Nehemiah Chapter Seven
New King James Version (NKJV)
Nehemiah 7:1. Then it was, when the wall was built and I had hung the doors, when the gatekeepers, the singers, and the Levites had been appointed,
YLT And it cometh to pass, when the wall hath been built, that I set up the doors, and the gatekeepers are appointed, and the singers, and the Levites,
Now it came to pass, when the wall was built, and I had set up the doors,....
Which was not done when Sanballat sent his first letter, but now was, Nehemiah 6:1,
and the porters and the singers, and the Levites were appointed;
not to attend the doors of the gates of the wall, but to return to their service in the temple, who had been employed in one thing or another, while the wall and gates were building and repairing; see Nehemiah 3:17.
Nehemiah 7:2. that I gave the charge of Jerusalem to my brother Hanani, and Hananiah the leader of the citadel, for he was a faithful man and feared God more than many.
YLT and I charge Hanani my brother, and Hananiah head of the palace, concerning Jerusalem -- for he [is] as a man of truth, and fearing God above many --
That I gave my brother Hanani,....
Who first brought him the melancholy account of the state of Jerusalem, Nehemiah 1:2,
and Hananiah the ruler of the palace;
the king's palace, in which the viceroy of the king of Persia dwelt, and now Nehemiah; to these two men he gave
charge over Jerusalem; committed it to their care during his absence, who may be supposed now to return to Persia, as he had promised, Nehemiah 2:6,
for he was a faithful man;
this is said of Hananiah, and given as a reason why such a trust was committed to him; Hanani's character was well known, and his journey from Jerusalem to Shushan was a full proof of his hearty concern for the interest of it:
and feared God above many;
Hananiah was exemplary in his fear of God, few were equal to him, and none exceeded him; or of many days, as Jarchi; of a long time he had feared the Lord, and served him many years.
Nehemiah 7:3. And I said to them, “Do not let the gates of Jerusalem be opened until the sun is hot; and while they stand guard, let them shut and bar the doors; and appoint guards from among the inhabitants of Jerusalem, one at his watch station and another in front of his own house.”
YLT and I say to them, `Let not the gates of Jerusalem be opened till the heat of the sun, and while they are standing by let them shut the doors, and fasten, and appoint guards of the inhabitants of Jerusalem, each in his guard, and each over-against his house.'
And I said unto them, let not the gates of Jerusalem be opened until the sun be hot,....
Or until the heat of the day, or near noon; at least not till the sun had been up some time, and shone out clearly, and caused much heat; that if any enemies were near, or lying in wait, they might be discovered, and the inhabitants also up and ready to defend themselves:
and while they stand by;
according to Aben Ezra, Hanani and Hananiah were to be present at the opening and shutting of the gates, and so Grotius; but these being the chief rulers, it is not likely; but rather those whom they appointed to look after them, these were to stand by while their servants did it; they were not to leave it wholly to them, but to see it done themselves:
let them shut the doors, and bar them;
or "lay hold"F1ואחזו "et tractate", Junius & Tremellius; "contrectate eas", Piscator. on them, handle them to see whether they are shut fast or not:
and appoint watches of the inhabitants of Jerusalem, everyone in his watch, and everyone to be over against his house;
no foreigners were to be of the watch, only inhabitants, and those everyone in their turn, and to be placed over against where they dwelt; and so it might be thought would be the more careful and diligent in their watch.
Nehemiah 7:4. Now the city was large and spacious, but the people in it were few, and the houses were not rebuilt.
YLT And the city [is] broad on both sides, and great, and the people [are] few in its midst, and there are no houses builded;
Now the city was large and great,....
