Revelation Chapter Nineteen
Chapter 19:2 clearly shews the aspect in which she is judged-the great whore who corrupted; and God avenges the blood of His servants. This judgment of Rome is the great joy of heaven. Hallelujah and salvation are sung. The elders and four living creatures fall down and worship, and the voice of the multitude proclaims the bringing in of the marriage of the Lamb, when the false woman is set aside. Till then, though espoused, the assembly was not thus actually united in the heavenly marriage of the Lamb. Still there was no greater event could be than a judgment of Rome. No doubt the beast had to be destroyed. Power, when God gave it scope, would soon do that, But here the old corruptress and persecutor was set aside for ever. Heaven is full of joy. There is no celebration of joy like this in the Revelation.
The rest of the book is simple and clear enough, for the mystery of God is closed. I do not myself attach any importance to the distinction, as a class, of those called to partake of the joy of that day. It means, I believe, just that, according to the parable of the marriage of the king's son, the guests are those who have share in the marriage joy. But several points have to be noticed: God in power has come in to set up His reign.
The true though not yet the open seat of the power of evil has been judged and destroyed. Two characters of evil, falsehood or deceitful corruption and violence have existed since Satan himself began his career, false in himself, he was a murderer to others. The mystery of iniquity contained both, though hiding the latter and using others for it. Still she was characterised by corruption and what was false. Direct violence was in the hands of the beast. The destruction of that would, no doubt, relieve the earth of oppression; but for heaven and all that was heavenly minded, the destruction of this Christ-dishonouring, soul-enslaving, and soul-debasing corruption, was joy and gladness, and the witness that divine power had come in. It had set aside the worst evil, the corrupting what was God's, under pretense of being what Christ had purchased for Himself, the one precious object of His especial love. They sing "Hallelujah ! for the Lord God Omnipotent reigneth!"
This was to make way for the introduction of what was His own-the manifest power of His Christ. But, before that, the assembly must have her place of association with Him in that-must have Himself: the marriage of the Lamb is come. Till the evil woman had been set aside, this could not be. This is the character of heavenly joy and redemption by which we are brought into it. Man on earth is first good, then yielding to temptation. Redemption supposes first evil, and even slavery to it, but then deliverance from it and our being set beyond it, God having taken to Him His power. The assembly is presented to Christ without spot or wrinkle or any such thing, cleansed and white, suited to Christ. The apostle was disposed, in sight of all this blessedness, to fall down and worship him who had revealed it. His mind was thrown into devotion by these scenes. Its immediate object was the heavenly messenger, and he turns to bow to him, but is forbidden. He was a fellow-servant, and the same to all who had the testimony of Jesus; for the spirit of prophecy, we are told, is the testimony of Jesus. The testimony not to worship intermediate beings is the last warning left to a declining assembly, as, so to speak, one of the first (in Colossians).
We now arrive at the great announcement of the coming of Christ in power. Heaven, which had been opened on Jesus and to Stephen, now opens for Jesus as King of kings and Lord of lords. Holy and true He had been known by faith, and the faithful and true Witness. The last He is now; not as witness, but in judgment, save as judgment itself is the witness of His faithfulness and truth. The characters in which He appears are plain but all-important. It is first in general judgment but in the form of war, not what we may call sessional judgment, but overcoming power. Sessional judgment is in chapter 20 from verse 4. His eyes have the piercingness of divine judgment. He had many crowns, witness of His various and universal dominion. But, though thus revealed as man, He had a glory none could penetrate into;  of which He had the conscious power, but which was not revealed. He was the avenger---His garment was dipped in blood. All characterised Him, we may note here, according to that in which He is manifested by the judgment itself It was the Revealer, the Word of God-His eternal character-what He was before creation; now making it good in judgment.
