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1 Chronicles Chapter Three


1 Chronicles 3 Outline of Contents

The Family of David (v.1~9)

The Family of Solomon (v.10~16)

The Family of Jeconiah (v.17~24)

New King James Version (NKJV)



This chapter gives an account of the sons of David, born to him both in Hebron and in Jerusalem, 1 Chronicles 3:1, and of his successors in the kingdom, to the Babylonish captivity, 1 Chronicles 3:10, and of his family, to the coming of the Messiah, 1 Chronicles 3:17.


1 Chronicles 3:1  Now these were the sons of David who were born to him in Hebron: The firstborn was Amnon, by Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second, Daniel,[a] by Abigail the Carmelitess;

   YLT  1And these were sons of David, who were born to him in Hebron: the first-born Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; second Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess;

Verses 1-4

Now these were the sons of David,.... The six following born in Hebron, who are reckoned in the same order as in 2 Samuel 3:2, only here the second son is called Daniel, who there goes by the name of Chileab; he had two names, the reason of which see there; and here David's wife, Eglah, is said in the Targum to be Michal, Saul's daughter; see Gill on 2 Samuel 3:5, to which is added an account of his reign both in Hebron and Jerusalem, agreeably to 2 Samuel 5:5.


1 Chronicles 3:2  2 the third, Absalom the son of Maacah, the daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur; the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith;

   YLT  2the third Absalom, son of Maachah daughter of Talmai king of Geshur; the fourth Adonijah, son of Haggith;


1 Chronicles 3:3  3 the fifth, Shephatiah, by Abital; the sixth, Ithream, by his wife Eglah.

   YLT  3the fifth Shephatiah, of Abital; the sixth Ithream, of Eglah his wife.


1 Chronicles 3:4  4 These six were born to him in Hebron. There he reigned seven years and six months, and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty-three years.

   YLT  4Six have been borne to him in Hebron, and he reigneth there seven years and six months, and thirty and three years he hath reigned in Jerusalem.


1 Chronicles 3:5  5 And these were born to him in Jerusalem: Shimea,[b] Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon—four by Bathshua[c] the daughter of Ammiel.[d]

   YLT  5And these were born to him in Jerusalem: Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon -- four, of Bath-Sheba daughter of Ammiel:

Verses 5-8

And these were born unto him in Jerusalem,.... Whose names follow, in all nine; there are but seven mentioned in 2 Samuel 5:14 the reason of which see in the notes there; See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:14. See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:15. See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:16. it may be observed that Bathsheba is here called Bathshua, and her father Ammiel, whose name is Eliam in 2 Samuel 11:3, names of much the same signification.


1 Chronicles 3:6  6 Also there were Ibhar, Elishama,[e] Eliphelet,[f]

   YLT  6also Ibhar, and Elishama, and Eliphelet,


1 Chronicles 3:7  7 Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia,

   YLT  7and Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia,


1 Chronicles 3:8  8 Elishama, Eliada,[g] and Eliphelet—nine in all.

   YLT  8and Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphelet, nine.


1 Chronicles 3:9  9 These were all the sons of David, besides the sons of the concubines, and Tamar their sister.

   YLT  9All [are] sons of David, apart from sons of the concubines, and Tamar their sister.

These were all the sons of David,.... By his wives:

beside the sons of the concubines; who are not reckoned, and how many they were is not known; he had ten concubines at least, 2 Samuel 15:16 and 2 Samuel 20:3.

And Tamar their sister; not the sister of the sons of the concubines, but of his other sons, and only of Absalom by the mother's side, of whom see 2 Samuel 13:1.


1 Chronicles 3:10  10 Solomon’s son was Rehoboam; Abijah[h] was his son, Asa his son, Jehoshaphat his son,

   YLT  10And the son of Solomon [is] Rehoboam, Abijah his son, Asa his son, Jehoshaphat his son,

Verses 10-14

And Solomon's son was Rehoboam,.... From hence to the end of the fourteenth verse, David's successors are reckoned, according to the order of their reign, unto Josiah and his sons:

Solomon, Rehoboam, Abia, Asa, Jehoshaphat, Joram, Ahaziah, Joash, Amaziah, Azariah, Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh, Amon, Josiah, in all sixteen.


