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1 Chronicles Chapter Fourteen


1 Chronicles 14 Outline of Contents

David Established at Jerusalem (v.1~7)

The Philistines Defeated (v.8~17)

New King James Version (NKJV)



This chapter gives an account of the message of Hiram king of Tyre to David, and of David's taking him more wives, with the names of his children by them; and of two battles he fought with the Philistines, in which he had the victory over them; the same are recorded in 2 Samuel 5:11 see the notes there; See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:11. See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:12. See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:13. See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:14. See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:15. See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:16. See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:17. See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:18. See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:19. See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:20. See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:21. See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:22. See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:23. See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:24. See Gill on 2 Samuel 5:25, and the chapter is concluded with observing, that the fame of David, on account of his victories, was spread in all countries, and they were struck with a panic from the Lord, and were in dread of him.


1 Chronicles 14:1  Now Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, with masons and carpenters, to build him a house.

   YLT  1And Huram king of Tyre sendeth messengers unto David, and cedar-wood, and artificers of walls, and artificers of wood, to build to him a house.

Verses 1-17

See Chapter Introduction


1 Chronicles 14:2  2 So David knew that the Lord had established him as king over Israel, for his kingdom was highly exalted for the sake of His people Israel.

   YLT  2And David knoweth that Jehovah hath established him for king over Israel, because of the lifting up on high of his kingdom, for the sake of His people Israel.


1 Chronicles 14:3  3 Then David took more wives in Jerusalem, and David begot more sons and daughters.

   YLT  3And David taketh again wives in Jerusalem, and David begetteth again sons and daughters;


1 Chronicles 14:4  4 And these are the names of his children whom he had in Jerusalem: Shammua,[a] Shobab, Nathan, Solomon,

   YLT  4and these [are] the names of the children whom he hath in Jerusalem: Shammua, and Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon,


1 Chronicles 14:5  5 Ibhar, Elishua,[b] Elpelet,[c]

   YLT  5and Ibhar, and Elishua, and Elpalet,


1 Chronicles 14:6  6 Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia,

   YLT  6and Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia,


1 Chronicles 14:7  7 Elishama, Beeliada,[d] and Eliphelet.

   YLT  7and Elishama, and Beeliada, and Eliphalet.


1 Chronicles 14:8  8 Now when the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over all Israel, all the Philistines went up to search for David. And David heard of it and went out against them.

   YLT  8And the Philistines hear that David hath been anointed for king over all Israel, and all the Philistines go up to seek David, and David heareth, and goeth out before them.


1 Chronicles 14:9  9 Then the Philistines went and made a raid on the Valley of Rephaim.

   YLT  9And the Philistines have come, and rush into the valley of Rephaim,


1 Chronicles 14:10  10 And David inquired of God, saying, “Shall I go up against the Philistines? Will You deliver them into my hand?” The Lord said to him, “Go up, for I will deliver them into your hand.”

   YLT  10and David asketh of God, saying, `Do I go up against the Philistines -- and hast Thou given them into my hand?' And Jehovah saith to him, `Go up, and I have given them into thy hand.'


1 Chronicles 14:11  11 So they went up to Baal Perazim, and David defeated them there. Then David said, “God has broken through my enemies by my hand like a breakthrough of water.” Therefore they called the name of that place Baal Perazim.[e]

   YLT  11And they go up into Baal-Perazim, and David smiteth them there, and David saith, `God hath broken up mine enemies by my hand, like the breaking up of waters;' therefore they have called the name of that place Baal-Perazim.


1 Chronicles 14:12  12 And when they left their gods there, David gave a commandment, and they were burned with fire.

   YLT  12And they leave there their gods, and David speaketh, and they are burnt with fire.


1 Chronicles 14:13  13 Then the Philistines once again made a raid on the valley.

   YLT  13And the Philistines add again, and rush into the valley,


1 Chronicles 14:14  14 Therefore David inquired again of God, and God said to him, “You shall not go up after them; circle around them, and come upon them in front of the mulberry trees.

   YLT  14and David asketh again of God, and God saith to him, `Do not go up after them, turn round from them, and thou hast come to them from over-against the mulberries;


1 Chronicles 14:15  15 And it shall be, when you hear a sound of marching in the tops of the mulberry trees, then you shall go out to battle, for God has gone out before you to strike the camp of the Philistines.”

   YLT  15and it cometh to pass, when thou hearest the sound of the stepping at the heads of the mulberries, then thou goest out into battle, for God hath gone out before thee to smite the camp of the Philistines.'


1 Chronicles 14:16  16 So David did as God commanded him, and they drove back the army of the Philistines from Gibeon as far as Gezer.

   YLT  16And David doth as God commanded him, and they smite the camp of the Philistines from Gibeon even unto Gazer;


1 Chronicles 14:17  17 Then the fame of David went out into all lands, and the Lord brought the fear of him upon all nations.

   YLT  17and the name of David goeth out into all the lands, and Jehovah hath put his fear on all the nations.


──John Gill’s Exposition of the Bible


New King James Version (NKJV)


  1. 1 Chronicles 14:4 Spelled Shimea in 3:5
  2. 1 Chronicles 14:5 Spelled Elishama in 3:6
  3. 1 Chronicles 14:5 Spelled Eliphelet in 3:6
  4. 1 Chronicles 14:7 Spelled Eliada in 3:8
  5. 1 Chronicles 14:11 Literally Master of Breakthroughs