1 Chronicles Chapter Twenty-two
New King James Version (NKJV)
INTRODUCTION TO 1 CHRONICLES 22
In this chapter we read of the place David pitched upon by divine direction for building the temple on, 1 Chronicles 22:1, the preparation he made of artificers to build it, and of matter to build it of, as iron, brass, and wood, 1 Chronicles 22:2, the charge and instructions he gave to Solomon to set about it, 1 Chronicles 22:6 and to the princes of Israel to assist him in it, 1 Chronicles 22:7.
1 Chronicles 22:1 Then David said, “This is the house of the Lord God, and this is the altar of burnt offering for Israel.”
YLT 21:31And David saith, `This is the house of Jehovah God, and this the altar for burnt-offering for Israel.'
Then David said,.... Within himself, or to some principal persons about him:
this is the house of the Lord God; the place where the temple was to be built, hinted at in Deuteronomy 12:5 and elsewhere; the meaning is, here, or in "this" place, shall be the house of God, so NoldiusF15Ebr. Concord. Part. p. 352. No. 1257. , for as yet there were none; but it was now made known to David that here it should be built, and so the words in 2 Chronicles 3:1 should be rendered:
then Solomon began to build the house of the Lord in Jerusalem, which was shown to David his father, which he prepared in the place of David, that which he bought in the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite: and this is the altar for the burnt offering for Israel; not which he had built here; but this is the place where one should be built for the people of Israel to bring their offerings to, and to be here offered for them by the priests: this he said by a divine impulse upon his mind, or which he concluded from the acceptance of his sacrifice here, signified by fire that came down from heaven and consumed it; and this being in the threshingfloor of the Jebusites, might prefigure the church of God to be built up among the Gentiles.
1 Chronicles 22:2 2 So David commanded to gather the aliens who were in the land of Israel; and he appointed masons to cut hewn stones to build the house of God.
1And David saith to gather
the sojourners who [are] in the land of Israel, and appointeth hewers to hew
hewn-stones to build a house of God.
And David commanded to gather together the strangers that were in the land of Israel,.... The proselytes, as the Septuagint and Vulgate Latin versions; that is, proselytes of the gate, who submitted to the seven precepts of Noah, were admitted to dwell in the Cities of Israel, see Genesis 9:4 and these were ordered to be got together to be employed in building the temple, and making preparations for it; and that partly because they were better artificers than the Israelites, who were chiefly employed in husbandry and cattle, and partly that the Israelites, who were freemen, might not be put to hard service; but chiefly this was for the sake of a mystery in it, denoting that the Gentiles would be concerned in building the spiritual house and church of God, the temple was a type and figure of, see Zechariah 6:15.
and he set masons to hew wrought stones to build the house of God; to dig them out of the quarries, and fit them for the building.
1 Chronicles 22:3 3 And David prepared iron in abundance for the nails of the doors of the gates and for the joints, and bronze in abundance beyond measure,
2And iron in abundance for
nails for leaves of the gates, and for couplings, hath David prepared, and
brass in abundance -- there is no weighing.
And David prepared iron in abundance for the nails for the doors of the gates, and for the joinings,.... Great plenty of iron to make nails of for joining the boards together, of which the doors and gates were to be made, and for the fastening of the hinges of them:
and brass in abundance without weight; for making the altar of brass, and the laver of brass, and other vessels. Brass was much used by the Heathens in sacred things, as MacrobiusF16Saturnal. l. 5. c. 19. observes.
1 Chronicles 22:4 4 and cedar trees in abundance; for the Sidonians and those from Tyre brought much cedar wood to David.
3And cedar-trees even
without number, for the Zidonians and the Tyrians brought in cedar-trees in
abundance to David.
Also cedar trees in abundance,.... To be sawed into boards and planks for the cieling, wainscotting, and flooring of the temple, and other things:
for the Zidonians, and they of Tyre, brought much cedar wood to David; from Mount Lebanon, which was chiefly in their possession; and which they did either of themselves as a free gift and present to him, or at his request, for which he paid them; and this is another thing prefiguring the help of the Gentiles in building up the church of Christ in Gospel times.
1 Chronicles 22:5 5 Now David said, “Solomon my son is young and inexperienced, and the house to be built for the Lord must be exceedingly magnificent, famous and glorious throughout all countries. I will now make preparation for it.” So David made abundant preparations before his death.
