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Acts Chapter Sixteen


Acts 16

There is perhaps no example of this more remarkable than that which Paul does with regard to Timothy. He uses circumcision in all liberty to set aside Jewish prejudice. It is very doubtful whether, according to the law, he ought to have been circumcised. Ezra and Nehemiah shew us the strange wives sent away; but here, the mother being a Jewess, Paul causes the child of this mixed marriage to follow the rule of the Jews and submit to that rite. Liberty fully recognises the law in its place, although itself exempt from it, and distinctly states, for the assurance of the Gentiles, the absence of all pretension, on the part of the Judaean Christians, to impose the law upon Gentiles. Paul circumcises Timothy, and does not give subjection for an hour to those who would have compelled Titus to be circumcised. He would become a Jew to the Jews from love; but the Jews themselves must renounce all pretension to impose the law on others. The decrees given at Jerusalem are left with the churches-a plain answer to every Jew who desired to subject the Gentiles to Judaism. The decrees, we may remark, were those of the apostles and the elders.

It is the Holy Ghost alone who directs the apostle. He forbids him to preach in Asia (the province), and will not suffer him to go into Bithynia. By a vision in the night they are called to go into Macedonia. Here the historian meets them. It is the Lord who calls them into Macedonia. It is well to note here that, while the gospel is sent under Paul's ministry to the whole creation under heaven, yet there is specific direction as to where we are to go.

Here the apostle goes first to the Jews, even when it was only a few women who came together by the river side-a place, as it appears, usually chosen where there was no synagogue. A Greek woman, who worshipped the God of Israel, is converted by grace. Thus the door is opened, and others also believe (v. 40). Here Satan tries to tamper with the work by bearing a testimony to the ministers of the word. Not that this spirit acknowledged Jesus-he would not then have been an evil spirit, he would not have thus possessed the damsel. He speaks of the agents, in order to have a share of the glory, and of the most high God-compelled perhaps by the presence of the Spirit to speak, as had been the case with others by the presence of Jesus, when His power was before their eyes. The testimony of Satan could not go so far as to own Him Lord; and if Paul had not been faithful, it would have mixed up the work of the enemy with that of the Lord. But it was not a testimony to Paul that Paul sought, nor a testimony rendered by an evil spirit, whatever might be the appearance of its testimony. The proof which the evil spirit had to give that the power of God was present, was to submit to it by being driven away. It could not be a support to the work of God. We see in this circumstance the disinterestedness of the apostle, his spiritual discernment, the power of God with him, and the faith which will have no other support than that of God. It would have been useful to have a testimony rendered to his ministry: the reasonings of the flesh might have said, 'I did not seek it.' Persecution would have been avoided. But God will have no other testimony than that which He bears to Himself. No other can be a testimony from Him, for He reveals Himself where He is not known; faith waits only on Him to render it. Paul went on without troubling himself about this malicious attempt of the enemy's, and possibly in wisdom avoiding conflict where there was no fruit for the Lord, until by its persistency the apostle was forced to attend to it. The Spirit of God does not tolerate the presence of an evil spirit when it makes itself actively manifest before Him. He does not lend Himself to its devices by giving it importance through a voluntary interposition; for He has His own work, and He does not turn away from it to occupy Himself about the enemy. He is occupied, in love, about souls. But if Satan comes in His way, so as to perplex these souls, the Spirit reveals Himself in His energy, and the enemy flees before Him.

