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1 Chronicles Chapter One


1 Chronicles 1 Outline of Contents

The Family of Adam—Seth to Abraham (v.1~28)

The Family of Ishmael (v.29~31)

The Family of Keturah (v.32~33)

The Family of Isaac (v.34~37)

The Family of Seir (v.38~48)

The Kings of Edom (v.43~54)

New King James Version (NKJV)



This chapter gives us the genealogy of the patriarchs from Adam to Noah, 1 Chronicles 1:1 of the sons of Noah, and their posterity, to Abraham, 1 Chronicles 1:5 of the sons of Abraham and their posterity, 1 Chronicles 1:28 and of the sons of Esau, 1 Chronicles 1:35 and of the kings and dukes that reigned in Edom, 1 Chronicles 1:43.


1 Chronicles 1:1  Adam, Seth, Enosh,

   YLT  1Adam, Sheth, Enosh,

Verses 1-4

Adam, Seth,.... These first four verses exactly agree with the account of the antediluvian patriarchs in Genesis 5:1, the first letter in Adam is larger than usual, as a memorial, as BuxtorfF13 observes, of the first and only man, from whence mankind had their beginning, and whose history the author had undertaken to write.


1 Chronicles 1:2  2 Cainan,[a] Mahalalel, Jared,

   YLT  2Kenan, Mahalaleel, Jered,


1 Chronicles 1:3  3 Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech,

   YLT  3Henoch, Methuselah, Lamech,


1 Chronicles 1:4  4 Noah,[b] Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

   YLT  4Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.


1 Chronicles 1:5  5 The sons of Japheth were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.

   YLT  5Sons of Japheth: Gomer and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.

Verses 5-27

The sons of Japheth, Gomer,.... Here begins the genealogy of the sons of Noah after the flood; of the sons of Japheth the elder, in this and the two following verses; next of the sons of Ham, the younger brother, 1 Chronicles 1:8, then of Shem, whose posterity are mentioned last, because from him, in the line of Heber, sprang Abraham, the ancestor of the Jewish nation, of whom the Messiah was to come, for whose sake this genealogy is given, 1 Chronicles 1:17. The whole is the same with the account in Genesis 10:1


1 Chronicles 1:6  6 The sons of Gomer were Ashkenaz, Diphath,[c] and Togarmah.

   YLT  6And sons of Gomer: Ashchenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.


1 Chronicles 1:7  7 The sons of Javan were Elishah, Tarshishah,[d] Kittim, and Rodanim.[e]

   YLT  7And sons of Javan: Elisha, and Tarshishah, Kittim, and Dodanim.


1 Chronicles 1:8  8 The sons of Ham were Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.

   YLT  8Sons of Ham: Cush, and Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.


1 Chronicles 1:9  9 The sons of Cush were Seba, Havilah, Sabta,[f] Raama,[g] and Sabtecha. The sons of Raama were Sheba and Dedan.

   YLT  9And sons of Cush: Seba and Havilah, and Sabta, and Raamah, and Sabtecka. And sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan.


1 Chronicles 1:10  10 Cush begot Nimrod; he began to be a mighty one on the earth.

   YLT  10And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the land.


1 Chronicles 1:11  11 Mizraim begot Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim,

   YLT  11And Mizraim begat the Ludim, and the Anamim, and the Lehabim, and the Naphtuhim,


1 Chronicles 1:12  12 Pathrusim, Casluhim (from whom came the Philistines and the Caphtorim).

   YLT  12and the Pathrusim, and the Casluhim (from whom came out the Philistim), and the Caphtorim.


1 Chronicles 1:13  13 Canaan begot Sidon, his firstborn, and Heth;

   YLT  13And Canaan begat Zidon his first born, and Heth,


1 Chronicles 1:14  14 the Jebusite, the Amorite, and the Girgashite;

   YLT  14and the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgashite,


1 Chronicles 1:15  15 the Hivite, the Arkite, and the Sinite;

   YLT  15and the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite,


1 Chronicles 1:16  16 the Arvadite, the Zemarite, and the Hamathite.

   YLT  16and the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite.


1 Chronicles 1:17  17 The sons of Shem were Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, Aram, Uz, Hul, Gether, and Meshech.[h]

   YLT  17Sons of Shem: Elam and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech.


1 Chronicles 1:18  18 Arphaxad begot Shelah, and Shelah begot Eber.

   YLT  18And Arphaxad begat Shelah, and Shelah begat Eber.


1 Chronicles 1:19  19 To Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg,[i] for in his days the earth was divided; and his brother’s name was Joktan.

   YLT  19And to Eber have been born two sons, the name of the one [is] Peleg, for in his days hath the land been divided, and the name of his brother is Joktan.


1 Chronicles 1:20  20 Joktan begot Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah,

   YLT  20And Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah,


1 Chronicles 1:21  21 Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah,

   YLT  21and Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah,


1 Chronicles 1:22  22 Ebal,[j] Abimael, Sheba,

   YLT  22and Ebal, and Abimael, and Sheba,


1 Chronicles 1:23  23 Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these were the sons of Joktan.

   YLT  23and Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab; all these [are] sons of Joktan.