The armies in heaven had not garments dipped in blood. They were triumphant; they followed Him in His triumph, pure and perfect, His chosen, called, and faithful ones. The vengeance of Idumea was not their part, though they share His victory over the beast. The vengeance in Edom had a more earthly character, and is connected more with Judah. The Assyrian is there (see Ps. 83), not the beast. The beast and the false prophet are destroyed by Him as coming from heaven. He smites the nations with the rod of His mouth, He rules them with a rod of iron: this the saints will have with Him. (Chap. 2:26, 27.) He treads the wine-press too.  This is the part that is more earthly, as Isaiah 63 shews. So He that sits on the cloud thrusts in His sickle on the earth. It was an angel who cast the grapes into the wine-press, and the wine-- -it is not said, as by one sitting on the cloud. The character of the judgment of the beast and the false prophet is heavenly-it is the Word of God, the Lord from heaven; the wine-press is earthly. He is publicly, officially, and intrinsically King of kings, and Lord of lords. The beast and the false prophet are cast alive into the lake of fire: this was a present final judgment-the rest were judicially slain. The final judgment of these deceived ones is not said to take place here. Satan is not yet cast into the lake of fire, but into the bottomless pit, where the legion of devils besought the Lord they might not be sent. He is bound there so as not to deceive the nations for a thousand years. There will be no seduction by Satan during the thousand years.
 So it was as to His Person and service. No one knew the Son but the Father. It was the secret of His rejection. He was that, and so necessarily such in the world. But the world under Satan's influence would not have that. In His humiliation His divine glory was maintained in the unsounded depths of His Person. Now He is revealed in glory; but there ever remained what none could search or penetrate into-His own Person and nature. His revealed name was the Word of God. As revealing God in grace or power so as to make Him known, we know Him. But His Person as Son always remains unsearchable. His name is written, so that we know it is unknowable-not unknown but unknowable. But He made good now the character and requirements of God in respect of men-what they ought to be with God, and what God was to them in their natural relationship, revealed in respect of their responsibility. Judgment refers to these, and to ourselves.
 This too He does alone- not that the saints may not be with Him as His cortege, so to speak, but the execution of judgment is His. In Isaiah it is only said that of the people none were with Him. In sessional judgment, judgment is given to them.
 I have already stated that the harvest is discriminative judgment: there is wheat for the garner. The wine-press is vengeance, righteous vengeance.
── John Darby《Synopsis of Revelation》
The church in heaven and that on earth triumph, and praise the Lord for his righteous judgments. (1-10) A vision of Christ going forth to destroy the beast and his armies. (11-21)
Commentary on Revelation 19:1-10
(Read Revelation 19:1-10)
Praising God for what we have, is praying for what is yet further to be done for us. There is harmony between the angels and the saints in this triumphant song. Christ is the Bridegroom of his ransomed church. This second union will be completed in heaven; but the beginning of the glorious millennium (by which is meant a reign of Christ, or a state of happiness, for a thousand years on earth) may be considered as the celebration of his espousals on earth. Then the church of Christ, being purified from errors, divisions, and corruptions, in doctrine, discipline, worship, and practice, will be made ready to be publicly owned by him as his delight and his beloved. The church appeared; not in the gay, gaudy dress of the mother of harlots, but in fine linen, clean and white. In the robes of Christ's righteousness, imputed for justification, and imparted for sanctification. The promises of the gospel, the true sayings of God, opened, applied, and sealed by the Spirit of God, in holy ordinances, are the marriage-feast. This seems to refer to the abundant grace and consolation Christians will receive in the happy days which are to come. The apostle offered honour to the angel. The angel refused it. He directed the apostle to the true and only object of religious worship; to worship God, and him alone. This plainly condemns the practice of those who worship the elements of bread and wine, and saints, and angels; and of those who do not believe that Christ is truly and by nature God, yet pay him a sort of worship. They stand convicted of idolatry by a messenger from heaven. These are the true sayings of God; of Him who is to be worshipped, as one with the Father and the Holy Spirit.
Commentary on Revelation 19:11-21
(Read Revelation 19:11-21)
Christ, the glorious Head of the church, is described as on a white horse, the emblem of justice and holiness. He has many crowns, for he is King of kings, and Lord of lords. He is arrayed in a vesture dipped in his own blood, by which he purchased his power as Mediator; and in the blood of his enemies, over whom he always prevails. His name is "The Word of God;" a name none fully knows but himself; only this we know, that this Word was God manifest in the flesh; but his perfections cannot be fully understood by any creature. Angels and saints follow, and are like Christ in their armour of purity and righteousness. The threatenings of the written word he is going to execute on his enemies. The ensigns of his authority are his name; asserting his authority and power, warning the most powerful princes to submit, or they must fall before him. The powers of earth and hell make their utmost effort. These verses declare important events, foretold by the prophets. These persons were not excused because they did what their leaders bade them. How vain will be the plea of many sinners at the great day! We followed our guides; we did as we saw others do! God has given a rule to walk by, in his word; neither the example of the most, nor of the chief, must influence us contrary thereto: if we do as the most do, we must go where the most go, even into the burning lake.
