General Outlines of the Spiritual Lessons of the Book
A Will of Being Crucified
1. A perfectly sincere will
a. the will of God (2Tim. 1:1)
b. the ceaseless prayers (2Tim. 1:2-4)
c. the genuine faith (2Tim. 1:5)
d. stirring up again (2Tim. 1:6-7).
e. my sufferings (2Tim. 1:8-12).
f. holding fast (2Tim. 1:13-14).
g. love in loneliness (2Tim. 1:15-18)
2. A completely purified will
a. strong and pure (2Tim. 2:1).
b. committing (2Tim. 2:2)
c. enduring hardship together (2Tim. 2:3-13)
d. rightly dividing the word of truth (2Tim. 2:14-18)
e. being sanctified (2Tim. 2:19-21)
f. a pure heart (2Tim. 2:22)
g. being gentle to all (2Tim. 2:23-26)
3. A fully selfless will
a. lovers of themselves (2Tim. 3:1-4)
b. men who only pay attention to appearance (2Tim. 3:5-7)
c. men who resist the truth (2Tim. 3:8-9)
d. what I endured (2Tim. 3:10-12)
e. but you must continue in (2Tim. 3:13-14)
f. the Holy Scriptures are able to…(2Tim. 3:15-16)
g. being complete (2Tim. 3:16-17)
4. A will of fully loving Christ
a. preaching the word (2Tim. 4:1-4)
b. enduring afflictions (2Tim. 4:5)
c. being poured out as a drink offering (2Tim. 4:6-7)
d. a crown with blood (2Tim. 4:8)
e. being forsaken by men (2Tim. 4:9-13)
f. the Lord stood with me (2Tim. 4:14-17)
g. to Him be glory (2Tim. 4:18-22)
The Knowledge of the Truth of God’s Servants
1. The eager hope and personal feelings that God’s servants should have (2Tim. 1).
a. the eager hope (2Tim. 1:1-14)
1) seizing hold of the promise of life (2Tim. 1:1-2)
2) stirring up the spiritual gift (2Tim. 1:3-7)
b. the personal experience and circumstances (2Tim. 1:8-18)
1) the experience in the salvation (2Tim. 1:8-10)
2) the experience of work (2Tim. 1:11-12)
3) the experience in the faith (2Tim. 1:13-14)
4) the present situation which causes many feelings (2Tim. 1:15-18)
2. The qualities and character of God’s servants (2Tim. 2).
a. the qualities of service (2Tim. 2:1-18)
1) the comprehensive equipment (2Tim. 2:1-6).
2) the practice of the faith (2Tim. 2:7-13)
3) the wisdom of preaching (2Tim. 2:14-18)
b. the spiritual character (2Tim. 2:19-26)
1) the foundation of the faith (2Tim. 2:19-20)
2) the vessels for honor (2Tim. 2:21-22)
3) the gentle temper (2Tim. 2:23-26)
3. God’s servants’ piercing and inheritance (2Tim. 3).
a. they pierce the evil of human nature in the last days (2Tim. 3:1-9)
1) concerning the days in the last days (2Tim. 3:1)
2) concerning the shameful conduct in the last days (2Tim. 3:2-9)
b. they have the precious spiritual inheritance (2Tim. 3:10-17)
1) receiving what has been passed down from teachers (2Tim. 3:10-14)
2) inheriting the riches of the Bible (2Tim. 3:15-17)
4. God’s servants’ victory and tactics (2Tim. 4)
a. the reliance and opportunities of preaching (2Tim. 4:1-2)
b. the challenge and duties of preaching (2Tim. 4:3-5)
c. the victory and glory of preaching (2Tim. 4:6-8)
d. the overall plan and change of personnel (2Tim. 4:9-12)
e. the honest charging and information (2Tim. 4:13-15)
f. the precious sympathy and conviction (2Tim. 4:16-18)
g. the sincere greeting and blessing (2Tim. 4:19-22)
Fight the Good Fight
1. Fighting for the faith
a. Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ (2Tim. 1:1).
b. Timothy, a beloved son of Paul (2Tim. 1:2-8).
c. the gospel of God (2Tim. 1:9-10).
d. our responsibility for the gospel (2Tim. 10-18).
2. Suffering for the faith
a. the passing on of the truth (2Tim. 2:1-2).
b. the first metaphor: good soldiers who commit themselves (2Tim. 2:3-4).
c. the second metaphor: competitors who obey the rules (2Tim. 2:5).
d. the third metaphor: the hardworking farmer (2Tim. 2:6).
e. the way to have understanding (2Tim. 2:7).
f. pain brings in blessing (2Tim. 2:8-13).
g. the forth metaphor: a worker who does not need to be ashamed (2Tim. 2:14-19).
h. the fifth metaphor: the cleansed vessels (2Tim. 2:20-22).
i. the sixth metaphor: workers of the Lord (2Tim. 2:23-26).
3. Holding fast to the faith
a. facing the perilous days (2Tim. 3:1-2a).
b. the description of wicked ones (2Tim. 3:2b-9).
c. standing fast in the faith (2Tim. 3:10-15a).
d. the source and purpose of the Holy Scriptures (2Tim. 3:15b-17).