But Satan is not without resources. The power which he cannot exercise in a direct way, he employs in exciting the passions and lusts of men in opposition to that power against which he cannot himself stand, and which will neither unite itself to him nor recognise him. Even as the Gadarenes desired Jesus to depart, when He had healed Legion, so the Philippians rise up tumultuously against Paul and his companions at the instigation of the men who had lost their dishonest gains. But God makes use of all this to direct the progress of His own work, and give it the form He pleases. There is the gaoler to be converted, and the magistrates themselves are to confess their wrong with respect to the messengers of God. The assembly is gathered out, a flock (as the epistle addressed to them bears witness) full of love and affection. The apostle goes to labour elsewhere. We see a more active, a more energetic, testimony here than in the similar case that happened to Peter. The intervention of God is more striking in Peter's case. It is the old Jerusalem, worn out in everything except hatred, and God faithful to the one who trusted in Him. The hatred is disappointed. Paul and Silas sing, instead of quietly sleeping; the doors burst suddenly open; and the gaoler himself is converted, and his family. The magistrates are obliged to come as supplicants to Paul. Such is the result of the tumult. The enemy was mistaken here. If he stopped their work at Philippi, he sent the apostles to preach elsewhere according to the will of God.

We must not pass over in silence this energy which embraced whole houses, and subdued them to the christian faith. We only see it, however, when it is a question of bringing in the Gentiles. [1] But Cornelius, Lydia, the gaoler of Philippi, are all witnesses to this power.


[1] We see however, in the case of Lydda and Saron, what is more analogous to the introduction of a people. They heard of the miracle done to Aeneas; and the town and neighbourhood turned to the Lord. Saron is a district along the coast.

── John DarbySynopsis of Acts


Acts 16

Chapter Contents

Paul takes Timothy to be his assistant. (1-5) Paul proceeds to Macedonia, The conversion of Lydia. (6-15) An evil spirit cast out, Paul and Silas scourged and imprisoned. (16-24) The conversion of the jailer at Philippi. (25-34) Paul and Silas released. (35-40)

Commentary on Acts 16:1-5

(Read Acts 16:1-5)

Well may the church look for much service from youthful ministers who set out in the same spirit as Timothy. But when men will submit in nothing, and oblige in nothing, the first elements of the Christian temper seem to be wanting; and there is great reason to believe that the doctrines and precepts of the gospel will not be successfully taught. The design of the decree being to set aside the ceremonial law, and its carnal ordinances, believers were confirmed in the Christian faith, because it set up a spiritual way of serving God, as suited to the nature both of God and man. Thus the church increased in numbers daily.

Commentary on Acts 16:6-15

(Read Acts 16:6-15)

The removals of ministers, and the dispensing the means of grace by them, are in particular under Divine conduct and direction. We must follow Providence: and whatever we seek to do, if that suffer us not, we ought to submit and believe to be for the best. People greatly need help for their souls, it is their duty to look out for it, and to invite those among them who can help them. And God's calls must be complied with readily. A solemn assembly the worshippers of God must have, if possible, upon the sabbath day. If we have not synagogues, we must be thankful for more private places, and resort to them; not forsaking the assembling together, as our opportunities are. Among the hearers of Paul was a woman, named Lydia. She had an honest calling, which the historian notices to her praise. Yet though she had a calling to mind, she found time to improve advantages for her soul. It will not excuse us from religious duties, to say, We have a trade to mind; for have not we also a God to serve, and souls to look after? Religion does not call us from our business in the world, but directs us in it. Pride, prejudice, and sin shut out the truths of God, till his grace makes way for them into the understanding and affections; and the Lord alone can open the heart to receive and believe his word. We must believe in Jesus Christ; there is no coming to God as a Father, but by the Son as Mediator.

Commentary on Acts 16:16-24

(Read Acts 16:16-24)

Satan, though the father of lies, will declare the most important truths, when he can thereby serve his purposes. But much mischief is done to the real servants of Christ, by unholy and false preachers of the gospel, who are confounded with them by careless observers. Those who do good by drawing men from sin, may expect to be reviled as troublers of the city. While they teach men to fear God, to believe in Christ, to forsake sin, and to live godly lives, they will be accused of teaching bad customs.

