1 Chronicles Chapter Eight
New King James Version (NKJV)
INTRODUCTION TO 1 CHRONICLES 8
In this chapter the genealogy of the tribe of Benjamin is reconsidered, and several of the principal men and families in it are taken notice of, which were not before; or a further account is given of them, as of the sons and grandsons of Benjamin, 1 Chronicles 8:1, of Ehud, 1 Chronicles 8:5, of Shaharaim, 1 Chronicles 8:8, of Elpaal and Beriah, 1 Chronicles 8:12 of Shimhi, 1 Chronicles 8:19, of Shashak, 1 Chronicles 8:22, of Jeroham, 1 Chronicles 8:26, of Jehiel the father of Gibeon, 1 Chronicles 8:28, of Ner, and particularly Saul, 1 Chronicles 8:33 and of Jonathan, and his posterity, 1 Chronicles 8:34.
1 Chronicles 8:1 Now Benjamin begot Bela his firstborn, Ashbel the second, Aharah[a] the third,
YLT 1And Benjamin begat Bela his first-born, Ashbel the second, and Aharah the third,
Now Benjamin begat Bela his firstborn,.... See 1 Chronicles 7:6. The genealogy of the tribe of Benjamin is reviewed, because it joined and kept close with Judah in the worship of God, went into captivity, and returned out of it with it; and this review is made chiefly for the sake of Saul, and his posterity, the first king of Israel, who was of it, and in whose posterity this genealogy ends:
1 Chronicles 8:2 2 Nohah the fourth, and Rapha the fifth.
YLT 2Nohah the fourth, and Rapha the fifth.
1 Chronicles 8:3 3 The sons of Bela were Addar,[b] Gera, Abihud,
YLT 3And there are sons to Bela: Addar, and Gera,
The sons of Bela were Addar, and Gera, and Abihud. The first of these is thought to be the same with Ard, mentioned among the sons of Benjamin, Genesis 46:21 but was one of his grandsons, see Numbers 26:40 as Gera also was.
1 Chronicles 8:4 4 Abishua, Naaman, Ahoah,
YLT 4and Abihud, and Abishua, and Naaman, and Ahoah,
And Abishua, and Naaman, and Ahoah, and Gera, and Shephuphan, and Huram. These were all the sons of Bela; one of the name of Naaman is reckoned among the sons of Benjamin, Genesis 46:21 and from this grandson the family of the Naamanites are named, Numbers 26:40, and Ahoah is by some thought to be the same with Ehi, mentioned in Genesis 46:21 as one of Benjamin's sons. Some take the three last to be the sons of Ehud, spoken of in the next verse; but Shephuphan and Huram seem to be the same with Shupham and Hupham, Numbers 26:39.
1 Chronicles 8:5 5 Gera, Shephuphan, and Huram.
YLT 5and Gera, and Shephuphan, and Huram.
1 Chronicles 8:6 6 These are the sons of Ehud, who were the heads of the fathers’ houses of the inhabitants of Geba, and who forced them to move to Manahath:
YLT 6And these [are] sons of Ehud: they are heads of fathers to the inhabitants of Geba, and they remove them unto Manahath;
And these are the sons of Ehud,.... Not he that was a judge in Israel, Judges 3:15 but perhaps a son of Huram the last mentioned; for not the three last are his sons, as some think, but the three following in the next verse; what follows being to be read in a parenthesis:
(these are the heads of the fathers of the inhabitants of Geba;) a city in the tribe of Benjamin, Joshua 18:24 namely, those sons of Ehud, after mentioned, were principal men in that tribe, and chief of the inhabitants of the city of Geba:
and they removed them to Manahath; the name of a country referred to in 1 Chronicles 2:52 according to Jarchi, which was in the tribe of Judah; Geba being too small, either the inhabitants of Geba removed them, or they removed themselves, or their fathers removed them, 1 Chronicles 8:7, or it may be read impersonally, they were removed thither for the sake of a better habitation; the Targum adds,"to the land of the house of Esau,'to Edom; which is not likely.
1 Chronicles 8:7 7 Naaman, Ahijah, and Gera who forced them to move. He begot Uzza and Ahihud.
YLT 7and Naaman, and Ahiah, and Gera, he removed them, and begat Uzza and Ahihud.
And Naaman, and Ahiah, and Gera,.... Or, to wit, Naaman, &c. so the words are to be connected with
these are the sons or Ehud, in the preceding verse:
he removed them; to the above place, that is, either Gera, or rather Ehud, he advised them, directed and enjoined them to go thither, as being most convenient for them:
and he begat Uzza and Ahihud; after he had removed his other sons.
1 Chronicles 8:8 8 Also Shaharaim had children in the country of Moab, after he had sent away Hushim and Baara his wives.