1 Chronicles 3:11  11 Joram[i] his son, Ahaziah his son, Joash[j] his son,

   YLT  11Joram his son, Ahaziah his son, Joash his son,


1 Chronicles 3:12  12 Amaziah his son, Azariah[k] his son, Jotham his son,

   YLT  12Amaziah his son, Azariah his son, Jotham his son,


1 Chronicles 3:13  13 Ahaz his son, Hezekiah his son, Manasseh his son,

   YLT  13Ahaz his son, Hezekiah his son, Manasseh his son,


1 Chronicles 3:14  14 Amon his son, and Josiah his son.

   YLT  14Amon his son, Josiah his son.


1 Chronicles 3:15  15 The sons of Josiah were Johanan the firstborn, the second Jehoiakim, the third Zedekiah, and the fourth Shallum.[l]

   YLT  15And sons of Josiah: the first-born Johanan, the second Jehoiakim, the third Zedekiah, the fourth Shallum.

And the sons of Josiah were, the firstborn Johanan,.... Of whom we nowhere else read; he probably died before his father Josiah:

the second Jehoiakim: whose name was Eliakim, changed for the former by the king of Egypt, when, he deposed his younger brother, and set him on the throne, 2 Kings 23:24.

the third Zedekiah; whose name was Mattaniah, but changed by the king of Babylon, when he placed him on the throne in the room of his brother's son, 2 Kings 24:17,

the fourth Shallum: the same with Jehoahaz, who was first made king in the room of his father; but reigning so short a time, and making so mean a figure, is mentioned last, see Jeremiah 22:11.


1 Chronicles 3:16  16 The sons of Jehoiakim were Jeconiah his son and Zedekiah[m] his son.

   YLT  16And sons of Jehoiakim: Jeconiah his son, Zedekiah his son.

And the sons of Jehoiakim; Jeconiah his son, Zedekiah his son. This is not the Zedekiah mentioned in the preceding verse; for he was not the son but the uncle of Jeconiah, unless he should be called his son because he succeeded him in the kingdom; but he seems to be another of that name, nowhere else mentioned, and not the son of Jeconiah in any sense; he is not reckoned among them in the following verses, but of Jehoiakim.


1 Chronicles 3:17  17 And the sons of Jeconiah[n] were Assir,[o] Shealtiel his son,

   YLT  17And sons of Jeconiah: Assir; Salathiel his son;

And the sons of Jeconiah,.... For though he was pronounced childless, Jeremiah 22:30, that respects not his having no children in any sense, but none to succeed him in the kingdom:

Assir; which signifies bound, or a prisoner, because, as Kimchi thinks, he was born in a prison, his father then being a captive in Babylon; but rather it refers to Jeconiah himself, and is an appellation of him, and to be rendered:

the sons of Jeconiah the captive: which agrees best with the Hebrew accents:

Salathiel his son; the same that is called Shealtiel, Haggai 1:1 who was both the proper son of Jeconiah, and who succeeded him, as some think, in the honour and dignity the king of Babylon raised him to.


1 Chronicles 3:18  18 and Malchiram, Pedaiah, Shenazzar, Jecamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah.

   YLT  18also Malchiram and Pedaiah, and Shenazzar, Jecamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah.

Malchiram also,.... That is, was a son of Jeconiah as well as Salathiel, and so the rest that follow:

and Pedaiah, and Shenazar, Jecamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah; Kimchi says these were the sons of Salathiel; but I rather think they were the sons of Jeconiah, and brethren of Salathiel, because of what follows.


1 Chronicles 3:19  19 The sons of Pedaiah were Zerubbabel and Shimei. The sons of Zerubbabel were Meshullam, Hananiah, Shelomith their sister,

   YLT  19And sons of Pedaiah: Zerubbabel, and Shimei. And sons of Zerubbabel: Meshullam, and Hananiah, and Shelomith their sister,

Verses 19-24

And the sons of Pedaiah were, Zerubbabel and Shimei,.... Here arises a difficulty, since elsewhere Zerubbabel is said to be the son of Shealtiel, Haggai 1:1 some think this is not the same Zerubbabel here as there; so GrotiusF21In Luc. 3. ; but I see no reason for that; but this difficulty may be removed by observing, that if Pedaiah was a son of Salathiel, as Kimchi thinks, then Zerubbabel, being his grandson, may be called his son, as grandsons are sometimes called sons in Scripture; or rather, Salathiel, having no children, adopted Zerubbabel, his brother's son, and made him successor in the government; so that he was the son of Pedaiah by birth, and of Salathiel by adoption; or else Salathiel dying without children, his brother Pedaiah, according to the law, married his widow, and by her had Zerubbabel, who was the proper son of Pedaiah, and the legal son of Salathiel:

and the sons of Zerubbabel; Meshullam: who is called Abiud, Matthew 1:13 another son of his, with their father, is mentioned in this verse, and five more in the next. From hence to the end of the chapter, the genealogy is carried on from the captivity of Babylon, out of which Zerubbabel came, to the coming of Christ; and if Ezra was the writer of this book, as is generally thought, who was contemporary with Zerubbabel, this account must be written by another hand: and it may be observed, that it is carried on in the same number of generations as in Matthew; and here it stands thus:

Zerubbabel, Hananiah, Jesaiah, Rephaiah, Arnan, Obadiah, Shecaniah, Shemaiah, Neariah, Elioenai, Anani; in Matthew thus, "Zerubbabel, Abiud, Eliakim, Azor, Sadoc, Achim, Eliud, Eleazar, Matthan, Jacob, Joseph"; the difference in names may be accounted for by their having two names; and it is remarkable that the Targum makes Anani to be the King Messiah, who was to be revealed; which, though it makes one generation less to his time, yet plainly shows that the Jews expected the Messiah to come at the end of this genealogy, and about the time Jesus the true Messiah did. Anani is reckoned by other Jews a name of the Messiah, who is said to come in the clouds of heaven, which "Anani" signifies; see Gill on Daniel 7:13.


1 Chronicles 3:20  20 and Hashubah, Ohel, Berechiah, Hasadiah, and Jushab-Hesed—five in all.

   YLT  20and Hashubah, and Ohel, and Berechiah, and Hasadiah, Jushab-Hesed, five.


1 Chronicles 3:21  21 The sons of Hananiah were Pelatiah and Jeshaiah, the sons of Rephaiah, the sons of Arnan, the sons of Obadiah, and the sons of Shechaniah.

   YLT  21And sons of Hananiah: Pelatiah, and Jesaiah, sons of Rephaiah, sons of Arnan, sons of Obadiah, sons of Shechaniah.


1 Chronicles 3:22  22 The son of Shechaniah was Shemaiah. The sons of Shemaiah were Hattush, Igal, Bariah, Neariah, and Shaphat—six in all.

   YLT  22And sons of Shechaniah: Shemaiah; and sons of Shemaiah: Hattush, and Igeal, and Bariah, and Neariah, and Shaphat, six.


1 Chronicles 3:23  23 The sons of Neariah were Elioenai, Hezekiah, and Azrikam—three in all.

   YLT  23And sons of Neariah: Elioenai, and Hezekiah, and Azrikam, three.


1 Chronicles 3:24  24 The sons of Elioenai were Hodaviah, Eliashib, Pelaiah, Akkub, Johanan, Delaiah, and Anani—seven in all.

   YLT  24And sons of Elioenai: Hodaiah, and Eliashib, and Pelaiah, and Akkub, and Johanan, and Delaiah, and Anani, seven.


──John Gill’s Exposition of the Bible


New King James Version (NKJV)


  1. 1 Chronicles 3:1 Called Chileab in 2 Samuel 3:3
  2. 1 Chronicles 3:5 Spelled Shammua in 14:4 and 2 Samuel 5:14
  3. 1 Chronicles 3:5 Spelled Bathsheba in 2 Samuel 11:3
  4. 1 Chronicles 3:5 Called Eliam in 2 Samuel 11:3
  5. 1 Chronicles 3:6 Spelled Elishua in 14:5 and 2 Samuel 5:15
  6. 1 Chronicles 3:6 Spelled Elpelet in 14:5
  7. 1 Chronicles 3:8 Spelled Beeliada in 14:7
  8. 1 Chronicles 3:10 Spelled Abijam in 1 Kings 15:1
  9. 1 Chronicles 3:11 Spelled Jehoram in 2 Kings 1:17 and 8:16
  10. 1 Chronicles 3:11 Spelled Jehoash in 2 Kings 12:1
  11. 1 Chronicles 3:12 Called Uzziah in Isaiah 6:1
  12. 1 Chronicles 3:15 Called Jehoahaz in 2 Kings 23:31
  13. 1 Chronicles 3:16 Compare 2 Kings 24:17
  14. 1 Chronicles 3:17 Also called Coniah in Jeremiah 22:24 and Jehoiachin in 2 Kings 24:8
  15. 1 Chronicles 3:17 Or Jeconiah the captive were