Commentary on Acts 16:25-34

(Read Acts 16:25-34)

The consolations of God to his suffering servants are neither few nor small. How much more happy are true Christians than their prosperous enemies! As in the dark, so out of the depths, we may cry unto God. No place, no time is amiss for prayer, if the heart be lifted up to God. No trouble, however grievous, should hinder us from praise. Christianity proves itself to be of God, in that it obliges us to be just to our own lives. Paul cried aloud to make the jailer hear, and to make him heed, saying, Do thyself no harm. All the cautions of the word of God against sin, and all appearances of it, and approaches to it, have this tendency. Man, woman, do not ruin thyself; hurt not thyself, and then none else can hurt thee; do not sin, for nothing but that can hurt thee. Even as to the body, we are cautioned against the sins which do harm to that. Converting grace changes people's language of and to good people and good ministers. How serious the jailer's inquiry! His salvation becomes his great concern; that lies nearest his heart, which before was furthest from his thoughts. It is his own precious soul that he is concerned about. Those who are thoroughly convinced of sin, and truly concerned about their salvation, will give themselves up to Christ. Here is the sum of the whole gospel, the covenant of grace in a few words; Believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house. The Lord so blessed the word, that the jailer was at once softened and humbled. He treated them with kindness and compassion, and, professing faith in Christ, was baptized in that name, with his family. The Spirit of grace worked such a strong faith in them, as did away further doubt; and Paul and Silas knew by the Spirit, that a work of God was wrought in them. When sinners are thus converted, they will love and honour those whom they before despised and hated, and will seek to lessen the suffering they before desired to increase. When the fruits of faith begin to appear, terrors will be followed by confidence and joy in God.

Commentary on Acts 16:35-40

(Read Acts 16:35-40)

Paul, though willing to suffer for the cause of Christ, and without any desire to avenge himself, did not choose to depart under the charge of having deserved wrongful punishment, and therefore required to be dismissed in an honourable manner. It was not a mere point of honour that the apostle stood upon, but justice, and not to himself so much as to his cause. And when proper apology is made, Christians should never express personal anger, nor insist too strictly upon personal amends. The Lord will make them more than conquerors in every conflict; instead of being cast down by their sufferings, they will become comforters of their brethren.

── Matthew HenryConcise Commentary on Acts


Acts 16

Verse 6

[6] Now when they had gone throughout Phrygia and the region of Galatia, and were forbidden of the Holy Ghost to preach the word in Asia,

And having gone through Phrygia — And spoken there what was sufficient, as well as in the region of Galatia, being forbid by the Spirit (probably by an inward dictate) to speak as yet in the proconsular Asia, the time for it not being come.

Verse 7

[7] After they were come to Mysia, they assayed to go into Bithynia: but the Spirit suffered them not.

Coming to Mysia, and passing it by, as being a part of Asia, they attempted to go into Bithynia; but the Spirit suffered them not - Forbidding them as before. Sometimes a strong impression, for which we are not able to give any account, is not altogether to be despised.

Verse 9

[9] And a vision appeared to Paul in the night; There stood a man of Macedonia, and prayed him, saying, Come over into Macedonia, and help us.

A vision appeared to Paul by night — It was not a dream, though it was by night. No other dream is mentioned in the New Testament than that of Joseph and of Pilate's wife.

A man of Macedonia — Probably an angel clothed in the Macedonian habit, or using the language of the country, and representing the inhabitants of it.

Help us — Against Satan, ignorance, and sin.

Verse 10

[10] And after he had seen the vision, immediately we endeavoured to go into Macedonia, assuredly gathering that the Lord had called us for to preach the gospel unto them.

We sought to go into Macedonia — This is the first place in which St. Luke intimates his attendance on the apostle. And here he does it only in an oblique manner. Nor does he throughout the history once mention his own name, or any one thing which he did or said for the service of Christianity; though Paul speaks of him in the most honourable terms, Colossians 4:14; 2 Timothy 4:11; and probably as the brother whose praise in the Gospel went through all the Churches, 2 Corinthians 8:18. The same remark may be made on the rest of the sacred historians, who every one of them show the like amiable modesty.