The circumference of it, all within the wall; for that was built on its old foundation, and enclosed as much ground as ever it did: HecataeusF2Apud Euseb. Praepar. par. Evangel. l. 9. c. 4. p. 408. & apud Joseph. contr. Apion, l. 1. c. 22. , an Heathen writer, says the circumference of Jerusalem was fifty furlongs, which was more than six miles; but JosephusF3De Bell. Jud. l. 5. c. 4. sect. 3. makes the circuit of it but thirty three furlongs or about six miles:
but the people were few therein;
in comparison of the largeness of the place; for though there were 42,360 that came up at first with Zerubbabel, and many more with Ezra, yet a great number chose to settle in the towns and cities in the country, Jerusalem being in such a desolate condition:
and the houses were not builded;
some were, but they were but few, many of them still lay in ruins.
Nehemiah 7:5. Then my God put it into my heart to gather the nobles, the rulers, and the people, that they might be registered by genealogy. And I found a register of the genealogy of those who had come up in the first return, and found written in it:
YLT and my God putteth it unto my heart, and I gather the freeman, and the prefects, and the people, for the genealogy, and I find a book of the genealogy of those coming up at the beginning, and I find written in it: --
And my God put into mine heart,....
Every good motion in him, and whatever he thought of that was conducive to the good and welfare of Jerusalem, Nehemiah always ascribed it to God; see 2 Corinthians 3:5
to gather together the nobles, and the rulers, and the people, that they might be reckoned by genealogy;
that their number might be known, and of what families they were, and in what cities they formerly dwelt; and this was not only of use for the present purpose of Nehemiah, but was of service hereafter to show the pedigree of families, and that it might be clearly known from whence the Messiah sprung:
and I found a register of the genealogy of them which came up at the first;
from Babylon to Jerusalem, along with Zerubbabel, as appears from Nehemiah 7:7, and this was of great use to him, whereby he would know not only their names and number, but to what city they belonged, and who to the city of Jerusalem, that they might be called upon to come, and rebuild their houses, and take up their residence there:
and found written therein;
the names of the persons and families after mentioned.
Nehemiah 7:6. These[a] are the people of the province who came back from the captivity, of those who had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away, and who returned to Jerusalem and Judah, everyone to his city.
YLT These [are] sons of the province, those coming up of the captives of the removal that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon removed -- and they turn back to Jerusalem and to Judah, each to his city --
v.6~69 These are the children of the province that went up out of the captivity,....
Who were of the province of Judea, as it was now reduced, and came up out of the captivity of Babylon through the edict of Cyrus; see Ezra 2:1, where the same preface is given to the list of names as here; and from hence to the end of Nehemiah 7:69 the same account is given of persons and families as there, with some little difference of numbers and names; in some instances there are more in this list, in others fewer, which may be thus accounted for; that list was made in Babylon, when, upon the edict of Cyrus, the Jews, who intended to go up with Zerubbabel, gave in their names, and they were registered; but this was made when they came to Jerusalem; now some of those that gave in their names changed their minds, and tarried in Babylon, and some might die by the way, which makes the numbers fewer in some instances; and others who did not give in their names at first, but, being better disposed towards their own country, followed after and joined those which were returning, and increased the number of others; to which may be added what Abendana observes, that in Ezra an account is given of those that came out of the captivity by the companies, in which they came not genealogized, and had a mixture of persons of other families in them, and some that had no genealogy; but afterwards, when they were genealogized according to their families, a register of their genealogies was made, and is what Nehemiah now found, and here gives; and, as for difference of names, that may be owing to the carelessness of copiers, or to the different pronunciation of names, or some men might have two names; the matter is of no great moment.
Nehemiah 7:7. Those who came with Zerubbabel were Jeshua, Nehemiah, Azariah, Raamiah, Nahamani, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispereth,[b] Bigvai, Nehum, and Baanah. The number of the men of the people of Israel:
YLT who are coming in with Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Azariah, Raamiah, Nahamani, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispereth, Bigvai, Nehum, Baanah. Number of the men of the people of Israel:
Nehemiah 7:8. the sons of Parosh, two thousand one hundred and seventy-two;
YLT Sons of Parosh: two thousand a hundred and seventy and two.
Nehemiah 7:9. the sons of Shephatiah, three hundred and seventy-two;
YLT Sons of Shephatiah: three hundred seventy and
Nehemiah 7:10. the sons of Arah, six hundred and fifty-two;
YLT Sons of Arah: six hundred fifty and two.