1 Chronicles 1:24  24 Shem, Arphaxad, Shelah,

   YLT  24Shem, Arphaxad, Shelah,


1 Chronicles 1:25  25 Eber, Peleg, Reu,

   YLT  25Eber, Peleg, Reu,


1 Chronicles 1:26  26 Serug, Nahor, Terah,

   YLT  26Serug, Nahor, Terah,


1 Chronicles 1:27  27 and Abram, who is Abraham.

   YLT  27Abram -- he [is] Abraham.


1 Chronicles 1:28  28 The sons of Abraham were Isaac and Ishmael.

   YLT  28Sons of Abraham: Isaac and Ishmael.

Verses 28-34

The sons of Abraham,.... The famous and well known ancestor of the Jews; of Ishmael his firstborn, and his posterity; of his sons by Keturah; and of Isaac and his sons, an account is given from hence to the end of 1 Chronicles 1:34 entirely agreeing with that in Genesis 25:1.


1 Chronicles 1:29  29 These are their genealogies: The firstborn of Ishmael was Nebajoth; then Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam,

   YLT  29These [are] their generations: first-born of Ishmael, Nebaioth, and Kedar, and Adheel, and Mibsam,


1 Chronicles 1:30  30 Mishma, Dumah, Massa, Hadad,[k] Tema,

   YLT  30Mishma, and Dumah, Massa, Hadad, and Tema,


1 Chronicles 1:31  31 Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. These were the sons of Ishmael.

   YLT  31Jetur, Naphish, and Kedema. These are sons of Ishmael.


1 Chronicles 1:32  32 Now the sons born to Keturah, Abraham’s concubine, were Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. The sons of Jokshan were Sheba and Dedan.

   YLT  32And sons of Keturah, Abraham's concubine: she bare Zimran, and Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah. And sons of Jokshan: Sheba and Dedan.


1 Chronicles 1:33  33 The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were the children of Keturah.

   YLT  33And sons of Midian: Ephah and Epher, and Henoch, and Abida, and Eldaah; all these [are] sons of Keturah.


1 Chronicles 1:34  34 And Abraham begot Isaac. The sons of Isaac were Esau and Israel.

   YLT  34And Abraham begetteth Isaac. Sons of Isaac: Esau and Israel.


1 Chronicles 1:35  35 The sons of Esau were Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jaalam, and Korah.

   YLT  35Sons of Esau: Eliphaz, Reuel, and Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah.

Verses 35-37

The sons of Esau,.... The firstborn of Isaac; his posterity are named in this and the two following verses, as in Genesis 36:1 only it should be observed, that Timna, 1 Chronicles 1:36 is not the name of a man, but was the concubine of Eliphaz, the eldest son of Esau, and the mother of Amalek, Genesis 36:12, and so in the Arabic version it is read,"and Timna, which was the concubine of Eliphaz, the son of Esau, bare him Amalek;'and so the Alexandrian copy of the Septuagint.


1 Chronicles 1:36  36 And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zephi,[l] Gatam, and Kenaz; and by Timna,[m] Amalek.

   YLT  36Sons of Eliphaz: Teman, and Omar, Zephi, and Gatam, Kenaz, and Timna, and Amalek.


1 Chronicles 1:37  37 The sons of Reuel were Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah.

   YLT  37Sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah.


1 Chronicles 1:38  38 The sons of Seir were Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan.

   YLT  38And sons of Seir: Lotan, and Shobal, and Zibeon, and Anah, and Dishon, and Ezar, and Dishan.

Verses 38-42

And the sons of Seir,.... This man and his posterity were not of the race of Esau, but are mentioned because they were a family into which Esau, and a son of his, married, and whose possessions he and his obtained. The account from hence, to the end of 1 Chronicles 1:42 is the same with Genesis 36:20, with some little variation of names.


1 Chronicles 1:39  39 And the sons of Lotan were Hori and Homam; Lotan’s sister was Timna.

   YLT  39And sons of Lotan: Hori and Homam, and sister of Lotan [is] Timna.


1 Chronicles 1:40  40 The sons of Shobal were Alian,[n] Manahath, Ebal, Shephi,[o] and Onam. The sons of Zibeon were Ajah and Anah.

   YLT  40Sons of Shobal: Alian, and Manahath, and Ebal, Shephi, and Onam. And sons of Zideon: Aiah and Anah.


1 Chronicles 1:41  41 The son of Anah was Dishon. The sons of Dishon were Hamran,[p] Eshban, Ithran, and Cheran.

   YLT  41The sons of Anah: Dishon. and sons of Dishon: Amram, and Eshban, and Ithran, and Cheran.


