. 24:1-2; Luke. 21:5-6).
6.  He predicted the signs before the end (13:3-13; Matt. 24:3-14; Luke. 21:7-19).
7.  He predicted the conditions of the Great Tribulation (13:14-23; Matt. 24:15-26; Luke. 21:20-24).
8.  He predicted the conditions of Christ’s second coming (13:24-27; Matt. 24:27-31; Luke. 21:25-28).
9. He predicted that Peter would deny Him three times (14:27-31; Matt. 26:31-35; Luke. 22:31-34; John. 13:36-38).

Parables Said by Jesus

A.   Parables Recorded in the Gospel of Mark Only:

1. The Parable of the growth and being fruitful of the seed (4:26-29);
B.  The Harmonistic Syllabus of the Gospels:

1.   The parable of the new and the old that cannot be put together (2:18-22; Matt. 9:14-17; Luke. 5:33-39);

2.   The parable that one should first bind the strong and spoil his goods (3:23-27; Matt. 12:25-30; Luke. 11:17-23);

3.   The parable and explanation of the sewer (4:1-9, 13-20; Matt. 13:1-9. 17-23; Luke. 8:4-8, 11-15);

4.   The parable that the lamp should be set upon the lamp-stand (4:21-23; Luke 8:16-18);

5.   The parable of the mustard seed (4:30-32; Matt. 13:31-32; Luke. 13:18-19);

6.   The parable of the salt that loses its saltiness (9:50; Matt. 5:13; Luke 14:34);

7.   The parable of the wicked vinedressers (12:1-12; Matt. 21:33-46; Luke. 20:9-19);

8.   The parable of the fig tree whose branch is yet tender and which puts forth leaves (13:28-31; Matt. 24:32-35; Luke. 21:29-33);