Verse 11

[11] Therefore loosing from Troas, we came with a straight course to Samothracia, and the next day to Neapolis;

We ran with a straight course — Which increased their confidence that God had called them.

Verse 12

[12] And from thence to Philippi, which is the chief city of that part of Macedonia, and a colony: and we were in that city abiding certain days.

The first city — Neapolis was the first city they came to in that part of Macedonia which was nearest to Asia: in that part which was farthest from it, Philippi. The river Strymon ran between them. Philippi was a Roman colony.

Verse 13

[13] And on the sabbath we went out of the city by a river side, where prayer was wont to be made; and we sat down, and spake unto the women which resorted thither.

We went out of the gate — The Jews usually held their religious assemblies (either by choice or constraint) at a distance from the heathens: by a river side - Which was also convenient for purifying themselves.

Where prayer was wont to be made — Though it does not appear there was any house built there.

We spake — At first in a familiar manner. Paul did not immediately begin to preach.

Verse 14

[14] And a certain woman named Lydia, a seller of purple, of the city of Thyatira, which worshipped God, heard us: whose heart the Lord opened, that she attended unto the things which were spoken of Paul.

A worshipper of God — Probably acquainted with the prophetic writings whose heart the Lord opened - The Greek word properly refers to the opening of the eyes: and the heart has its eyes, Ephesians 1:18. These are closed by nature and to open them is the peculiar work of God.

Verse 15

[15] And when she was baptized, and her household, she besought us, saying, If ye have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come into my house, and abide there. And she constrained us.

She was baptized and her family — Who can believe that in so many families there was no infant? Or that the Jews, who were so long accustomed to circumcise their children, would not now devote them to God by baptism? She entreated us - The souls of the faithful cleave to those by whom they were gained to God.

She constrained us — By her importunity. They did not immediately comply, lest any should imagine they sought their own profit by coining into Macedonia.

Verse 17

[17] The same followed Paul and us, and cried, saying, These men are the servants of the most high God, which shew unto us the way of salvation.

These men are — A great truth: but St. Paul did not need, nor would accept, of such testimony.

Verse 19

[19] And when her masters saw that the hope of their gains was gone, they caught Paul and Silas, and drew them into the marketplace unto the rulers,

The magistrates — The supreme magistrates of the city. In the next verse they are called by a title which often signifies pretors. These officers exercised both the military and civil authority.

Verse 20

[20] And brought them to the magistrates, saying, These men, being Jews, do exceedingly trouble our city,

Being Jews — A nation peculiarly despised by the Romans.

Verse 21

[21] And teach customs, which are not lawful for us to receive, neither to observe, being Romans.

And teach customs which it is not lawful for us to receive — The world has received all the rules and doctrines of all the philosophers that ever were. But this is a property of Gospel truth: it has something in it peculiarly intolerable to the world.

Verse 23

[23] And when they had laid many stripes upon them, they cast them into prison, charging the jailor to keep them safely:

They laid many stripes upon them — Either they did not immediately say they were Romans, or in the tumult it was not regarded.

Charging the jailer — Perhaps rather to quiet the people than because they thought them criminal.

Verse 24

[24] Who, having received such a charge, thrust them into the inner prison, and made their feet fast in the stocks.

Secured their feet in the stocks — These were probably those large pieces of wood, in use among the Romans, which not only loaded the legs of the prisoner, but also kept them extended in a very painful manner.

Verse 25

[25] And at midnight Paul and Silas prayed, and sang praises unto God: and the prisoners heard them.

Paul and Silas sung a hymn to God — Notwithstanding weariness, hunger stripes, and blood.

And the prisoners heard — A song to which they were not accustomed.

Verse 28

[28] But Paul cried with a loud voice, saying, Do thyself no harm: for we are all here.

But Paul cried — As they were all then in the dark, it is not easy to say, how Paul knew of the jailer's purpose; unless it were by some immediate notice from God, which is by no means incredible.

With a loud voice — Through earnestness, and because he was at some distance.