4And David saith, `Solomon
my son [is] a youth and tender, and the house to be built to Jehovah [is] to be
made exceedingly great, for name and for beauty to all the lands; let me
prepare, I pray Thee, for it;' and David prepareth in abundance before his
And David said, Solomon my son is young and tender,.... Jarchi supposes he was about twelve years of age, though he observes that the same word is used of Joshua when forty two years of age; it is probable Solomon might be now about twenty:
and the house that is to be builded for the Lord must be exceeding magnificent, of fame and of glory throughout all countries: and such was the temple built by Solomon; it was renowned throughout the whole earth; never was there a temple equal to it, no, not the famous temple of Diana at Ephesus, built by the assistance of many kings, and at the expense of all Asia, and was two hundred years in building:
I will therefore now, make preparation for it; seeing his son was so young, and this building to be so magnificent, though he himself was not admitted to build it:
so David prepared abundantly before his death; of which we have an after account in this chapter, and more largely in 1 Chronicles 28:1.
1 Chronicles 22:6 6 Then he called for his son Solomon, and charged him to build a house for the Lord God of Israel.
5And he calleth for Solomon
his son, and chargeth him to build a house to Jehovah, God of Israel,
Then he called for Solomon his son,.... To be brought before him:
and charged him to build an house for the Lord God of Israel; which charge was given a little before his death, after he had made great preparations for this work, as appears from 1 Chronicles 22:5.
1 Chronicles 22:7 7 And David said to Solomon: “My son, as for me, it was in my mind to build a house to the name of the Lord my God;
6and David saith to Solomon
his son, `As for me, it hath been with my heart to build a house to the name of
Jehovah my God,
And David said to Solomon,.... When brought into his presence:
my son, as for me, it was in my mind to build an house unto the name of the Lord my God; he was disposed and inclined to it, and was once determined upon it, see 2 Samuel 7:2.
1 Chronicles 22:8 8 but the word of the Lord came to me, saying, ‘You have shed much blood and have made great wars; you shall not build a house for My name, because you have shed much blood on the earth in My sight.
7and the word of Jehovah
[is] against me, saying, Blood in abundance thou hast shed, and great wars thou
hast made: thou dost not build a house to My name, for much blood thou hast
shed to the earth before Me.
But the word of the Lord came to me,.... The word of prophecy, as the Targum, by the mouth of Nathan the prophet:
saying; as follows, which though not expressed in the book of Samuel before referred to, is here recorded by divine inspiration:
thou hast shed blood abundantly; Kimchi thinks this refers to the blood of Uriah, and those gallant men that were slain with him, and to the priests slain by the order of Saul, which David was the occasion of, or accidental cause of, 1 Samuel 22:22 and to many good men among the Gentiles; though it was the intention of the Lord to consume the wicked among them, that they might not prevail over Israel:
and hast made great wars: with the Philistines, Moabites, &c.
thou shall not build an house unto my name, because thou hast shed much blood upon the earth in my sight; an intimation this, that the church of God, of which this house was a type, was to be built by Christ, the Prince of peace, and to be supported and maintained not by force of arms, and by spilling of blood, as the religion of Mahomet, but by the preaching of the Gospel of peace.
1 Chronicles 22:9 9 Behold, a son shall be born to you, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies all around. His name shall be Solomon,[a] for I will give peace and quietness to Israel in his days.
8`Lo, a son is born to thee;
he is a man of rest, and I have given rest to him from all his enemies round
about, for Solomon is his name, and peace and quietness I give unto Israel in
Behold, a son shall be born to thee,.... For this was said to David before the birth of Solomon, see 2 Samuel 7:12.
who shall be a man of rest, and I will give him rest from all his enemies round about: and so should be at leisure for such a work, and his people enjoy great prosperity and riches, and so be capable of contributing largely and liberally to it:
for his name shall be Solomon; which signifies peace, and is one of the six persons that had their names given them before they were born, as the Jews observeF17Pirke Eliezer, c. 32. :
and I will give peace and quietness unto Israel in his days; and so a proper time to begin and carry on such a work; of the fulfilment of this prophecy, see 1 Kings 4:24.
1 Chronicles 22:10 10 He shall build a house for My name, and he shall be My son, and I will be his Father; and I will establish the throne of his kingdom over Israel forever.’
9he doth build a house to My
name, and he is to Me for a son, and I [am] to him for a father, and I have
established the throne of his kingdom over Israel unto the age.
He shall build an house for my name,.... For the worship of God, and for his honour and glory:
and I will establish the throne of his kingdom over Israel forever; that is, for a long time in his posterity; and which will have its fulfilment in Christ, his antitype, in the utmost sense of the expression, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and his throne for ever and ever, Luke 1:32.