── Matthew Henry《Concise Commentary on Revelation》
 And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia; Salvation, and glory, and honour, and power, unto the Lord our God:
I heard a loud voice of a great multitude — Whose blood the great whore had shed.
Saying, Hallelujah — This Hebrew word signifies, Praise ye Jah, or Him that is. God named himself to Moses, EHEIEH, that is, I will be, Exodus 3:14; and at the same time, "Jehovah," that is, "He that is, and was, and is to come:" during the trumpet of the seventh angel, he is styled, "He that is and was," Revelation 16:5; and not "He that is to come;" because his long-expected coming is under this trumpet actually present. At length he is styled, "Jah," "He that is;" the past together with the future being swallowed up in the present, the former things being no more mentioned, for the greatness of those that now are. This title is of all others the most peculiar to the everlasting God.
The salvation — Is opposed to the destruction which the great whore had brought upon the earth.
His power and glory — Appear from the judgment executed on her, and from the setting up his kingdom to endure through all ages.
 For true and righteous are his judgments: for he hath judged the great whore, which did corrupt the earth with her fornication, and hath avenged the blood of his servants at her hand.
For true and righteous are his judgments — Thus is the cry of the souls under the altar changed into a song of praise.
 And the four and twenty elders and the four beasts fell down and worshipped God that sat on the throne, saying, Amen; Alleluia.
And the four and twenty elders, and the four living creatures felt down — The living creatures are nearer the throne than the elders. Accordingly they are mentioned before them, with the praise they render to God, Revelation 4:9,10; 5:8,14; inasmuch as there the praise moves from the centre to the circumference. But here, when God's judgments are fulfilled, it moves back from the circumference to the centre. Here, therefore, the four and twenty elders are named before the living creatures.
 And a voice came out of the throne, saying, Praise our God, all ye his servants, and ye that fear him, both small and great.
And a voice came forth from the throne — Probably from the four living creatures, saying, Praise our God - The occasion and matter of this song of praise follow immediately after, verses 6, Revelation 19:6 etc.; God was praised before, for his judgment of the great whore, verses 1-4. Revelation 19:1-4 Now for that which follows it: for that the Lord God, the Almighty, takes the kingdom to himself, and avenges himself on the rest of his enemies. Were all these inhabitants of heaven mistaken? If not, there is real, yea, and terrible anger in God.
 And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth.
And I heard the voice of a great multitude. So all his servants did praise him.
The Almighty reigneth — More eminently and gloriously than ever before.
 Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready.
The marriage of the Lamb is come — Is near at hand, to be solemnized speedily. What this implies, none of "the spirits of just men," even in paradise, yet know. O what things are those which are yet behind! And what purity of heart should there be, to meditate upon them! And his wife hath made herself ready - Even upon earth; but in a far higher sense, in that world. After a time allowed for this, the new Jerusalem comes down, both made ready and adorned, Revelation 21:2.
 And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.
And it is given to her — By God. The bride is all holy men, the whole invisible church.
To be arrayed in fine linen, white and clean — This is an emblem of the righteousness of the saints - Both of their justification and sanctification.
 And he saith unto me, Write, Blessed are they which are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me, These are the true sayings of God.
And he — The angel, saith to me, Write - St. John seems to have been so amazed at these glorious sights, that he needeth to be reminded of this.
Happy are they who are invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb — Called to glory.
And he saith — After a little pause.
 And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See thou do it not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.
And I fell before his feet to worship him — It seems, mistaking him for the angel of the covenant. But he saith, See thou do it not|-In the original, it is only, See not|, with a beautiful abruptness. To pray to or worship the highest creature is flat idolatry.
I am thy fellowservant and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus — I am now employed as your fellowservant, to testify of the Lord Jesus, by the same Spirit which inspired the prophets of old.
 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.
And I saw the heaven opened — This is a new and peculiar opening of it, in order to show the magnificent expedition of Christ and his attendants, against his great adversary.