Do thyself no harm — Although the Christian faith opens the prospect into another life, yet it absolutely forbids and effectually prevents a man's discharging himself from this.

Verse 30

[30] And brought them out, and said, Sirs, what must I do to be saved?

Sirs — He did not style them so the day before.

What must I do to be saved? — From the guilt I feel and the vengeance I fear? Undoubtedly God then set his sins in array before him, and convinced him in the clearest and strongest manner that the wrath of God abode upon him.

Verse 31

[31] And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house.

Thou shalt be saved and thy household — If ye believe. They did so, and were saved.

Verse 33

[33] And he took them the same hour of the night, and washed their stripes; and was baptized, he and all his, straightway.

He washed their stripes — It should not be forgot, that the apostles had not the power of working miraculous cures when they pleased, either on themselves, or their dearest friends. Nor was it expedient they should, since it would have frustrated many wise designs of God, which were answered by their sufferings.

Verse 34

[34] And when he had brought them into his house, he set meat before them, and rejoiced, believing in God with all his house.

He set a table before them and rejoiced — Faith makes a man joyful, prudent, liberal.

Verse 35

[35] And when it was day, the magistrates sent the serjeants, saying, Let those men go.

The pretors sent — Being probably terrified by the earthquake; saying, Let those men go - How different from the charge given a few hours before! And how great an ease of mind to the jailer!

Verse 37

[37] But Paul said unto them, They have beaten us openly uncondemned, being Romans, and have cast us into prison; and now do they thrust us out privily? nay verily; but let them come themselves and fetch us out.

They have beaten us publicly, being Romans — St. Paul does not always plead this privilege. But in a country where they were entire strangers, such treatment might have brought upon them a suspicion of having been guilty of some uncommon crime, and so have hindered the course of the Gospel.

Verse 40

[40] And they went out of the prison, and entered into the house of Lydia: and when they had seen the brethren, they comforted them, and departed.

When they had seen the brethren, they comforted them and departed — Though many circumstances now invited their stay, yet they wisely complied with the request of the magistrates, that they might not seem to express any degree of obstinacy or revenge, or give any suspicion of a design to stir up the people.