The Process From the Lord’s Eating the Feast of the Passover with His Disciples to His Being Denied by Peter
A.  The Lord sat with the disciples (14:16).
B.  The disciples disputed who would be the greatest (Luke 22:24-30).
C.  The Lord set Himself as an example to the disciples by washing feet for them (John 13:4-17).
D.  The Lord suggested them Judas would betray Him (14:18).
E.  Judas left the dinner and went out (John 13:30).
F.  The Lord appointed the supper (14:22-25).
G.  The Lord’s words in the dinner (Luke 22:35-38; John 13:31-38; 14).
H.  The Lord’s words on the way to the Garden of Gethsemane (14:26-31; Matt. 26:31-35; John 15-16).
I.    The Lord’s prayer as the high priest (John 17).
J.   The watchful prayer in the garden (14:32-42).
K.  Jesus was betrayed (14:43-52).
L.   The Lord was first sent to the high priest Annas to be judged (14:53; John 18:12-13, 19-23).
M. Peter denied the Lord the first time (14:66-68; John 18:15-18).
N.  The Lord was then sent to the high priest Caiaphas to be judged (14:55-56; John 18:24).
O.  Peter denied the Lord the second and third time (14:69-72; John 18:25-27).
The Process From the Lord’s Being Condemned to Death by the Council to His Being Crucified
A.  The council officially condemned the Lord to death straightway in the morning (15:1a; Luke 22:66-71).
B.  The Lord was delivered to Pilate (15:1b-5).
C.  Pilate delivered the Lord to Herod (Luke 23:6-12).
D.  Herod delivered the Lord to Pilate again (Luke 23:11-12).
E.  The people begged Pilate to release to them Barabbas and crucified the Lord (15:6-15).
F.  The Lord wore the crown of thorns and was mocked by the soldiers (15:16-20; Matt. 27:26-30).
G.  Judas who betrayed the Lord hanged himself (Matt. 27:3-10).
H.  The Lord took the cross to Golgotha and the father of Rufus also bore His cross for Him (15:21-22; John 19:17).
I.    The Lord spoke to the women before being crucified (Luke 23:27-31).
J.   The Lord refused to drink the wine medicated with myrrh (15:23).
K.  The Lord was crucified (15:24).
The Process From the Lord’s Crucifixion to His Breathing His Last
A.  The Lord first was crucified between two robbers (15:24-28).
B.  The words of the Lord Jesus on the cross: “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they do” (Luke 23:34).
C.  The soldiers parted his garments (15:24).
D.  The chief priests, the scribes and the Jews mocked the Lord (15:29-32).
E.  A robber was repented and saved (Luke 23:39-43).
F.  The second words of the Lord Jesus on the cross: “Today shalt thou be with me in paradise” (Luke 23:43).
G.  The third words of the Lord Jesus on the cross: “Woman, behold thy son…behold your mother” (John 19:26-27).
H.  The fourth words of the Lord Jesus on the cross: “My God, my God, why has you forsaken me?” (15:34-36).
I.    The fifth words of the Lord Jesus on the cross: “I thirst” (John 19:28).
J.   The sixth words of the Lord Jesus on the cross: “It is finished” (John 19:30).
K.  The seventh words of the Lord Jesus on the cross: “Father, into thy hands I commit my spirit” (Luke 23:46).
L.   The Lord breathed His last (15:37).
The Process From the Lord’s Breathing His Last to His Resurrection
A.  The Lord cried out with a loud voice, and breathed His last (15:37).
B.  The veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. The earth quaked, and the rocks rent and many bodies of the saints fallen asleep arose (15:38; Matt. 27:51-52).
C.  When the centurion, who stood opposite Him, saw that He cried out like this and breathed His last, he said, "Truly this Man was the Son of God!" (15:39; Matt. 27:54).
D.  There were also women who followed the Lord looking on the Lord’s breathing the last from afar (15:40-41).
E.  The soldiers came and broke the legs of the robbers who had been crucified with him. However, when they saw that he was already dead, they only pierced his side with a spear, and immediately there came out blood and water (John 19:31-37).
F.  Joseph of Arimathea went in to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus (15:42-43).
G.  Pilate confirmed that the Lord was already dead and then granted the body to Joseph (15:44-45).
H.  Nicodemus brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pound weight (John 19:39).
I.    Joseph wrapped the Lord in the linen. And he laid Him in a tomb which had been hewn out of the rock (15:46; John 19:40-41).
J.   The women who followed the Lord observed where He was laid (15:47).
K.  On the following day, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate to ask him to secure the tomb, and Pilate sent soldiers to guard the tomb (Matt. 27:62-66).
The Process of the Lord’s Resurrection On the Morning of the Week
A.  Three women, like Mary Magdalene and other two, wanted to anoint the body of Jesus (16:1-3).
B.  There was a great earthquake on the way, for an angel of Lord, descending out of heaven, came and rolled away the stone from the door of the tomb (Matt. 28:2).
C.  For fear of the angel the guards trembled and became as dead men (Matt. 28:3-4).
D.  The three women and others women afterwards came to the tomb (Luke 24:1, 10).
E.  They saw that the stone had been rolled away, but did not see the body of the Lord (16:4; Luke 24:2-3).
F.  Mary of Magdalene ran to tell Peter and John (John 20:2).
G.  Other women who left in the tomb met the angel who declared them the message of resurrection (16:5-7).
H.  Those women went out quickly and fled from the tomb (16:8).
I.    When Peter and John heard what was told by Mary, they ran to the tomb and saw the linen cloths and the napkin that was about his head (John 20:3-10).
J.   Mary of Magdalene stood at the tomb weeping without, and saw two angels in the tomb (John 20:11-13).
K.  The Lord manifested Him to Mary of Magdalene first (16:9; John 20:14-17).
L.   Mary of Magdalene went to tell the disciples of the Lord (16:10).
M. The women who fled met the Lord again on their way (Matt. 8-10). 
The Order of the Lord’s Manifestations After His Resurrection
A.  He manifested Himself to Mary of Magdalene first (16:9).
B.  And then He manifested to other women (Matt. 28:8-10).
C.  He manifested to Simon Peter (Luke 24:34; 1Cor. 15:5).
D.  He manifested to the two disciples who went to (16:12; Luke 24:13-31).
E.  He manifested to the disciples except for Thomas and breathed on them (John 20:19-23).
F.  Eight days later, He manifested to the disciples including Thomas and specially told him to touch His hands that had been nailed and His side that had been thrust (John 20:26-29).
G.  He manifested to the seven disciples who went to fishing at the sea of Tiberias (John 21:1-23).
H.  He manifested to the eleven disciples on the mountain in Galilee that Jesus had appointed them (Matt. 28:16-20).
I.    He manifested to above five hundred brothers at once (1Cor. 15:6).
J.   He manifested to the brother of the Lord, James (1Cor. 15:7a).
K.  He manifested to all the apostles on the Mount of Olives before His ascension (Luke 24:50-53; Acts. 1:4-11; 1Cor. 15:7b).
L.   He manifested to Stephen after His ascension (Acts. 7:55).
M. He manifested to the Apostle Paul on the way to Damascus (Acts. 9:1-9; 1Cor. 15:8).
N.  He manifested to the Apostle John in the island of called Patmos (Rev. 1:9-20).
Note: the Lord’s manifestations are more than that are listed above, and yet they are not clearly recorded in the Bible (see Acts 1:3).


── Caleb HuangChristian Digest Bible Commentary Series

   Translated by Mary Zhou