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1 Chronicles Chapter Nineteen


1 Chronicles 19 Outline of Contents

The Ammonites and Syrians Defeated (v.1~19)

New King James Version (NKJV)



The eighteenth and nineteenth chapters are the same with 2 Samuel 8:1 with very little variations, which are observed in the notes on them, to which the reader is referred.


1 Chronicles 19:1  It happened after this that Nahash the king of the people of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his place.

   YLT  1And it cometh to pass after this, that Nahash king of the sons of Ammon dieth, and his son reigneth in his stead,

Verses 1-19

See Chapter Introduction


1 Chronicles 19:2  2 Then David said, “I will show kindness to Hanun the son of Nahash, because his father showed kindness to me.” So David sent messengers to comfort him concerning his father. And David’s servants came to Hanun in the land of the people of Ammon to comfort him.

   YLT  2and David saith, `I do kindness with Hanun son of Nahash, for his father did with me kindness;' and David sendeth messengers to comfort him concerning his father. And the servants of David come in unto the land of the sons of Ammon, unto Hanun, to comfort him,


1 Chronicles 19:3  3 And the princes of the people of Ammon said to Hanun, “Do you think that David really honors your father because he has sent comforters to you? Did his servants not come to you to search and to overthrow and to spy out the land?”

   YLT  3and the heads of the sons of Ammon say to Hanun, `Is David honouring thy father, in thine eyes, because he hath sent to thee comforters? in order to search, and to overthrow, and to spy out, the land, have not his servants come in unto thee?'


1 Chronicles 19:4  4 Therefore Hanun took David’s servants, shaved them, and cut off their garments in the middle, at their buttocks, and sent them away.

   YLT  4And Hanun taketh the servants of David, and shaveth them, and cutteth their long robes in the midst, unto the buttocks, and sendeth them away.


1 Chronicles 19:5  5 Then some went and told David about the men; and he sent to meet them, because the men were greatly ashamed. And the king said, “Wait at Jericho until your beards have grown, and then return.”

   YLT  5And [some] go, and declare to David concerning the men, and he sendeth to meet them -- for the men have been greatly ashamed -- and the king saith, `Dwell in Jericho till that your beard is grown, then ye have returned.'


1 Chronicles 19:6  6 When the people of Ammon saw that they had made themselves repulsive to David, Hanun and the people of Ammon sent a thousand talents of silver to hire for themselves chariots and horsemen from Mesopotamia,[a] from Syrian Maacah, and from Zobah.[b]

   YLT  6And the sons of Ammon see that they have made themselves abhorred by David, and Hanun and the sons of Ammon send a thousand talents of silver, to hire to them, from Aram-Naharaim, and from Aram-Maachah, and from Zobah, chariots and horsemen;


1 Chronicles 19:7  7 So they hired for themselves thirty-two thousand chariots, with the king of Maacah and his people, who came and encamped before Medeba. Also the people of Ammon gathered together from their cities, and came to battle.

   YLT  7and they hire to them two and thirty thousand chariots, and the king of Maachah and his people, and they come in and encamp before Medeba, and the sons of Ammon have been gathered out of their cities, and come in to the battle.


1 Chronicles 19:8  8 Now when David heard of it, he sent Joab and all the army of the mighty men.

   YLT  8And David heareth, and sendeth Joab, and all the host of the mighty men,


1 Chronicles 19:9  9 Then the people of Ammon came out and put themselves in battle array before the gate of the city, and the kings who had come were by themselves in the field.

   YLT  9and the sons of Ammon come out and set battle in array at the opening of the city, and the kings who have come [are] by themselves in the field.


1 Chronicles 19:10  10 When Joab saw that the battle line was against him before and behind, he chose some of Israel’s best and put them in battle array against the Syrians.

   YLT  10And Joab seeth that the front of the battle hath been unto him, before and behind, and he chooseth out of all the choice in Israel, and setteth in array to meet Aram,


1 Chronicles 19:11  11 And the rest of the people he put under the command of Abishai his brother, and they set themselves in battle array against the people of Ammon.

   YLT  11and the remnant of the people he hath given into the hand of Abishai his brother, and they set in array to meet the sons of Ammon.


1 Chronicles 19:12  12 Then he said, “If the Syrians are too strong for me, then you shall help me; but if the people of Ammon are too strong for you, then I will help you.

   YLT  12And he saith, `If Aram be stronger than I, then thou hast been to me for salvation; and if the sons of Ammon be stronger than thou, then I have saved thee;


1 Chronicles 19:13  13 Be of good courage, and let us be strong for our people and for the cities of our God. And may the Lord do what is good in His sight.”

   YLT  13be strong, and we strengthen ourselves, for our people, and for the cities of our God, and Jehovah doth that which is good in His eyes.'


1 Chronicles 19:14  14 So Joab and the people who were with him drew near for the battle against the Syrians, and they fled before him.

   YLT  14And Joab draweth nigh, and the people who [are] with him, before Aram to battle, and they flee from his face;


1 Chronicles 19:15  15 When the people of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fleeing, they also fled before Abishai his brother, and entered the city. So Joab went to Jerusalem.

   YLT  15and the sons of Ammon have seen that Aram hath fled, and they flee -- they also -- from the face of Abishai his brother, and go in to the city. And Joab cometh in to Jerusalem.


1 Chronicles 19:16  16 Now when the Syrians saw that they had been defeated by Israel, they sent messengers and brought the Syrians who were beyond the River,[c] and Shophach[d] the commander of Hadadezer’s army went before them.

   YLT  16And Aram seeth that they have been smitten before Israel, and send messengers, and bring out Aram that [is] beyond the River, and Shophach head of the host of Hadarezer [is] before them.


1 Chronicles 19:17  17 When it was told David, he gathered all Israel, crossed over the Jordan and came upon them, and set up in battle array against them. So when David had set up in battle array against the Syrians, they fought with him.

   YLT  17And it is declared to David, and he gathereth all Israel, and passeth over the Jordan, and cometh in unto them, and setteth in array against them; yea, David setteth in array the battle to meet Aram, and they fight with him;


1 Chronicles 19:18  18 Then the Syrians fled before Israel; and David killed seven thousand[e] charioteers and forty thousand foot soldiers[f] of the Syrians, and killed Shophach the commander of the army.

   YLT  18and Aram fleeth from the face of Israel, and David slayeth of Aram seven thousand charioteers, and forty thousand footmen, and Shophach head of the host he hath put to death.


1 Chronicles 19:19  19 And when the servants of Hadadezer saw that they were defeated by Israel, they made peace with David and became his servants. So the Syrians were not willing to help the people of Ammon anymore.

   YLT  19And the servants of Hadarezer see that they have been smitten before Israel, and they make peace with David and serve him, and Aram hath not been willing to help the sons of Ammon any more.


──John Gill’s Exposition of the Bible


New King James Version (NKJV)


  1. 1 Chronicles 19:6 Hebrew Aram Naharaim
  2. 1 Chronicles 19:6 Spelled Zoba in 2 Samuel 10:6
  3. 1 Chronicles 19:16 That is, the Euphrates
  4. 1 Chronicles 19:16 Spelled Shobach in 2 Samuel 10:16
  5. 1 Chronicles 19:18 Or seven hundred (compare 2 Samuel 10:18)
  6. 1 Chronicles 19:18 Or horsemen (compare 2 Samuel 10:18)