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General Outlines of the First and Second Epistles to the Thessalonians                            


Paragraph the Two Books According to the Sorts of the Word 
1.   The word of praise (1Thess. 1; 2Thess. 1); 
2.   The word of explanation (1Thess. 2-3; 2Thess. 2);
3.   The word of exhortation (1Thess. 4-5; 2Thess. 3);
Paragraph the Two Books According to Faith and Love and Hope
1.   The work of faith (1Thess. 1); 
2.   The labor of love (1Thess. 2:1-4:12);
3.   The patience of hope (1Thess. 4:13-2Thess.3:18):
a.  Concerning the relation of the Lord’s coming with the rapture (1Thess. 4:1-5:28);
b.  Concerning the relation of the Lord’s coming with believers (2Thess. 1);
c.  Concerning the teaching of the Lord’s coming (2Thess. 2);
d.  Concerning believers’ life of waiting for the Lord (2Thess. 3);

The Relation of Christ’s Second Coming Again with Believers

1.    The second coming of Christ is what believers are hoping and waiting for (1Thess. 1-10);

2.    That believers are able to stand firm is the joy of preachers when Christ comes again (1Thess. 2:1-3:10);

3.    The second coming of Christ makes believers love one another and lead a holy life (1Thess. 3:11-4:12);

4.    The second coming of Christ is the savior of believers who have fallen asleep and are alive (1Thess. 4:13-18);

5.    The second coming of Christ is the theme of believers’ exhortations and blessings (1Thess. 5:1-24);

6.    The second coming of Christ is believers’ comfort in tribulations (2Thess. 1:12);

7.    The second coming of Christ makes believers stand firm in truth (2Thess. 2:1-17);

8.    The second coming of Christ makes believers walk orderly (2Thess. 3:1-18);


Faith, love and Hope

1.    General theme (1Thess. 1:3);

2.    The work of faith (1Thess. 1:4-10);

a.    The basis of work of faith (1Thess. 1:4-5a);

b.    The testimony of work of faith (1Thess. 1:5b-8);

c.    The goal of work of faith (1Thess. 1:9-10);

3.    The labor of love (1Thess. 2:1- 4:12);

a.    Conflict and faithfulness (1Thess. 2:1-6);

b.    The bowel of the patents (1Thess. 2:7-12);

c.    Exhortations and comforts of love (1Thess. 2:13-20);

d.    Care of love (1Thess. 3:1-5);

e.    Good news of love(1Thess. 3:6-13);

f.     Exhortations of love (1Thess. 4:1-12);

4.    The patience of hope (1Thess. 4:13- 2Thess. 3:18);

a.    The second coming of the Lord and the rapture of believers (1Thess. 4:13-18);

b.    The second coming of the Lord and the preparation of believers (1Thess. 5:1-11);

c.    The second coming of the Lord and believers’ being glorified (2Thess. 1:1-12);

d.    The second coming of the Lord and believers’ clinging to the teachings of the truth (2Thess. 2:1-17);

e.    The second coming of the Lord and believers’ walking orderly (2Thess. 3:1-18);


The Faith of the Thessalonians

1.    The work of faith (1Thess. 1:3);

2.    The faith toward God has gone out in every place (1Thess. 1:8);

3.    Be established in faith because of the consolations of God’s ministers (1Thess. 3:2);

4.    The apostle cares for the condition of their faith (1Thess. 3:5);

5.    Report the good news of faith (1Thess. 3:6);

6.    Their faith has comforted those who are in tribulations and afflictions (1Thess. 3:7);

7.    Perfect what is lacking in your faith (1Thess. 3:10);

8.    Put on the breastplate of faith and love (1Thess. 5:8);

9.    Paul gives thanks for their exceeding growth of faith (2Thess. 1:3);

10. Paul boasts of them for their faith in all persecutions and tribulations (2Thess. 1:4);

11. May God fulfill the work of faith with power (2Thess. 1:11);

12. The faithful Lord will make them stand firm and established in the faith of the truth (2Thess. 2:13-14; 3:3);


The Relation of the Holy Spirit with Us

1.    The Holy Spirit helps us to preach the gospel (1Thess. 1:5);

2.    The Holy Spirit gives us joy in tribulations (1Thess. 1:6);

3.    The Holy Spirit helps us to be sanctified (1Thess. 4:7-8);

4.    The Holy Spirit moves us (1Thess. 5:19);

5.    The Holy Spirit helps us in sanctification (2Thess. 2:13);


How Paul Preaches the Word

1.    The reliance of his preachment ---- words, power, Spirit, faith and example (1Thess. 1:5-6);

2.    The content of his preachment:

a.    The gospel (1Thess. 1:5; 2:2);

b.    The word of God (1Thess. 2:13);

c.    The truth (1Thess. 2:13 the original);