YLT 8And Shaharaim begat in the field of Moab, after his sending them away; Hushim and Baara [are] his wives.
And Shaharaim,.... Who was either a son of Ahihud, or rather a brother of his, another son of Ehud:
begat children in the country of Moab; whither he might go on account of the famine, as Elimelech did, 1:1, after he had sent them away; which some understand of those that were removed from Geba to Manahath, 1 Chronicles 8:6, but a different word is here used; and besides Shaharaim seems to be one of those that were removed. Kimchi takes Shilhootham, we render "had sent them away", to be the name of his first wife, of whom he begat children in Moab; but it seems best to render and interpret the words in connection with what follows: he begat children in Moab:
after he had sent them away; even Hushim and Baara his wives; after he had divorced them, for some reasons he had, he begat children of another wife, later mentioned.
1 Chronicles 8:9 9 By Hodesh his wife he begot Jobab, Zibia, Mesha, Malcam,
YLT 9And he begetteth of Hodesh his wife, Jobab, and Zibia, and Mesha, and Malcham,
And he begat of Hodesh his wife,.... That is, he, I say, begat, namely, Shaharaim; the Targum makes this Hodesh to be the same with Baara, called so because she was newly espoused; but wrongly: the sons begotten of her were the seven following;
Jobab, Zibia, Mesha, Malcham, Jeuz, Shachia, and Mirma. These were his sons; the sons of Shaharaim by his wife Hodesh:
heads of the fathers; of the houses or families of their father.
1 Chronicles 8:10 10 Jeuz, Sachiah, and Mirmah. These were his sons, heads of their fathers’ houses.
YLT 10and Jeuz, and Shachiah, and Mirmah. These [are] his sons, heads of fathers.
And of Hushim he begat Abitub, and Elpaal. Before he sent her away, or divorced her, 1 Chronicles 8:8.
1 Chronicles 8:11 11 And by Hushim he begot Abitub and Elpaal.
YLT 11And of Hushim he begat Ahitub and Elpaal.
1 Chronicles 8:12 12 The sons of Elpaal were Eber, Misham, and Shemed, who built Ono and Lod with its towns;
YLT 12And sons of Elpaal: Eber, and Misheam, and Shamer, (he built Ono and Lod and its small towns),
The sons of Elpaal; Eber, and Misham, and Shamed,.... Besides those in 1 Chronicles 8:14.
who built Ono, and Lod, with the towns thereof; not Shamed, but Elpaal his father, so the Targum; and the Talmudists sayF15T. Hieros. Megillah, fol. 70. 1. & T. Bab Megillah, fol. 4. 1. So the Targum. , these were walled cities from the days of Joshua the son of Nun, and were destroyed in the days of the concubine in Gibea, and Elpaal came and rebuilt them; they were inhabited by the Benjaminites, upon their return from the Babylonish captivity, Nehemiah 11:35 they were near to each other; according to a Jewish chronologerF16Juchasin, fol. 39. 2. , it was three miles from the one to the other; Lod is the same with Lydda, in Acts 9:32.
1 Chronicles 8:13 13 and Beriah and Shema, who were heads of their fathers’ houses of the inhabitants of Aijalon, who drove out the inhabitants of Gath.
YLT 13and Beriah and Shema, (they [are] the heads of fathers to the inhabitants of Aijalon -- they caused to flee the inhabitants of Gath),
Beriah also, and Shema,.... These were sons of Elpaal:
who were heads of the fathers of the inhabitants of Aijalon; which, though in the tribe of Dan, Joshua 19:42 might afterwards come into the possession of Benjamin; or this may be another place of the same name in Benjamin; or, however, might be inhabited by Benjaminites, upon the return from captivity, who descended from those men:
who drove away the inhabitants of Gath; dispossessed them of their city, in revenge for what they had done to the Ephraimites, 1 Chronicles 7:21.
1 Chronicles 8:14 14 Ahio, Shashak, Jeremoth,
YLT 14and Ahio, Shashak, and Jeremoth,
And Ahio, Shashak, and Jerimoth. These were also sons of Elpaal.
1 Chronicles 8:15 15 Zebadiah, Arad, Eder,
YLT 15and Zebadiah, and Arad, and Ader,
And Zebadiah,.... And all that follow in this and the next verse were the sons of Beriah the son of Elpaal; namely:
Arad, Ader, Michael, Ispah, and Joha.