1 Chronicles 22:11 11 Now, my son, may the Lord be with you; and may you prosper, and build the house of the Lord your God, as He has said to you.
10`Now, my son, Jehovah is
with thee, and thou hast prospered, and hast built the house of Jehovah thy
God, as He spake concerning thee.
Now, my son, the Lord be with thee, &c. Or "shall be with thee"F18יהי "erit", Pagninus, Montanus; "futurus est", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator. , as some; and if it be as a prayer, it was no doubt a prayer of faith; the Targum is,"may the Word of the Lord be thine help:"
and prosper thee; may success attend thee:
and build the house of the Lord thy God, as he hath said of thee; foretold he should, and therefore would assist him to do it, which was an encouragement to go about it.
1 Chronicles 22:12 12 Only may the Lord give you wisdom and understanding, and give you charge concerning Israel, that you may keep the law of the Lord your God.
11Only, Jehovah give to thee
wisdom and understanding, and charge thee concerning Israel, even to keep the
law of Jehovah thy God;
Only the Lord give thee wisdom and understanding,.... To manage and conduct an affair of such importance, as well as to govern the people, as follows:
and give thee charge concerning Israel; or, when he gives, commits the charge of them to thee, sets thee king over them:
that thou mayest keep the law of the Lord thy God; have wisdom and understanding to do that, and make that the rule of all thine actions, private and public, in thine own house, in the house of God, and in all things relative to that, and in the government of the nation.
1 Chronicles 22:13 13 Then you will prosper, if you take care to fulfill the statutes and judgments with which the Lord charged Moses concerning Israel. Be strong and of good courage; do not fear nor be dismayed.
12then thou dost prosper, if
thou dost observe to do the statutes and the judgments that Jehovah charged
Moses with concerning Israel; be strong and courageous; do not fear, nor be
Then shall thou prosper, if thou takest heed to fulfil the statutes,.... See 1 Kings 2:2 where the same things are said as here: which shows that this was spoken by David a little before his death.
1 Chronicles 22:14 14 Indeed I have taken much trouble to prepare for the house of the Lord one hundred thousand talents of gold and one million talents of silver, and bronze and iron beyond measure, for it is so abundant. I have prepared timber and stone also, and you may add to them.
13`And lo, in mine affliction,
I have prepared for the house of Jehovah of gold talents a hundred thousand,
and of silver a thousand thousand talents; and of brass and of iron there is no
weighing, for in abundance it hath been, and wood and stones I have prepared,
and to them thou dost add.
Now, behold, in my trouble,.... Or affliction, which had attended him, through the greater part of his reign, partly through wars abroad, and partly through rebellions and insurrections at home: or:
in my povertyF1בעניי "in paupertate mea", V. L. ; living in a frugal way, as if he had been a poor man, in order to lay up money for this purpose:
I have prepared for the house of the Lord; for the building of it, and for things to be used in it:
an hundred thousand talents of gold, and a thousand thousand talents of silver; a prodigious sum, be it reckoned as it will; the gold, according to ScheuchzerF2Physica Sacra, vol. 4. p. 631. was answerable to 1,222,000,000 ducats of gold; according to WaserusF3De Antiqu. Num. Heb. l. 2. c. 13. the talents of gold made six hundred millions of Hungarian pieces of gold, or 6000 tons of gold; our BrerewoodF4De Pond. & Pret. Vet. Num. c. 5. makes them to amount to 450,000,000 pounds; but this being a sum so excessive large as what exceeds the riches of any monarch read of in history, he thinksF5De Pond. & Pret. Vet. Num. c. 6. the word "kikkar" signifies a mass or cake of gold of an uncertain value; or that this talent was of a lesser value than the Mosaic one, as there were small talents in the times of HomerF6Vid. Suidam in voce ταλαντον. , as he observes, and some of different worth in various countries. The silver, taking gold to be in proportion to silver as ten to one, as it formerly was, is just of the same value with the gold; but Brerewood, who takes it to be as twelve to one, computes it at 375,000,000 pounds; but the proportion of gold to silver is now grown, as Bishop Cumberland observesF7Scripture Weights and Measures, ch. 4. p. 121. , to above fourteen to one. According to Scheuchzer the silver talents amounted to 4,500,000,000 imperials or rix dollars; according to WitsiusF8Miscell. Sacr. 2. Exercit. 10. sect. 17. the gold and silver both amounted to 3000 and nine hundred millions of pieces of gold; but JosephusF9Antiqu. l. 7. c. 14. sect. 2. has reduced these sums very much, making them to be 10,000 talents of gold, and 100,000 of silver. Dr. PrideauxF11Connection, part 1. p. 6. says that what is said to be given by David here, and in 1 Chronicles 29:3 and by his princes, 1 Chronicles 29:6 if valued by the Mosaic talent, exceeded the value of eight hundred million of our money, which was enough to have built the whole temple of solid silver:
and of brass and iron without weight, for it is in abundance; there was so much of both, that it was too much trouble to take the weight and value of them:
timber also and stone have I prepared; see 1 Chronicles 22:2.
