1 Chronicles Chapter Eleven
New King James Version (NKJV)
INTRODUCTION TO 1 CHRONICLES 11
This chapter treats of David's being anointed king by all Israel, 1 Chronicles 11:1, which agrees with 2 Samuel 5:1 See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:1 See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:2 See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:3 and of his taking Jerusalem from the Jebusites, 1 Chronicles 11:4 the account of which we have 2 Samuel 5:6. See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:6 See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:7 See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:8 See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:9 See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:10 only here we are told, that it was Joab that smote the Jebusites first, and so was made chief captain according to David's promise; and that he also repaired the rest of the city David built round about; perhaps the fortifications demolished in taking it, 1 Chronicles 11:6 or rather, as others give the sense, he "saved alive"F2יחיה את שאר "vivas conservavit urbis reliquias", Junius & Tremellius; Strigelius in Poli Synops. in loc. those that remained in the city, after he had slain the lame and the blind; though a learnedF4Dr. Kennicot's State of the Hebrew Text, dissert. 1. p. 54. writer conjectures it should be read, "and Joab יהיה was made שר the governor of the city"; and the Targum is,"Joab governed the rest of the city.'And then follows an account of David's mighty men and worthies, 1 Chronicles 11:10 of whom see the notes on 2 Samuel 23:8, 2 Samuel 23:9, 2 Samuel 23:10, 2 Samuel 23:11, 2 Samuel 23:12, 2 Samuel 23:13, 2 Samuel 23:14, 2 Samuel 23:15, 2 Samuel 23:16, 2 Samuel 23:17, 2 Samuel 23:18, 2 Samuel 23:19, 2 Samuel 23:20, 2 Samuel 23:21, 2 Samuel 23:22, 2 Samuel 23:23, 2 Samuel 23:24, 2 Samuel 23:25, 2 Samuel 23:26, 2 Samuel 23:27, 2 Samuel 23:28, 2 Samuel 23:29, 2 Samuel 23:30, 2 Samuel 23:31, 2 Samuel 23:32, 2 Samuel 23:33, 2 Samuel 23:34, 2 Samuel 23:35, 2 Samuel 23:36, 2 Samuel 23:37, 2 Samuel 23:38, 2 Samuel 23:39 and others are added here, 1 Chronicles 11:42 of whom we know no more than their names.
1 Chronicles 11:1 Then all Israel came together to David at Hebron, saying, “Indeed we are your bone and your flesh.
YLT 1And gathered are all Israel unto David to Hebron, saying, `Lo, thy bone and thy flesh [are] we;
1 Chronicles 11:2 2 Also, in time past, even when Saul was king, you were the one who led Israel out and brought them in; and the Lord your God said to you, ‘You shall shepherd My people Israel, and be ruler over My people Israel.’”
YLT 2even in time past, even in Saul's being king, it is thou who art taking out and bringing in Israel, and Jehovah thy God saith to thee: Thou dost feed My people Israel, and thou art leader over My people Israel.'
1 Chronicles 11:3 3 Therefore all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, and David made a covenant with them at Hebron before the Lord. And they anointed David king over Israel, according to the word of the Lord by Samuel.
YLT 3And all the elders of Israel come in unto the king to Hebron, and David maketh with them a covenant in Hebron before Jehovah, and they anoint David for king over Israel, according to the word of Jehovah by the hand of Samuel.
1 Chronicles 11:4 4 And David and all Israel went to Jerusalem, which is Jebus, where the Jebusites were, the inhabitants of the land.
YLT 4And David goeth, and all Israel, to Jerusalem -- it [is] Jebus -- and there the Jebusite, the inhabitants of the land.
1 Chronicles 11:5 5 But the inhabitants of Jebus said to David, “You shall not come in here!” Nevertheless David took the stronghold of Zion (that is, the City of David).
YLT 5And the inhabitants of Jebus say to David, `Thou dost not come in hither;' and David captureth the fortress of Zion -- it [is] the city of David.
1 Chronicles 11:6 6 Now David said, “Whoever attacks the Jebusites first shall be chief and captain.” And Joab the son of Zeruiah went up first, and became chief.
YLT 6And David saith, `Whoever smiteth the Jebusite first doth become head and prince;' and go up first doth Joab son of Zeruiah and becometh head.
1 Chronicles 11:7 7 Then David dwelt in the stronghold; therefore they called it the City of David.
YLT 7And David dwelleth in the fortress, therefore they have called it, `City of David;'
1 Chronicles 11:8 8 And he built the city around it, from the Millo[a] to the surrounding area. Joab repaired the rest of the city.
YLT 8and he buildeth the city round about, from Millo, and unto the circumference, and Joab restoreth the rest of the city.