4. Preaching the word
a. the nature of the charging (2Tim. 4:2).
b. the basis of the charging (2Tim. 4:1, 3-8).
c. an explanation of the charging (2Tim. 9-22).
The Source of the Spiritual Power of Believers
1. The genuine faith (2Tim. 1:5).
2. The gift of the Holy Spirit (2Tim. 1:6).
3. The word of God (2Tim. 1:13; 3:17; 4:3-4).
4. The grace that is in Christ Jesus (2Tim. 2:1).
5. The separated life (2Tim. 2:4, 20-21).
6. The reliance upon the Lord’s faithfulness and power (2Tim. 2:13, 19).
7. Being assured of the Lord’s reward (2Tim. 4:7-8).
The Four Levels of the Falling of Believers Who Warped
1. Being ashamed of the testimony of our Lord (2Tim. 1:8).
2. Having strayed concerning the truth (2Tim. 2:18).
3. Resisting the truth (2Tim. 3:8).
4. Turning their ears away from the truth (2Tim. 4:4).
How to Deal with Heresies
1. Knowing and resisting those who preach heresies
a. charge them that they teach no other doctrine (1Tim. 1:3-4).
b. they depart from a pure heart, a good conscience, and sincere faith (1Tim. 1:5-10)
c. they have rejected a good conscience, concerning the faith have suffered shipwreck (1Tim. 1:19-20).
d. they give heed to deceiving spirits and doctrines of demons (1Tim. 4:1-3).
e. they suppose that godliness is a means of gain (1Tim. 6:3-10).
2. Avoiding and guarding against those who preach heresies
a. avoid contradictions of what is falsely called knowledge (1Tim. 6:20-21).
b. shun profane and idle babblings (2Tim. 2:16-18).
c. turn away from such people who have a form of godliness but denying its power (2Tim. 3:5-9).
d. beware of those who resist the faith (2Tim. 4:15).
3. Refuting and reproach those who preach heresies
a. teach others the sound doctrine and convict those who contradict (Tit. 1:9).
b. stop their mouth and rebuke them sharply (Tit. 1:10-14).
c. exhort and rebuke with all authority (Tit. 2:15).
d. admonish and reject division men (Tit. 3:9-11).
Those Who Stray from the Faith
1. Some, having strayed, have turned aside to idle talk (1Tim. 1:6).
2. Of whom are Hymenaeus and Alexander (1Tim. 1:20).
3. For some have already turned aside after Satan (1Tim. 5:15).
4. Some men's sins are clearly evident, but those of some men follow later (1Tim. 5:24).
5. Some have strayed from the faith in their greediness (1Tim. 6:10).
6. By professing it (contradictions of what is falsely called knowledge) some have strayed concerning the faith (1Tim. 6:21).
7. Hymenaeus and Philetus are of this sort, who have strayed concerning the truth (2Tim. 2:17-18).
8. They subvert whole households, teaching things which they ought not (Tit. 1:10-14).
9. They profess to know God, but in works they deny Him (Tit. 1:16).
10. They who are opponents (Tit. 2:8).
11. They are divisive men who are self-condemned (Tit. 3:10-11).
The Qualifications for the Elders (the Overseers) and Deacons in the Church
1. Blameless: the elders (1Tim. 3:2; Tit. 1:6,7); deacons (1Tim. 3:10).
2. The husband of one wife: the elders (1Tim. 3:2; Tit. 1:6); deacons (1Tim. 3:12).
3. Temperate: the elders (1Tim. 3:2; Tit. 1:7); deacons (1Tim. 3:8, 11).
4. Sober-minded: the elders (1Tim. 3:2; Tit. 1:8),
5. Of good behavior: the elders (1Tim. 3:2; Tit. 1:8); deacons (1Tim. 3:8, 11).
6. Hospitable: the elders (1Tim. 3:2; Tit. 1:8).
7. Able to teach: the elders (1Tim. 3:2; 5:17; Tit. 1:9).
8. Not violent, but gentle: the elders (1Tim. 3:3; Tit. 1:7).
9. Not quarrelsome: the elders (1Tim. 3:3).
10. Not greedy for money, not covetous: the elders (1Tim. 3:3; Tit. 3:7); deacons (1Tim. 3:8).
11. Not given to wine: the elders (1Tim. 3:3; Tit. 1:7); deacons (1Tim. 3:8).
12. Ruling their own houses well: the elders (1Tim. 3:4); deacons (1Tim. 3:12).
13. Not a novice: the elders (1Tim. 3:6).
14. Having a good testimony among those who are outside: the elders (1Tim. 3:7).
15. Not double-tongued: deacons (1Tim. 3:8).
16. A pure conscience: deacons (1Tim. 3:9).
17. Be tested: deacons (1Tim. 3:10).
18. Not slanderers: deacons (1Tim. 3:11).
19. Faithful in all things: deacons (1Tim. 3:11).
20. Not self-willed: the elders (Tit. 1:7).
21. Not quick-tempered: the elders (Tit. 1:7).
22. A lover of what is good: the elders (Tit. 1:8).
23. Just, holy: the elders (Tit. 1:8).
24. Holding fast the faith: the elders (Tit. 1:9); deacons (1Tim. 3:9).
── Caleb Huang《Christian Digest Bible Commentary Series》
Translated by Sharon Ren