And behold a white horse — Many little regarded Christ, when he came meek, "riding upon an ass;" but what will they say, when he goes forth upon his white horse, with the sword of his mouth? White - Such as generals use in solemn triumph.
And he that sitteth on him, called Faithful — In performing all his promises.
And True — In executing all his threatenings.
And in righteousness — With the utmost justice.
He judgeth and maketh war — Often the sentence and execution go together.
 His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself.
And his eyes are a flame of fire — They were said to be as or like a flame of fire, before, Revelation 1:14; an emblem of his omniscience.
And upon his head are many diadems — For he is king of all nations.
And he hath a name written, which none knoweth but himself — As God he is incomprehensible to every creature.
 And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God.
And he is clothed in a vesture dipped in blood — The blood of the enemies he hath already conquered. Isaiah 63:1, etc.
 And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.
And he shall rule them — Who are not slain by his sword.
With a rod of iron — That is, if they will not submit to his golden sceptre.
And he treadeth the wine press of the wrath of God — That is, he executes his judgments on the ungodly. This ruler of the nations was born (or appeared as such) immediately after the seventh angel began to sound. He now appears, not as a child, but as a victorious warrior. The nations have long ago felt his "iron rod," partly while the heathen Romans, after their savage persecution of the Christians, themselves groaned under numberless plagues and calamities, by his righteous vengeance; partly, while other heathens have been broken in pieces by those who bore the Christian name. For although the cruelty, for example, of the Spaniards in America, was unrighteous and detestable, yet did God therein execute his righteous judgment on the unbelieving nations; but they shall experience his iron rod as they never did yet, and then will they all return to their rightful Lord.
 And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.
And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh — That is, on the part of his vesture which is upon his thigh.
A name written — It was usual of old, for great personages in the eastern countries, to have magnificent titles affixed to their garments.
 And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God;
Gather yourselves together to the great supper of God — As to a great feast, which the vengeance of God will soon provide; a strongly figurative expression, (taken from Ezekiel 39:17,) denoting the vastness of the ensuing slaughter.
 And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him that sat on the horse, and against his army.
And I saw the kings of the earth — The ten kings mentioned Revelation 17:12; who had now drawn the other kings of the earth to them, whether Popish, Mahometan, or pagan.
Gathered together to make war with him that sat upon the horse — All beings, good and evil, visible and invisible, will be concerned in this grand contest. See Zechariah 14:1, etc.
 And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.
The false prophet, who had wrought the miracles before him — And therefore shared in his punishment; these two ungodly men were cast alive - Without undergoing bodily death.
Into the lake of fire — And that before the devil himself, Revelation 20:10. Here is the last of the beast. After several repeated strokes of omnipotence, he is gone alive into hell. There were two that went alive into heaven; perhaps there are two that go alive into hell. It may be, Enoch and Elijah entered at once into glory, without first waiting in paradise; the beast and the false prophet plunge at once into the extremest degree of torment, without being reserved in chains of darkness till the judgment of the great day. Surely, none but the beast of Rome would have hardened himself thus against the God he pretended to adore, or refused to have repented under such dreadful, repeated visitations! Well is he styled a beast, from his carnal and vile affections; a wild beast, from his savage and cruel spirit! The rest were slain - A like difference is afterwards made between the devil, and Gog and Magog, Revelation 20:9,10.
 And the remnant were slain with the sword of him that sat upon the horse, which sword proceeded out of his mouth: and all the fowls were filled with their flesh.
Here is a most magnificent description of the overthrow of the beast and his adherents. It has, in particular, one exquisite beauty; that, after exhibiting the two opposite armies, and all the apparatus for a battle, verses 11-19; Revelation 19:11-19 then follows immediately, verse 20, 19:20 the account of the victory, without one word of an engagement or fighting. Here is the most exact propriety; for what struggle can there be between omnipotence, and the power of all the creation united against it! Every description must have fallen short of this admirable silence.