1 Chronicles 1:42  42 The sons of Ezer were Bilhan, Zaavan, and Jaakan.[q] The sons of Dishan were Uz and Aran.

   YLT  42Sons of Ezer: Bilhan, and Zavan, Jakan. Sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran.


1 Chronicles 1:43  43 Now these were the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before a king reigned over the children of Israel: Bela the son of Beor, and the name of his city was Dinhabah.

   YLT  43And these [are] the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before the reigning of a king of the sons of Israel: Bela son of Beor, and the name of his city [is] Dinhabah.

Verses 43-54

Now these are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom,.... Which had its name from Esau, who was so called, Genesis 25:30. From hence, to the end of the chapter, an account is given of the kings and dukes of Edom, in the same order as in Genesis 30:31.


1 Chronicles 1:44  44 And when Bela died, Jobab the son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his place.

   YLT  44And Bela dieth, and reign in his stead doth Jobab son of Zerah from Bozrali;


1 Chronicles 1:45  45 When Jobab died, Husham of the land of the Temanites reigned in his place.

   YLT  45and Jobab dieth, and reign in his stead doth Husham from the land of the Temanite;


1 Chronicles 1:46  46 And when Husham died, Hadad the son of Bedad, who attacked Midian in the field of Moab, reigned in his place. The name of his city was Avith.

   YLT  46and Husham dieth, and reign in his stead doth Hadad, son of Bedad (who smiteth Midian in the field of Moab) and the name of his city [is] Avith;


1 Chronicles 1:47  47 When Hadad died, Samlah of Masrekah reigned in his place.

   YLT  47and Hadad dieth, and reign in his stead doth Samlah from Masrekah;


1 Chronicles 1:48  48 And when Samlah died, Saul of Rehoboth-by-the-River reigned in his place.

   YLT  48and Samlah dieth, and reign in his stead doth Shaul from Rehoboth of the River;


1 Chronicles 1:49  49 When Saul died, Baal-Hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his place.

   YLT  49and Shaul dieth, and reign in his stead doth Baal-Hanan son of Achbor;


1 Chronicles 1:50  50 And when Baal-Hanan died, Hadad[r] reigned in his place; and the name of his city was Pai.[s] His wife’s name was Mehetabel the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab.

   YLT  50and Baal-Hanan dieth, and reign in his stead doth Hadad, and the name of his city [is] Pai, and the name of his wife [is] Mehetabel daughter of Matred, daughter of Me-Zahab; Hadad also dieth.


1 Chronicles 1:51  51 Hadad died also. And the chiefs of Edom were Chief Timnah, Chief Aliah,[t] Chief Jetheth,

   YLT  51And chiefs of Edom are: chief Timnah, chief Aliah, chief Jetheth,


1 Chronicles 1:52  52 Chief Aholibamah, Chief Elah, Chief Pinon,

   YLT  52chief Aholibamah, chief Elah, chief Pinon,


1 Chronicles 1:53  53 Chief Kenaz, Chief Teman, Chief Mibzar,

   YLT  53chief Kenaz, chief Teman, chief Mibzar,


1 Chronicles 1:54  54 Chief Magdiel, and Chief Iram. These were the chiefs of Edom.

   YLT  54chief Magdiel, chief Iram. These [are] chiefs of Edom.


──John Gill’s Exposition of the Bible


New King James Version (NKJV)


  1. 1 Chronicles 1:2 Hebrew Qenan
  2. 1 Chronicles 1:4 Following Masoretic Text and Vulgate; Septuagint adds the sons of Noah.
  3. 1 Chronicles 1:6 Spelled Riphath in Genesis 10:3
  4. 1 Chronicles 1:7 Spelled Tarshish in Genesis 10:4
  5. 1 Chronicles 1:7 Spelled Dodanim in Genesis 10:4
  6. 1 Chronicles 1:9 Spelled Sabtah in Genesis 10:7
  7. 1 Chronicles 1:9 Spelled Raamah in Genesis 10:7
  8. 1 Chronicles 1:17 Spelled Mash in Genesis 10:23
  9. 1 Chronicles 1:19 Literally Division
  10. 1 Chronicles 1:22 Spelled Obal in Genesis 10:28
  11. 1 Chronicles 1:30 Spelled Hadar in Genesis 25:15
  12. 1 Chronicles 1:36 Spelled Zepho in Genesis 36:11
  13. 1 Chronicles 1:36 Compare Genesis 36:12
  14. 1 Chronicles 1:40 Spelled Alvan in Genesis 36:23
  15. 1 Chronicles 1:40 Spelled Shepho in Genesis 36:23
  16. 1 Chronicles 1:41 Spelled Hemdan in Genesis 36:26
  17. 1 Chronicles 1:42 Spelled Akan in Genesis 36:27
  18. 1 Chronicles 1:50 Spelled Hadar in Genesis 36:39
  19. 1 Chronicles 1:50 Spelled Pau in Genesis 36:39
  20. 1 Chronicles 1:51 Spelled Alvah in Genesis 36:40