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1 Chronicles Chapter Twenty


1 Chronicles 20 Outline of Contents

Rabbah Is Conquered (v.1~3)

Philistine Giants Destroyed (v.4~8)

New King James Version (NKJV)



Agrees with various passages in the second book of Samuel; 1 Chronicles 20:1 with 2 Samuel 11:1 and 1 Chronicles 20:2 with 2 Samuel 12:30 and the rest, to the end of it, with 2 Samuel 21:15. What differences there are, are observed in the notes on those passages, which see. Also see 1 Chronicles 21:1.


1 Chronicles 20:1  It happened in the spring of the year, at the time kings go out to battle, that Joab led out the armed forces and ravaged the country of the people of Ammon, and came and besieged Rabbah. But David stayed at Jerusalem. And Joab defeated Rabbah and overthrew it.

   YLT  1And it cometh to pass, at the time of the turn of the year -- at the time of the going out of the messengers -- that Joab leadeth out the force of the host, and destroyeth the land of the sons of Ammon, and cometh in and beseigeth Rabbah -- David is abiding in Jerusalem -- and Joab smiteth Rabbah, and breaketh it down.

Verses 1-8

See Gill on 1 Chronicles 20:1, 2 Samuel 11:1, 1 Chronicles 20:2, 2 Samuel 12:30, 2 Samuel 21:15, and 1 Chronicles 21:1.


1 Chronicles 20:2  2 Then David took their king’s crown from his head, and found it to weigh a talent of gold, and there were precious stones in it. And it was set on David’s head. Also he brought out the spoil of the city in great abundance.

   YLT  2And David taketh the crown of their king from off his head, and findeth it [in] weight a talent of gold, and in it a precious stone, and it is on the head of David: and spoil of the city he hath brought out very much,


1 Chronicles 20:3  3 And he brought out the people who were in it, and put them to work[a] with saws, with iron picks, and with axes. So David did to all the cities of the people of Ammon. Then David and all the people returned to Jerusalem.

   YLT  3and the people who [are] in it he hath brought out, and setteth to the saw, and to cutting instruments of iron, and to axes; and thus doth David to all cities of the sons of Ammon, and David turneth back, and all the people, to Jerusalem.


1 Chronicles 20:4  4 Now it happened afterward that war broke out at Gezer with the Philistines, at which time Sibbechai the Hushathite killed Sippai,[b] who was one of the sons of the giant. And they were subdued.

   YLT  4And it cometh to pass, after this, that there remaineth war in Gezer with the Philistines, then hath Sibbechai the Hushathite smitten Sippai, of the children of the giant, and they are humbled.


1 Chronicles 20:5  5 Again there was war with the Philistines, and Elhanan the son of Jair[c] killed Lahmi the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the shaft of whose spear was like a weaver’s beam.

   YLT  5And there is again war with the Philistines, and Elhanan son of Jair smiteth Lahmi, brother of Goliath the Gittite, the wood of whose spear [is] like a beam of weavers.


1 Chronicles 20:6  6 Yet again there was war at Gath, where there was a man of great stature, with twenty-four fingers and toes, six on each hand and six on each foot; and he also was born to the giant.

   YLT  6And there is again war in Gath, and there is a man of measure, and his fingers and his toes [are] six and six, twenty and four, and also, he hath been born to the giant.


1 Chronicles 20:7  7 So when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimea,[d] David’s brother, killed him.

   YLT  7And he reproacheth Israel, and smite him doth Jonathan son of Shimea, brother of David.


1 Chronicles 20:8  8 These were born to the giant in Gath, and they fell by the hand of David and by the hand of his servants.

   YLT  8These were born to the giant in Gath, and they fall by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.


──John Gill’s Exposition of the Bible


New King James Version (NKJV)


  1. 1 Chronicles 20:3 Septuagint reads cut them.
  2. 1 Chronicles 20:4 Spelled Saph in 2 Samuel 21:18
  3. 1 Chronicles 20:5 Spelled Jaare-Oregim in 2 Samuel 21:19
  4. 1 Chronicles 20:7 Spelled Shimeah in 2 Samuel 21:21 and Shammah in 1 Samuel 16:9