1 Chronicles 11:9 9 So David went on and became great, and the Lord of hosts was with him.
YLT 9And David goeth, going on and becoming great, and Jehovah of Hosts [is] with him.
1 Chronicles 11:10 10 Now these were the heads of the mighty men whom David had, who strengthened themselves with him in his kingdom, with all Israel, to make him king, according to the word of the Lord concerning Israel.
YLT 10And these [are] heads of the mighty ones whom David hath, who are strengthening themselves with him in his kingdom, with all Israel, to cause him to reign, according to the word of Jehovah, over Israel.
1 Chronicles 11:11 11 And this is the number of the mighty men whom David had: Jashobeam the son of a Hachmonite, chief of the captains;[b] he had lifted up his spear against three hundred, killed by him at one time.
YLT 11And this [is] an account of the mighty ones whom David hath: Jashobeam son of a Hachmonite [is] head of the thirty; he is lifting up his spear against three hundred -- wounded, at one time.
1 Chronicles 11:12 12 After him was Eleazar the son of Dodo, the Ahohite, who was one of the three mighty men.
YLT 12And after him [is] Eleazar son of Dodo the Ahohite, he [is] among the three mighty;
1 Chronicles 11:13 13 He was with David at Pasdammim. Now there the Philistines were gathered for battle, and there was a piece of ground full of barley. So the people fled from the Philistines.
YLT 13he hath been with David in Pas-Dammim, and the Philistines have been gathered there to battle, and a portion of the field is full of barley, and the people have fled from the face of the Philistines,
1 Chronicles 11:14 14 But they stationed themselves in the middle of that field, defended it, and killed the Philistines. So the Lord brought about a great victory.
YLT 14and they station themselves in the midst of the portion, and deliver it, and smite the Philistines, and Jehovah saveth -- a great salvation.
1 Chronicles 11:15 15 Now three of the thirty chief men went down to the rock to David, into the cave of Adullam; and the army of the Philistines encamped in the Valley of Rephaim.
YLT 15And three of the thirty heads go down on the rock unto David, unto the cave of Adullam, and the host of the Philistines is encamping in the valley of Rephaim,
1 Chronicles 11:16 16 David was then in the stronghold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.
YLT 16and David [is] then in the fortress, and the station of the Philistines [is] then in Beth-Lehem,
1 Chronicles 11:17 17 And David said with longing, “Oh, that someone would give me a drink of water from the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate!”
YLT 17and David longeth, and saith, `Who doth give me to drink water from the well of Beth-Lehem, that [is] at the gate!'
1 Chronicles 11:18 18 So the three broke through the camp of the Philistines, drew water from the well of Bethlehem that was by the gate, and took it and brought it to David. Nevertheless David would not drink it, but poured it out to the Lord.
YLT 18And the three break through the camp of the Philistines, and draw water from the well of Beth-Lehem, that [is] at the gate, and bear and bring in unto David, and David hath not been willing to drink it, and poureth it out to Jehovah,
1 Chronicles 11:19 19 And he said, “Far be it from me, O my God, that I should do this! Shall I drink the blood of these men who have put their lives in jeopardy? For at the risk of their lives they brought it.” Therefore he would not drink it. These things were done by the three mighty men.
YLT 19and saith, `Far be it from me, by my God, to do this; the blood of these men do I drink with their lives? for with their lives they have brought it;' and he was not willing to drink it; these [things] did the three mighty ones.
1 Chronicles 11:20 20 Abishai the brother of Joab was chief of another three.[c] He had lifted up his spear against three hundred men, killed them, and won a name among these three.
YLT 20And Abishai brother of Joab, he hath been head of the three: and he is lifting up his spear against three hundred -- wounded, and hath a name among three.
1 Chronicles 11:21 21 Of the three he was more honored than the other two men. Therefore he became their captain. However he did not attain to the first three.
YLT 21Of the three by the two he is honoured, and becometh their head; and unto the [first] three he hath not come.
1 Chronicles 11:22 22 Benaiah was the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man from Kabzeel, who had done many deeds. He had killed two lion-like heroes of Moab. He also had gone down and killed a lion in the midst of a pit on a snowy day.
YLT 22Benaiah son of Jehoiada, son of a man of valour, of great deeds, from Kabzeel: he hath smitten the two lion-like Moabites, and he hath gone down and smitten the lion in the midst of the pit, in the day of snow.
1 Chronicles 11:23 23 And he killed an Egyptian, a man of great height, five cubits tall. In the Egyptian’s hand there was a spear like a weaver’s beam; and he went down to him with a staff, wrested the spear out of the Egyptian’s hand, and killed him with his own spear.