── John Wesley《Explanatory Notes on Revelation》
Chapter 19. The Coming of Christ
The Wedding of
Blessed Are Those Who Are Invited
I. Praise of Hallelujah
II. Come Riding on the White Horse
── Chih-Hsin Chang《An Outline of The New Testament》
Chapter Nineteen General Review
OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER
1) To note the great joy in heaven over the fall of
, and the Babylon
excitement over the preparation for the marriage of the Lamb and His
2) To see the great victory Christ would have over the beast, the false
prophet, and their armies
This chapter illustrates the ultimate defeat of the enemies of God's
people. John hears a great multitude in heaven rejoicing over the fall
. The multitude is joined by the twenty-four elders and four Babylon
living creatures, and a voice from the throne calling upon all God's
servants to praise Him (1-5).
John then hears heaven rejoicing in preparation for the marriage of
the Lamb. His wife has made herself ready, and she is adorned in fine
linen, signifying the righteous acts of the saints. John is then told
to write that those invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb are
truly blessed. John falls down to worship the one speaking to him, but
is immediately rebuked and told to worship God (6-10).
The scene quickly changes as John sees heaven opened and Christ the
warrior king on a white horse, followed by the armies in heaven on
white horses. Described in terms reminiscent of His appearance in the
first three chapters, He is ready to strike the nations and rule them
with a rod of iron, even as He treads the winepress of the fierce wrath
of Almighty God. As inscribed on His robe and His thigh, Jesus is
truly "King of kings and Lord of Lords" (11-16).
With an angel standing in the sun and inviting the birds to gather for
the supper of the great God, John then sees the beast and his forces
gathered to make war against Christ and His army. But immediately the
beast and the false prophet (the earth beast of 13:11-18) are captured
and cast alive into the lake of fire. Their armies are killed with the
sword proceeding from the mouth of Christ, and all the birds were
filled with their flesh (17-21).
This chapter appears designed to reinforce the idea that Christ in His
kingly rule will defeat those who have been persecuting His people.
the harlot would be destroyed, so the beast and false Babylon
prophet would be overcome. If the latter two represent the Roman
empire in its persecution against the church, this section with its
vivid imagery would have been fulfilled by
313 A.D. when Constantine
brought an end to Roman persecution.
I. HEAVEN REJOICES OVER THE FALL OF
A. A GREAT MULTITUDE IN HEAVEN (1-3)
1. Praising God, attributing salvation, glory, honor, and power
2. Declaring His judgments on the great harlot as true and
a. For she corrupted the earth with her fornication
b. He has avenged the blood of His servants which she shed
3. Praising God, for her smoke rises up forever and ever
B. THE TWENTY-FOUR ELDERS AND FOUR LIVING CREATURES (4)
1. Falling down and worshipping God who sits on the throne
2. Saying "Amen, Alleluia!"
C. A VOICE FROM THE THRONE (5)
1. Calling upon all God's servants and those who fear Him
2. Calling upon both small and great to praise God
II. HEAVEN REJOICES IN PREPARATION FOR THE MARRIAGE OF THE LAMB (6-10)
A. A GREAT MULTITUDE IN HEAVEN (6-8)
1. Sounding like many waters and mighty thunderings
a. Praising the Lord God Omnipotent for His reign
b. Calling to be glad and rejoice and give God glory
2. For the marriage of the Lamb has come
a. His wife has made herself ready
b. She was arrayed in fine linen, which is the righteous acts
of the saints
B. A FELLOW SERVANT (9-10)
1. Telling John to write: "Blessed are those who are called to
the marriage supper of the Lamb!"
2. Proclaiming: "These are the true sayings of God."
3. When John fell at his feet to worship him, he is rebuked
a. "See that you do not do that!"
b. "I am your fellow servant, and of your brethren who have
the testimony of Jesus."
c. "Worship God! For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of
III. CHRIST THE WARRIOR KING ON A WHITE HORSE (11-16)
A. HIS AWESOME DESCRIPTION (11-13)
1. As heaven opened, John sees Him sitting on a white horse
a. He is called Faithful and True
b. In righteousness He judges and makes war
2. As seen by John:
a. His eyes were like a flame of fire
b. On His head were many crowns
c. He had a name written that no one knew but Himself
d. Clothed with a robe dipped in blood
e. His name is called The Word of God
B. HIS GREAT RULE AND REIGN (14-16)
1. Followed by the armies of heaven
a. Clothed in fine linen, white and clean
b. Sitting on white horses
2. From His mouth, a sharp sword to strike the nations
a. He Himself will rule the nations with a rod of iron
b. He Himself treads the winepress of Almighty God's
fierceness and wrath
3. On His robe and thigh a name written: "King of kings, and
Lord of lords"
IV. THE FALL OF THE BEAST, THE FALSE PROPHET, AND THEIR FORCES (17-21)
A. THE DECLARATION OF AN ANGEL (17-18)
1. John sees an angel standing in the sun, crying with a loud
2. Speaking to all the birds that fly in the midst of heaven:
a. "Come and gather together for the supper of the great God."