3.    The forms of his preachment:

a.    Speak (1Thess. 2:2 the original, 4);

b.    Preach (1Thess. 2:9 the original);

c.    Exhort, comfort, charge (1Thess. 2:11);

d.    Told (1Thess. 3:4 the original);

e.    Prophesy (1Thess. 4:11);

f.     Admonish (1Thess. 5:12);

g.    Teach (2Thess. 2:14);

4.    The way of his preachment ---- oral preachment and written episles (2Thess. 2:15);


The Nature and Effect of the Lord’s Word

1.    Which is able to save men (1Thess. 1:6);

2.    Which is able to sound forth (1Thess. 1:8);

3.    Which is the word of the Lord and the word of God (1Thess. 1:8; 2:13);

4.    Which is able to work in those who believe the Lord (1Thess. 2:13);

5.    Which is able to run swiftly (2Thess. 3:1);


Believers and Afflictions

1.    The afflictions of believers are appointed (1Thess. 3:3-4);

2.    The sources of the afflictions of believers:

a.    The wicked one (2Thess. 3:3);

b.    By men’s hands (1Thess. 2:14-15; 2Thess. 3:2);

3.    How to deal with the afflictions:

a.    Through the joy given by the Spirit (1Thess. 1:6);

b.    Be established in faith and not be shaken by afflictions (1Thess. 3:2-3);

c.    Patience and faith (2Thess. 1:4);

d.    Prayer (2Thess. 3:1-3);

4.    The results of the afflictions for believers:

a.    Be counted worthy of the kingdom of God (1Thess. 1:5);

b.    Obtain peace and comfort (2Thess. 1:7; 2:16-17);

c.    Be glorified (2Thess. 1:10, 12);


The Conditions that the Local Church Shall Have

1.    It is where the testimonies and examples in life are manifested (1Thess. 1:6-8; 2:10; 2Thess. 3:7-9);

2.    Which is the center of the gospel of God (1Thess. 1:8);

3.    It is where babies are nursed spiritually  (1Thess. 2:7-8);

4.    It is where the children of God are trained (1Thess. 2:11-12);

5.    It is where the people of God’s kingdom are cultivated (1Thess. 2:12; 2Thess.1:5);

6.    It is the mark that the enemies of God assail (1Thess. 2:14-15; 3:5; 2Thess.3:3);

7.    It is a family in which love abounds (1Thess. 3:12; 4:9; 2Thess.1:3);

8.    It is where the divine discipline is performed (1Thess. 4:6);

9.    It is a school in which our characters are practiced and fostered (1Thess. 4:9-13; 2Thess.3:5);

10. It is a military camp for spiritual warriors (1Thess. 5:8);

11. It is a hospital in which those who are weak in spirit are healed (1Thess. 5:14);

12. It is where the truth is tested (1Thess. 5:20-21);

13. It is where prayers for one another are presented (1Thess. 5:25; 2Thess.3:1);

14. It is where those who have made mistakes are corrected (2Thess. 3:14-15);


The Relation of Christ’s Second Coming with Believers

1.    Which is connected with the ultimate salvation of believers (1Thess. 1:10);

2.    Which is connected with the reward for serving believers (1Thess. 2:19);

3.    Which is connected with the establishment of believers in heart (1Thess. 3:13);

4.    Which is connected with the removal of believers’ sorrow (1Thess. 4:13-14);

5.    Which is connected with the sanctification of believers’ spirit, soul and body (1Thess. 5:23-24);

6.    Which is connected with the Lord’s being glorified among believers (2Thess. 1:10);

7.    Which is connected with believers’ gathering to the Lord (2Thess. 2:1);


The Process of Faith

1.    The beginning of faith ---- the servants of God give thanks for it (1Thess. 2:13);

2.    The ultimate of faith ---- the servants of God hope it (1Thess. 2:19);

3.    The proof of faith ---- the servants of God worry about it (1Thess. 3:2, 6);

4.    The lacking in faith ---- the servants of God pray for it (1Thess. 3:10);

5.    The increase of faith ---- the servants of God boast of it (2Thess. 1:3-4);


The Assaults of Satan

1.    Through external damages ---- assail believers’ bodies (1Thess. 2:14-15; 3:3);

2.    Through internal temptations ---- assail believers’ hearts (1Thess. 3:5);

3.    Through the hindrance of workers ---- hinder the truth of faith ---- assail the spirits of believers (1Thess. 2:18);

4.    Through all unrighteous deception ---- make men not believe the truth but had pleasure in unrighteousness (2Thess. 2:10, 12);

5.    Through unreasonable wickedness ---- make men lose faith and grow weary (2Thess. 3:2-3, 13);


── Caleb HuangChristian Digest Bible Commentary Series

   Translated by Mary Zhou