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1 Chronicles Chapter Eighteen


1 Chronicles 18 Outline of Contents

David’s Further Conquests (v.1~13)

David’s Administration (v.14~17)

New King James Version (NKJV)



The eighteenth and nineteenth chapters are the same with 2 Samuel 8:1 with very little variations, which are observed in the notes on them, to which the reader is referred.


1 Chronicles 18:1  After this it came to pass that David attacked the Philistines, subdued them, and took Gath and its towns from the hand of the Philistines.

   YLT  1And it cometh to pass after this, that David smiteth the Philistines, and humbleth them, and taketh Gath and its small towns out of the hand of the Philistines;

Verses 1-17

See Chapter Introduction


1 Chronicles 18:2  2 Then he defeated Moab, and the Moabites became David’s servants, and brought tribute.

   YLT  2and he smiteth Moab, and the Moabites are servants to David, bringing a present.


1 Chronicles 18:3  3 And David defeated Hadadezer[a] king of Zobah as far as Hamath, as he went to establish his power by the River Euphrates.

   YLT  3And David smiteth Hadarezer king of Zobah, at Hamath, in his going to establish his power by the river Phrat,


1 Chronicles 18:4  4 David took from him one thousand chariots, seven thousand[b] horsemen, and twenty thousand foot soldiers. Also David hamstrung all the chariot horses, except that he spared enough of them for one hundred chariots.

   YLT  4and David captureth from him a thousand chariots, and seven thousand horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen, and David destroyeth utterly all the chariots, and leaveth of them a hundred chariots [only].


1 Chronicles 18:5  5 When the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David killed twenty-two thousand of the Syrians.

   YLT  5And Aram of Damascus cometh in to give help to Hadarezer king of Zobah, and David smiteth in Aram twenty and two thousand men,


1 Chronicles 18:6  6 Then David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus; and the Syrians became David’s servants, and brought tribute. So the Lord preserved David wherever he went.

   YLT  6and David putteth [garrisons] in Aram of Damascus, and the Aramaeans are to David for servants, bearing a present, and Jehovah giveth salvation to David whithersoever he hath gone.


1 Chronicles 18:7  7 And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to Jerusalem.

   YLT  7And David taketh the shields of gold that have been on the servants of Hadarezer, and bringeth them in to Jerusalem;


1 Chronicles 18:8  8 Also from Tibhath[c] and from Chun, cities of Hadadezer, David brought a large amount of bronze, with which Solomon made the bronze Sea, the pillars, and the articles of bronze.

   YLT  8and from Tibhath, and from Chun, cities of Hadarezer, hath David taken very much brass; with it hath Solomon made the brazen sea, and the pillars, and the vessels of brass.


1 Chronicles 18:9  9 Now when Tou[d] king of Hamath heard that David had defeated all the army of Hadadezer king of Zobah,

   YLT  9And Tou king of Hamath heareth that David hath smitten the whole force of Hadarezer king of Zobah,


1 Chronicles 18:10  10 he sent Hadoram[e] his son to King David, to greet him and bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer and defeated him (for Hadadezer had been at war with Tou); and Hadoram brought with him all kinds of articles of gold, silver, and bronze.

   YLT  10and he sendeth Hadoram his son unto king David, to ask of him of peace, and to bless him (because that he hath fought against Hadarezer, and smiteth him, for a man of wars with Tou had Hadarezer been,) and all kinds of vessels, of gold, and silver, and brass;


1 Chronicles 18:11  11 King David also dedicated these to the Lord, along with the silver and gold that he had brought from all these nations—from Edom, from Moab, from the people of Ammon, from the Philistines, and from Amalek.

   YLT  11also them hath king David sanctified to Jehovah with the silver and the gold that he hath taken from all the nations, from Edom, and from Moab, and from the sons of Ammon, and from the Philistines, and from Amalek.


1 Chronicles 18:12  12 Moreover Abishai the son of Zeruiah killed eighteen thousand Edomites[f] in the Valley of Salt.

   YLT  12And Abishai son of Zeruiah hath smitten Edom in the valley of salt -- eighteen thousand,


1 Chronicles 18:13  13 He also put garrisons in Edom, and all the Edomites became David’s servants. And the Lord preserved David wherever he went.

   YLT  13and he putteth in Edom garrisons, and all the Edomites are servants to David; and Jehovah saveth David whithersoever he hath gone.


1 Chronicles 18:14  14 So David reigned over all Israel, and administered judgment and justice to all his people.

   YLT  14And David reigneth over all Israel, and he is doing judgment and righteousness to all his people,


1 Chronicles 18:15  15 Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

   YLT  15and Joab son of Zeruiah [is] over the host, and Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud [is] remembrancer,


1 Chronicles 18:16  16 Zadok the son of Ahitub and Abimelech the son of Abiathar were the priests; Shavsha[g] was the scribe;

   YLT  16and Zadok son of Ahitub, and Abimelech son of Abiathar, [are] priests, and Shavsha [is] scribe,


1 Chronicles 18:17  17 Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David’s sons were chief ministers at the king’s side.

   YLT  17and Benaiah son of Jehoiada [is] over the Cherethite and the Pelethite, and the elder sons of David [are] at the hand of the king.


──John Gill’s Exposition of the Bible


New King James Version (NKJV)


  1. 1 Chronicles 18:3 Hebrew Hadarezer, and so throughout chapters 18 and 19
  2. 1 Chronicles 18:4 Or seven hundred (compare 2 Samuel 8:4)
  3. 1 Chronicles 18:8 Spelled Betah in 2 Samuel 8:8
  4. 1 Chronicles 18:9 Spelled Toi in 2 Samuel 8:9, 10
  5. 1 Chronicles 18:10 Spelled Joram in 2 Samuel 8:10
  6. 1 Chronicles 18:12 Or Syrians (compare 2 Samuel 8:13)
  7. 1 Chronicles 18:16 Spelled Seraiah in 2 Samuel 8:17