b. "...eat the flesh of kings...captains...mighty men...horses
...all people, free and slave, both small and great"
B. THE END OF THE BEAST AND FALSE PROPHET (19-21)
1. John saw the beast, the kings of the earth and their armies,
gathered to make war against Him who sat on the horse and His
2. John saw the beast and false prophet captured
a. The false prophet who worked signs in the presence of the
b. By which he deceived those who received the mark of the
beast and worshiped his image
-- Both were cast alive into the lake of fire burning with
3. The rest of their forces were killed
a. With the sword which proceeded from the mouth of Him who
sat on the horse
b. All the birds were filled with their flesh
REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR THE CHAPTER
1) What are the main points of this chapter?
- Heaven rejoices over the fall of
- Heaven rejoices in preparation the marriage of the Lamb (6-10)
- Christ the warrior king on a white horse (11-16)
- The fall of the beast, the false prophet, and their forces (17-21)
2) What did John hear a great multitude in heaving saying? (1)
- "Alleluia! Salvation and glory and honor and power belong to the
Lord our God!"
3) Why are God's judgments on the harlot proclaimed as true and
- She has corrupted the earth with her fornication
- She has shed the blood of His servants
4) What else does this great multitude in heaven say? (3)
- "Alleluia! Her smoke rises up forever and ever!"
5) Who else joins end with a cry of "Amen! Alleluia!"? (4)
- The twenty-four elders and the four living creatures
6) What does a voice from throne proclaim? (5)
- "Praise our God, all you His servants and those who fear Him, both
small and great!"
7) What did the voice of a great multitude cry out next? (6-7)
- "Alleluia! For the Lord God Omnipotent reigns!"
- "Let us be glad and rejoice and give Him glory, for the marriage
of the Lamb has come, and His wife has made herself ready."
8) In what was the Lamb's bride adorned? (8)
- Fine linen, clean and bright (the righteous acts of the saints)
9) What was John then told? (9)
- "Write: 'Blessed are those who are called to the marriage supper
of the Lamb!'"
- "These are the true sayings of God."
10) As John fell down to worship the one who spoke to him, what was he
told? Why? (10)
- "See that you do not do that!"
- "I am your fellow servant, and of your brethren who have the
testimony of Jesus."
- "Worship God! For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of
11) List the descriptive features of the One sitting on a white horse
- He was called Faithful and True, in righteousness He judges and
- His eyes were like a flame of fire, on His head were many crowns
- He had a name written that no one knew except Himself
- He was clothed with a robe dipped in blood
- His name is called The Word of God
- He was followed by the armies of heaven, clothed in white linen
and on white horses
- Out of His mouth goes a sharp sword with which He should strike
- He will rule the nations with a rod of iron
- He treads the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of God
- On His robe and thigh was a name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD
12) What did an angel standing in the sun say to the birds? (17-18)
- "Come and gather together for the supper of the Great God"
- "That you may eat the flesh of mighty men...horses...those who sit
on them...all people, free and slave, both small and great."
13) What did John see next? (19)
- The beast, the kings of the earth and their armies, gathered to
make war against Him who sat on the white horse and His army
14) What happened to the beast and the false prophet? (20)
- They were captured and cast alive into the lake of fire burning
15) What happened to the rest of their armies? (21)
- They were killed by the sword which proceeded from the mouth of
- All the birds were filled with their flesh
The coming of Christ
The wedding of the Lamb
Blessed are those who are invited
I. Praise of Hallelujah
1. True and just judgment
2. Respond with Amen
3. Lord God Almighty reigns
II.Come riding on the white horse
1. Glory and authority
2. An overwhelming victory
3. Accompanied by Saints
III. Flying birds come to the great supper
1. The angel shouts
2. Punish the evil
3. Punish the beast
── Chih-Hsin Chang《an Outline of The New Testament》