1 Chronicles 8:16 16 Michael, Ispah, and Joha were the sons of Beriah.
YLT 16and Michael, and Ispah, and Joha, sons of Beriah,
1 Chronicles 8:17 17 Zebadiah, Meshullam, Hizki, Heber,
YLT 17and Zebadiah, and Meshullam, and Hezeki, and Heber,
And Zebadiah, and Meshullam,.... These, with those that follow:
Hezeki, Heber, Ishmerai, Jezliah, and Jobab, were the sons of Elpaal
1 Chronicles 8:18 18 Ishmerai, Jizliah, and Jobab were the sons of Elpaal.
YLT 18and Ishmerai, and Jezliah, and Jobab, sons of Elpaal;
1 Chronicles 8:19 19 Jakim, Zichri, Zabdi,
YLT 19And Jakim, and Zichri, and Zabdi,
And Jakim,.... With all the rest in these verses, namely:
Zichri, Zabdi, Elienai, Zilthai, Eliel, Adaiah, Beraiah, and Shimrath, were the sons of Shimhi, the same with Shema brother of Beriah, and son of Elpaal, 1 Chronicles 8:13.
1 Chronicles 8:20 20 Elienai, Zillethai, Eliel,
YLT 20and Elienai, and Zillethai, and Eliel,
1 Chronicles 8:21 21 Adaiah, Beraiah, and Shimrath were the sons of Shimei.
YLT 21and Adaiah, and Beraiah, and Shimrath, sons of Shimei;
1 Chronicles 8:22 22 Ishpan, Eber, Eliel,
YLT 22And Ishpan, and Heber, and Eliel,
And Ishpan, and Heber,.... And all that follow to the end of these verses:
Eliel, Abdon, Zichri, Hanan, Hananiah, Elam, Antothijah, Iphedeiah, and Penuel, were the sons of Shashak, another son of Elpaal, 1 Chronicles 8:14.
1 Chronicles 8:23 23 Abdon, Zichri, Hanan,
YLT 23and Abdon, and Zichri, and Hanan,
1 Chronicles 8:24 24 Hananiah, Elam, Antothijah,
YLT 24and Hananiah, and Elam, and Antothijah,
1 Chronicles 8:25 25 Iphdeiah, and Penuel were the sons of Shashak.
YLT 25and Iphedeiah, and Penuel, sons of Shashak;
1 Chronicles 8:26 26 Shamsherai, Shehariah, Athaliah,
YLT 26And Shamsherai, and Shehariah, and Athaliah,
And Shamsherai,.... Who, with those next mentioned:
Shehariah, Athaliah, Jaresiah, Eliah, and Zichri, were the sons of Jeroham, who perhaps is the same with Jerimoth, another son of Elpaal, 1 Chronicles 8:14 who makes a considerable figure in this genealogy. Kimchi observes that it is a traditionF17Shemoth Rabba, sect. 40. fol. 138. 4. that this Eliah is Elijah the prophet, who was of the seed of Rachel.
1 Chronicles 8:27 27 Jaareshiah, Elijah, and Zichri were the sons of Jeroham.
YLT 27and Jaareshiah, and Eliah, and Zichri, sons of Jeroham.
1 Chronicles 8:28 28 These were heads of the fathers’ houses by their generations, chief men. These dwelt in Jerusalem.
YLT 28These [are] heads of fathers, by their generations, heads; these dwelt in Jerusalem.
These were heads of the fathers, by their generations, chief men,.... All from 1 Chronicles 8:14, the sons of Elpaal and their sons:
these dwelt in Jerusalem; part of which always belonged to the tribe of Benjamin, see Joshua 15:63.
1 Chronicles 8:29 29 Now the father of Gibeon, whose wife’s name was Maacah, dwelt at Gibeon.
YLT 29And in Gibeon hath the father of Gibeon dwelt, and the name of his wife [is] Maachah;
(whose wife's name was Maachah;) of which name were many, see 1 Chronicles 2:48.
1 Chronicles 8:30 30 And his firstborn son was Abdon, then Zur, Kish, Baal, Nadab,
YLT 30and his son, the first-born, [is] Abdon, and Zur, and Kish, and Baal, and Nadab,
And his firstborn son Abdon,.... That is, Jehiel's, the father or prince of Gibeon; other sons follow:
Zur, Kish, Baal, Nadab, Gedor, Ahio, and Zacher; called Zechariah, 1 Chronicles 9:37 and between Baal and Nadab, Ner is placed, 1 Chronicles 9:36 and another son is added at the end of 1 Chronicles 9:37, Mikloth next mentioned.
1 Chronicles 8:31 31 Gedor, Ahio, Zecher,
YLT 31and Gedor, and Ahio, and Zacher;
1 Chronicles 8:32 32 and Mikloth, who begot Shimeah.[c] They also dwelt alongside their relatives in Jerusalem, with their brethren.
YLT 32and Mikloth begat Shimeah. And they also over-against their brethren dwelt in Jerusalem with their brethren.
