2 Chronicles Chapter Twenty-seven
New King James Version (NKJV)
INTRODUCTION TO 2 CHRONICLES 27
2 Chronicles 27:1 Jotham was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Jerushah[a] the daughter of Zadok.
YLT 1A son of twenty and five years [is] Jotham in his reigning, and sixteen years he hath reigned in Jerusalem, and the name of his mother [is] Jerushah daughter of Zadok.
Jotham was twenty five years old,.... See Gill on 2 Kings 15:33.
2 Chronicles 27:2 2 And he did what was right in the sight of the Lord, according to all that his father Uzziah had done (although he did not enter the temple of the Lord). But still the people acted corruptly.
YLT 2And he doth that which is right in the eyes of Jehovah, according to all that Uzziah his father did; only, he hath not come in unto the temple of Jehovah; and again are the people doing corruptly.
And he did that which was right,.... See Gill on 2 Kings 15:34,
howbeit, he entered not into the temple of the Lord; to burn incense, as his father did; he did according to his good ways, but not his evil ones:
and the people did yet corruptly; in sacrificing and burning incense in the high places, 2 Kings 15:35 which some think Joash himself did, and is meant in the preceding clause; but the sense given is best.
2 Chronicles 27:3 3 He built the Upper Gate of the house of the Lord, and he built extensively on the wall of Ophel.
YLT 3He hath built the upper gate of the house of Jehovah, and in the wall of Ophel he hath built abundantly;
He built the high gate in the house of the Lord,.... See the note on 2 Kings 15:35.
and on the wall of Ophel he built much; which Kimchi interprets an high place; it was the eastern part of Mount Zion. JosephusF6De Bell. Jud. l. 5. c. 4. sect. 2. calls it Ophlas, and says it joined to the eastern porch of the temple; and some have thought the porch of the temple is meant; the Targum renders it a palace; it is a tradition of the Jews that it was the holy of holiesF7Vid. Hieron Trad. Heb. in lib. Paralipom. fol. 86. A. F. G. .
2 Chronicles 27:4 4 Moreover he built cities in the mountains of Judah, and in the forests he built fortresses and towers.
YLT 4and cities he hath built in the hill-country of Judah, and in the forests he hath built palaces and towers.
Moreover, he built cities in the mountains of Judah,.... In the mountainous part of it, the hill country of Judea, Luke 1:65,
and in the forests he built castles and towers; for the safety of travellers, and of shepherds and their flocks, see 2 Chronicles 26:10.
2 Chronicles 27:5 5 He also fought with the king of the Ammonites and defeated them. And the people of Ammon gave him in that year one hundred talents of silver, ten thousand kors of wheat, and ten thousand of barley. The people of Ammon paid this to him in the second and third years also.
YLT 5And he hath fought with the king of the sons of Ammon, and prevaileth over them, and the sons of Ammon give to him in that year a hundred talents of silver, and ten thousand cors of wheat, and of barley ten thousand; this have the sons of Ammon returned to him both in the second year, and in the third.
He fought also with the king of the Ammonites, and prevailed against them,.... These were brought into subjection by David; but in later times endeavoured to cast off the yoke, and even invaded the land of Judah, as in the days of Jehoshaphat, and now in the reign of Jotham, but succeeded not, see Amos 1:13.
and the children of Ammon gave him the same year one hundred talents of silver; he obliged them to pay this tribute annually, and which they began to pay in the present year, and amounted to 35,330 pounds:
and ten thousand measures of wheat, and ten thousand of barley; the measure here is the "cor", the same with the "homer"; which, according to GodwinF8Moses & Aaron, l. 6. c. 9. , held forty five gallons, or five bushels and five gallons, so that there must be upwards of 50,000 bushels of each of these paid to Jotham; according to Bishop CumberlandF9Scripture Weights and Measures, ch. 3. p. 86. , a "cor", or "homer", held seventy five wine gallons, and upwards of five pints:
so much did the children of Ammon pay both the second year and the third; the two following years as well as the present one; why this tribute was not continued to be paid cannot be said with certainty, whether the Ammonites refused and revolted, and could not be obliged, or whether the agreement was only for three years.
2 Chronicles 27:6 6 So Jotham became mighty, because he prepared his ways before the Lord his God.
YLT 6And Jotham doth strengthen himself, for he hath prepared his ways before Jehovah his God.
So Jotham became mighty,.... Having built towers and castles, and fortified cities, and conquered his enemies:
because he prepared his ways before the Lord his God; ordered, directed, and guided them according to the word and will of God, and walked as in the sight of God, having the fear of him continually before him.
2 Chronicles 27:7 7 Now the rest of the acts of Jotham, and all his wars and his ways, indeed they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah.
YLT 7And the rest of the matters of Jotham, and all his battles, and his ways, lo, they are written on the book of the kings of Israel and Judah.
Now the rest of the acts of Jotham, and all his wars,.... Not only with the Ammonites, but with the Syrians, and ten tribes, see 2 Kings 15:37.
and his ways, lo, they are written in the books of the kings of Israel and Judah; not in the canonical books of Kings, but in the Chronicles of the kings of both nations, see 2 Kings 15:36.
2 Chronicles 27:8 8 He was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem.
YLT 8A son of twenty and five years was he in his reigning, and sixteen years he hath reigned in Jerusalem;
He was twenty five years old,.... The same is repeated here as in 2 Chronicles 27:1.
2 Chronicles 27:9 9 So Jotham rested with his fathers, and they buried him in the City of David. Then Ahaz his son reigned in his place.
YLT 9and Jotham lieth with his fathers, and they bury him in the city of David, and reign doth Ahaz his son in his stead.
──《John Gill’s Exposition of the Bible》
New King James Version (NKJV)