── John WesleyExplanatory Notes on Acts


Chapter 16. Paul in Prison

What Must I Do?
Believe in Jesus

I. Timothy the New Fellow Worker

  1. The Fruit of the Gospel
  2. All Speak Well of Him
  3. Take Him Along

II. Vision of the Man of Macedonia

  1. Kept by the Holy Spirit
  2. Vision in the Night
  3. Come Over to Help

III. Preach in Philippi

  1. Lydia and Her Household
  2. Sing Hymns in Prison
  3. The Jailer's Conversion
── Chih-Hsin ChangAn Outline of The New Testament
Two Households At Philippi (16:6-34)
1. With "The Conversion Of Cornelius", we were introduced to an event
   that was not uncommon in the early church...
   a. A situation where an entire family, or household, was converted
   b. We have three similar cases recorded in Acts
      1) The conversion of Lydia and her household - Ac 16:15
      2) The conversion of the Philippian jailer and his household
         - Ac 16:33-34
      3) The conversion of Crispus and his household - Ac 18:8
2. Such households likely consisted of both family and servants...
   a. Cornelius sent two of his household servants to Peter - Ac 10:7
   b. He had gathered his family as well as friends to hear Peter 
      - Ac 10:24,33
   -- Some wonder whether such families included infants as well, and 
      if so, were they were baptized too
3. As the gospel spread to Europe, the first two examples of conversion
   involved "Two Households At Philippi"
   a. With the conversion of Lydia - Ac 16:11-15
   b. With the conversion of the Philippian Jailer - Ac 16:25-40
[As we continue our study in the book of Acts, we shall examine both of
these examples in this lesson, to glean whatever we can about 
conversion, including the issue of "infant baptism".
Let's first consider...]
      1. Paul and his travel companions had been making their way 
         through modern day Turkey, with the Spirit limiting their 
         options - Ac 16:6-8
      2. Paul has a vision of a man of Macedonian pleading, "Come over
         to Macedonia and help us" - Ac 16:9
      3. Taking the vision as a sign that the Lord wanted them to go 
         there, they travel to Philippi (a chief city of Macedonia) 
         - Ac 16:10-12
      1. Paul and his companions go down to the riverside on the 
         Sabbath - Ac 16:13
         a. It was Paul's custom to find a synagogue and on the Sabbath
            to reason with Jews about Christ - cf. Ac 17:1-3
         b. Evidently there were not that many Jews in Philippi, and no
         c. But at least there were some women who met at the river to
      2. Paul speaks to them, and Lydia heeded his word - Ac 16:14
         a. She was evidently a successful business woman, yet one who
            worshipped God
            1) Her name is Greek, perhaps a convert to Judaism
            2) From Thyatira, she was seller of purple dye
         b. The Lord "opened her heart" to heed the things spoken by
            1) In what way the Lord opened her heart is not stated
            2) But she had "heard" what Paul was speaking (cf. Ac 16:
               13c,14a), and we know that "faith comes by hearing the
               word of God" - Ro 10:17
            3) Through the gospel, then, one's heart can be opened to
               be receptive
         c. She was willing "to heed the things spoken by Paul"
            1) I.e., to do or obey whatever Paul had said
            2) We can infer from what follows that it included baptism
      3. Lydia and her household are baptized - Ac 16:15
      1. Once again we see things gleaned from earlier examples of 
         a) Very religious people are being receptive to the gospel 
            - Ac 2,3,8,9,10
         b) Baptism occurs immediately, after hearing just one lesson
            - Ac 2,8,10
      2. In begging Paul and his companions to stay with her, she asks
         "If you have judged me to be faithful to the Lord..."
         a) What evidence was there to determine whether she was 
         b) At the very least, there was her willingness to be 
      3. Did her "household" include infants?
         a. Proponents of infant baptism often appeal to the example of
            a "household" being baptized as evidence of infant baptism
            in the early church
         b. They say it is plausible to assume infants were present, 
            but is that the case here?
            1) Lydia was a businesswoman, with no mention of a husband
            2) She was from Thyatira, possibly in Philippi only on
               business (though she did have a home)
         c. We can just as easily assume that her household was made up
            of servants, or at the least, children old enough to travel
         -- The burden of proof rests upon those seeking to support 
            infant baptism, and the evidence in this case simply isn't 
[From the example of one who was evidently a truth-seeker, we now turn
to the conversion of one who appears to have "stumbled" onto the 
      1. Paul exorcises a spirit of divination from a slave girl 
         - Ac 16:16-18
      2. Her masters have Paul and Silas beaten and imprisoned 
         - Ac 16:19-24
      1. Events leading to the jailer's conversion - Ac 16:25-29
         a. Paul and Silas are singing in prison at midnight, with 
            others listening
         b. An earthquake shakes loose the doors and everyone's chains
         c. The jailer, fearing the prisoners escaped, is about to
            commit suicide
         d. He is stopped by Paul, who reassures him that all the 
            prisoners are present
         e. Trembling, he falls down before Paul and Silas