And Mikloth begat Shimeah,.... Called Shimeam, 1 Chronicles 9:38.
and these also dwelt with their brethren in Jerusalem, over against them; in another part of the city, right beside them.
YLT 33And Ner begat Kish, and Kish begat Saul, and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchi-Shua, and Abinadab, and Esh-Baal.
And Ner begat Kish,.... Who also is called Abiel, as the Targum here adds; for Ner had two names, as other Jewish writers likewise sayF18Vajikra Rabba, sect. 9. fol. 152. 4. , see 1 Samuel 9:1,
and Kish begat Saul; the first king of Israel, for whose sake chiefly the genealogy of Benjamin is revised and enlarged in this chapter:
and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchishua, and Abinadab, and Eshbaal, see 1 Samuel 31:2. Abinadab is called Ishui, 1 Samuel 14:49 and Eshbaal is the same with Ishbosheth, 2 Samuel 2:8, so Baal and Bosheth are used of the same idol of which they are names, Hosea 9:10.
1 Chronicles 8:34 34 The son of Jonathan was Merib-Baal,[g] and Merib-Baal begot Micah.
YLT 34And a son of Jonathan [is] Merib-Baal, and Merib-Baal begat Micah;
and Meribbaal begat Micah; called his young son in David's time, 2 Samuel 9:12.
1 Chronicles 8:35 35 The sons of Micah were Pithon, Melech, Tarea, and Ahaz.
YLT 35and sons of Micah: Pithon, and Melech, and Tarea, and Ahaz:
And the sons of Micah were, Pithon, and Melech, and Tarea, and Ahaz. The last but one is called Tahrea, 1 Chronicles 9:41, where Ahaz is left out, though supplied in our version.
1 Chronicles 8:36 36 And Ahaz begot Jehoaddah;[h] Jehoaddah begot Alemeth, Azmaveth, and Zimri; and Zimri begot Moza.
YLT 36and Ahaz begat Jehoadah, and Jehoadah begat Alemeth, and Azmaveth, and Zimri; and Zimri begat Moza,
And Ahaz begat Jehoadah,.... Called Jarah, 1 Chronicles 9:42.
and Jehoadah begat Alemeth, and Azmaveth, and Zimri; and Zimri begat Moza; the same account is given, 1 Chronicles 9:42.
1 Chronicles 8:37 37 Moza begot Binea, Raphah[i] his son, Eleasah his son, and Azel his son.
YLT 37and Moza begat Binea, Raphah [is] his son, Eleasah his son, Azel his son.
And Moza begat Binea; Rapha was his son,.... Called Rephaiah, 1 Chronicles 9:43.
Elasah his son; whose name is Eleasah, 1 Chronicles 9:43.
Azel his son.
1 Chronicles 8:38 38 Azel had six sons whose names were these: Azrikam, Bocheru, Ishmael, Sheariah, Obadiah, and Hanan. All these were the sons of Azel.
YLT 38And to Azel [are] six sons, and these [are] their names: Azrikam, Bocheru, and Ishmael, and Sheariah, and Obadiah, and Hanan. All these [are] sons of Azel.
And Azel had six sons, whose names are these, Azrikam, Bochim, Ishmael, Sheariah, Obadiah, and Hanan,.... Which make the said number:
all these were the sons of Azel; his family was large.
1 Chronicles 8:39 39 And the sons of Eshek his brother were Ulam his firstborn, Jeush the second, and Eliphelet the third.
YLT 39And sons of Eshek his brother: Ulam his first-born, Jehush the second, and Eliphelet the third.
And the sons of Eshek his brother,.... The brother of Azel; who he was is not known, unless he is the same with Elasah, as is conjectured:
were Ulam his firstborn, Jehush the second, and Eliphelet the third.
1 Chronicles 8:40 40 The sons of Ulam were mighty men of valor—archers. They had many sons and grandsons, one hundred and fifty in all. These were all sons of Benjamin.
YLT 40And the sons of Ulam are men mighty in valour, treading bow, and multiplying sons and son's sons, a hundred and fifty. All these [are] of the sons of Benjamin.
And the sons of Ulam were mighty men of valour,.... Men of great fortitude and courage, though their names are not expressed:
archers; skilful in the use of the bow and arrows, as the Benjaminites formerly were famous for slinging stones:
and had many sons, and sons' sons, an hundred and fifty; so that the posterity of Jonathan, whose genealogy is drawn down from 1 Chronicles 8:34 hither, were very great; and greater still, according to the Vulgate Latin version, in which the number is 150,000 in the edition of Sixtus the fifth, and so in most MSS of that versionF19See James of the Contrariety of the Popish Bibles, p. 294. .
all these are of the sons of Benjamin; his posterity, whose names are given in this chapter.
──《John Gill’s Exposition of the Bible》
New King James Version (NKJV)