YLT 23And he hath smitten the man, the Egyptian -- a man of measure, five by the cubit -- and in the hand of the Egyptian [is] a spear like a beam of weavers, and he goeth down unto him with a rod, and taketh violently away the spear out of the hand of the Egyptian, and slayeth him with his own spear.
1 Chronicles 11:24 24 These things Benaiah the son of Jehoiada did, and won a name among three mighty men.
YLT 24These [things] hath Benaiah son of Jehoiada done, and hath a name among the three mighty ones.
1 Chronicles 11:25 25 Indeed he was more honored than the thirty, but he did not attain to the first three. And David appointed him over his guard.
YLT 25Of the thirty, lo, he [is] honoured, and unto the [first] three he hath not come, and David setteth him over his guard.
1 Chronicles 11:26 26 Also the mighty warriors were Asahel the brother of Joab, Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem,
YLT 26And the mighty ones of the forces [are] Asahel brother of Joab, Elhanan son of Dodo of Beth-Lehem,
YLT 27Shammoth the Harorite, Helez the Pelonite,
1 Chronicles 11:28 28 Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite, Abiezer the Anathothite,
YLT 28Ira son of Ikkesh the Tekoite, Abi-Ezer the Annethothite,
1 Chronicles 11:29 29 Sibbechai the Hushathite, Ilai the Ahohite,
YLT 29Sibbecai the Hushathite, Ilai the Ahohite,
1 Chronicles 11:30 30 Maharai the Netophathite, Heled[f] the son of Baanah the Netophathite,
YLT 30Maharai the Netophathite, Heled son of Baanah the Netophathite,
1 Chronicles 11:31 31 Ithai[g] the son of Ribai of Gibeah, of the sons of Benjamin, Benaiah the Pirathonite,
YLT 31Ithai son of Ribai of Gibeah, of the sons of Benjamin, Benaiah the Pirathonite,
YLT 32Hurai of the brooks of Gaash, Abiel the Arbathite,
1 Chronicles 11:33 33 Azmaveth the Baharumite,[j] Eliahba the Shaalbonite,
YLT 33Azmaveth the Baharumite, Eliahba the Shaalbonite,
1 Chronicles 11:34 34 the sons of Hashem the Gizonite, Jonathan the son of Shageh the Hararite,
YLT 34the sons of Hashem the Gizonite, Jonathan son of Shage the Hararite,
1 Chronicles 11:35 35 Ahiam the son of Sacar the Hararite, Eliphal the son of Ur,
YLT 35Ahiam son of Sacar the Hararite, Eliphal son of Ur,
1 Chronicles 11:36 36 Hepher the Mecherathite, Ahijah the Pelonite,
YLT 36Hepher the Mecherathite, Ahijah the Pelonite,
1 Chronicles 11:37 37 Hezro the Carmelite, Naarai the son of Ezbai,
YLT 37Hezor the Carmelite, Naarai son of Ezbai,
1 Chronicles 11:38 38 Joel the brother of Nathan, Mibhar the son of Hagri,
YLT 38Joel brother of Nathan, Mibhar son of Haggeri,
1 Chronicles 11:39 39 Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Berothite[k] (the armorbearer of Joab the son of Zeruiah),
YLT 39Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Berothite, bearer of the weapons of Joab son of Zeruiah,
1 Chronicles 11:40 40 Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite,
YLT 40Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite,
1 Chronicles 11:41 41 Uriah the Hittite, Zabad the son of Ahlai,
YLT 41Uriah the Hittite, Zabad son of Ahlai,
1 Chronicles 11:42 42 Adina the son of Shiza the Reubenite (a chief of the Reubenites) and thirty with him,
YLT 42Adina son of Shiza the Reubenite, head of the Reubenites, and by him thirty,
1 Chronicles 11:43 43 Hanan the son of Maachah, Joshaphat the Mithnite,
YLT 43Hanan son of Maachah, and Joshaphat the Mithnite,
1 Chronicles 11:44 44 Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,
YLT 44Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jehiel sons of Hothan the Aroerite,
1 Chronicles 11:45 45 Jediael the son of Shimri, and Joha his brother, the Tizite,
YLT 45Jediael son of Shimri, and Joha his brother the Tizite,
1 Chronicles 11:46 46 Eliel the Mahavite, Jeribai and Joshaviah the sons of Elnaam, Ithmah the Moabite,
YLT 46Eliel the Mahavite, and Jeribai, and Joshaviah, sons of Elnaam, and Ithmah the Moabite,
1 Chronicles 11:47 47 Eliel, Obed, and Jaasiel the Mezobaite.
YLT 47Eliel, and Obed, and Jaasiel the Mesobaite.
──《John Gill’s Exposition of the Bible》
New King James Version (NKJV)