      2. The conversion of the jailer and his household - Ac 16:30-34
         a. He asks, "Sirs, what must I do to be saved"
         b. Paul responds, "Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and you
            will be saved, you and your household"
         c. Paul then proceeds to speak the word of the Lord to him and
            those in his house
         d. In the same hour of the night, the jailer washes the 
            stripes of Paul and Silas, and is baptized along with all
            his family
         e. He then brings Paul and Silas into his home, feeds them, 
            and rejoices that he and his family have believed in God
      1. This example of conversion does not teach salvation by "faith
         a. It is common for some people to simply note verses 30-31
            1) They offer this verse as containing the whole plan of 
            2) Denying therefore the necessity of baptism
         b. Of course, this verse says nothing about repentance, 
            confessing Jesus, etc., which the Bible requires elsewhere 
            - cf. Ac 3:19; 17:30; Ro 10:9-10
         c. The context must be taken into consideration
            1) Salvation requires faith, so it is natural that would be
               the first thing to tell someone who asks "What must I do
               to be saved?"
            2) Without faith, one is not a suitable subject for baptism
               - cf. Ac 8:36-37
            3) Having established the necessity of faith, Paul 
               proceeded to speak "the word of the Lord to him and to
               all who were in his house." - Ac 16:32
               a) Though not mentioned, would this not have included 
                  the need to repent?
               b) What is mentioned, though, is that they were baptized
               -- Clearly the "word of the Lord" included baptism 
                  - Mk 16:16
            4) It is not until after he and his family were baptized,
               that Luke describes them as "having believed in God with
               all his household" - Ac 16:34
         d. Taken out of context, one might use verses 30-31 to teach
            salvation does not involve baptism, but in the context it 
            certainly appears to play a significant role!
      2. This example of conversion reveals something about the 
         "purpose" of baptism
         a. Contrary to the doctrine of many churches, the purpose of 
            baptism is not to make a public profession of one's faith
         b. As we saw in the conversion of the Ethiopian eunuch, 
            baptism can occur when there is only the baptizer and the 
            baptizee - Ac 8:36-38
         c. In this case, a family is baptized in the wee hours of the
            morning (after midnight, in the same hour) - Ac 16:25,33
         d. The purpose of baptism is hinted at by the fact...
            1) It was done immediately, even in the pre-dawn hour
            2) It was done whether in private or public
         e. This example of conversion is consistent with the purpose 
            1) By Peter ("for the remission of sins") - Ac 2:36
            2) By Ananias ("wash away your sins") - Ac 22:16
            -- As such, you don't delay, and it doesn't matter if done
               in private!
      3. This example of conversion provides no evidence of infant 
         a. Again, some appeal to the mention of "household" to infer 
            infants were included in the baptism
         b. Yet the text states that:
            1) Paul "spoke the word of the Lord...to all who were in 
               his house", implying that all were able to listen and
               understand what was said - Ac 16:32
            2) The jailer rejoiced, "having believed in God with all 
               his household"; i.e., everyone believed, implying the 
               ability of all to believe what they heard - Ac 16:34
         c. There is nothing here to preclude what we have already 
            concluded as necessary requirements to be a subject 
            qualified for baptism:
            1) Repentance - Ac 2:38
            2) Whole-hearted faith - Ac 8:37
            -- Both of which infants are incapable
1. With the conversion of "Two Households At Philippi", a wonderful 
   church was born...
   a. The church at Philippi, to which the epistle to the Philippians
      was written
   b. A congregation that supported the apostle Paul and the preaching
      of the gospel throughout Macedonia and into Achaia - Ph 1:3-5;
   c. A congregation that was mindful of Paul even toward the end of
      his life, as he awaited trial in Rome - Ph 4:10,14,17-18
   -- Never underestimate the effect of the gospel in the life of a 
2. The conversion of "Two Households At Philippi" are illustrative of
   what Jesus taught in two parables...
   a. "The Hidden Treasure" (Mt 13:44) depicts one who stumbles onto
       the truth; the Philippian jailer was such a person
   b. "The Pearl Of Great Price" (Mt 13:45-46) depicts one who is 
      searching for the truth; Lydia of Thyatira was certainly seeking
      to please God
   -- What is important to note is that the Lord knew such people 
      existed at Philippi (cf. the "Macedonian Call"), and saw to it 
      that they had an opportunity to hear the gospel
What kind of person are you?  Whether you are one who has been on a 
life-long search for truth, or have simply stumbled across the gospel,
are you willing to allow God to open your heart through the gospel and
heed the word of the Lord?
Only God knows, but perhaps you will save not only yourself, but your
whole family as well...


--《Executable Outlines