and thou mayest add thereunto; which might easily be obtained, there being not a sufficiency of either of them prepared for the work.
1 Chronicles 22:15 15 Moreover there are workmen with you in abundance: woodsmen and stonecutters, and all types of skillful men for every kind of work.
14`And with thee in abundance
[are] workmen, hewers and artificers of stone and of wood, and every skilful
man for every work.
Moreover, there are workmen with thee in abundance,.... All the strangers in the land being gathered by the order of David, 1 Chronicles 22:2 who were skilled in all manner of work, as follows:
hewers and workers of stone and timber; masons and carpenters:
and all manner of cunning men for every manner of work; joiners, carvers, &c.
1 Chronicles 22:16 16 Of gold and silver and bronze and iron there is no limit. Arise and begin working, and the Lord be with you.”
15To the gold, to the silver,
and to the brass, and to the iron, there is no number; arise and do, and
Jehovah is with thee.'
Of the gold, the silver, and the brass, and the iron,.... That is, the cunning artificers were skilful to work in each of these, some in gold and silver, others in brass and iron:
there is no number; either of the workmen, or of these materials; which yet must be restrained to the brass and iron, for the gold and silver are numbered, but not the brass and iron, 1 Chronicles 22:14,
arise therefore, and be doing: not that he should set about and begin the building the temple directly; but as soon as he could after he came to the throne, and not neglect and delay it:
and the Lord be with thee; as in 1 Chronicles 22:11 and here, as there, the Targum is,"may the Word of the Lord be thy help.'
1 Chronicles 22:17 17 David also commanded all the leaders of Israel to help Solomon his son, saying,
16And David giveth charge to
all heads of Israel to give help to Solomon his son,
David also commanded all the princes of Israel,.... His courtiers and nobles that were about him:
to help Solomon his son; by their advice, and with their purses, should he need them, and by overlooking the workmen, directing and encouraging them:
saying; as follows.
1 Chronicles 22:18 18 “Is not the Lord your God with you? And has He not given you rest on every side? For He has given the inhabitants of the land into my hand, and the land is subdued before the Lord and before His people.
17`Is not Jehovah your God
with you? yea, He hath given rest to you round about, for He hath given into my
hand the inhabitants of the land, and subdued hath been the land before His
Is not the Lord your God with you?.... Blessing them with wealth and riches:
and hath he not given you rest on every side? from all enemies within and without; so that they had peace and quietness, and leisure to attend the service he recommended to them:
for he hath given the inhabitants of the land into my hand; meaning the rest of the Canaanites, who before were unsubdued, as even the Jebusites in Jerusalem:
and the land is subdued before the Lord, and before his people; and the extent of it carried to its utmost bounds, as God had promised.
1 Chronicles 22:19 19 Now set your heart and your soul to seek the Lord your God. Therefore arise and build the sanctuary of the Lord God, to bring the ark of the covenant of the Lord and the holy articles of God into the house that is to be built for the name of the Lord.”
18`Now, give your heart and
your soul to seek to Jehovah your God, and rise and build the sanctuary of
Jehovah God, to bring in the ark of the covenant of Jehovah, and the holy
vessels of God, to the house that is built to the name of Jehovah.'
Now set your heart and your soul to seek the Lord your God,.... His honour and glory, most sincerely and cordially, and to the utmost of their power:
arise ye, and build ye the sanctuary of the Lord God; assist therein, and encourage the work as much as they were able, without delay:
to bring the ark of the covenant of the Lord; which was now in a tent of David's erecting and pitching:
and the holy vessels of God: which were in the tabernacle at Gibeon: into the house that is to be built to the name of the Lord: that so they might be together, and made use of; which in times past had been separated, and much neglected.
──《John Gill’s Exposition of the Bible》
New King James Version (NKJV)