Nehemiah 7:11. the sons of Pahath-Moab, of the sons of Jeshua and Joab, two thousand eight hundred and eighteen;
YLT Sons of Pahath-Moab, of the sons of Jeshua
and Joab: two thousand and eight hundred [and] eighteen.
Nehemiah 7:12. the sons of Elam, one thousand two hundred and fifty-four;
YLT Sons of Elam: a thousand two hundred fifty
Nehemiah 7:13. the sons of Zattu, eight hundred and forty-five;
YLT Sons of Zattu: eight hundred forty and five.
Nehemiah 7:14. the sons of Zaccai, seven hundred and sixty;
YLT Sons of Zaccai: seven hundred and sixty.
YLT Sons of Binnui: six hundred forty and eight.
Nehemiah 7:16. the sons of Bebai, six hundred and twenty-eight;
YLT Sons of Bebai: six hundred twenty and eight.
Nehemiah 7:17. the sons of Azgad, two thousand three hundred and twenty-two;
YLT Sons of Azgad: two thousand three hundred
twenty and two.
Nehemiah 7:18. the sons of Adonikam, six hundred and sixty-seven;
YLT Sons of Adonikam: six hundred sixty and
Nehemiah 7:19. the sons of Bigvai, two thousand and sixty-seven;
YLT Sons of Bigvai: two thousand sixty and seven.
Nehemiah 7:20. the sons of Adin, six hundred and fifty-five;
YLT Sons of Adin: six hundred fifty and five.
Nehemiah 7:21. the sons of Ater of Hezekiah, ninety-eight;
YLT Sons of Ater of Hezekiah: ninety and eight.
Nehemiah 7:22. the sons of Hashum, three hundred and twenty-eight;
YLT Sons of Hashum: three hundred twenty and
Nehemiah 7:23. the sons of Bezai, three hundred and twenty-four;
YLT Sons of Bezai: three hundred twenty and four.
YLT Sons of Hariph: a hundred [and] twelve.
YLT Sons of Gibeon: ninety and five.
Nehemiah 7:26. the men of Bethlehem and Netophah, one hundred and eighty-eight;
YLT Men of Beth-Lehem and Netophah: a hundred
eighty and eight.
Nehemiah 7:27. the men of Anathoth, one hundred and twenty-eight;
YLT Men of Anathoth: a hundred twenty and eight.
YLT Men of Beth-Azmaveth: forty and two.
Nehemiah 7:29. the men of Kirjath Jearim, Chephirah, and Beeroth, seven hundred and forty-three;
YLT Men of Kirjath-Jearim, Chephirah, and
Beeroth: seven hundred forty and three.
Nehemiah 7:30. the men of Ramah and Geba, six hundred and twenty-one;
YLT Men of Ramah and Gaba: six hundred twenty and
Nehemiah 7:31. the men of Michmas, one hundred and twenty-two;
YLT Men of Michmas: a hundred and twenty and two.
Nehemiah 7:32. the men of Bethel and Ai, one hundred and twenty-three;
YLT Men of Bethel and Ai: a hundred twenty and
Nehemiah 7:33. the men of the other Nebo, fifty-two;
YLT Men of the other Nebo: fifty and two.
Nehemiah 7:34. the sons of the other Elam, one thousand two hundred and fifty-four;
YLT Sons of the other Elam: a thousand two
hundred fifty and four.
Nehemiah 7:35. the sons of Harim, three hundred and twenty;
YLT Sons of Harim: three hundred and twenty.
Nehemiah 7:36. the sons of Jericho, three hundred and forty-five;
YLT Sons of Jericho: three hundred forty and
Nehemiah 7:37. the sons of Lod, Hadid, and Ono, seven hundred and twenty-one;
YLT Sons of Lod, Hadid, and Ono: seven hundred
and twenty and one.
Nehemiah 7:38. the sons of Senaah, three thousand nine hundred and thirty.
YLT Sons of Senaah: three thousand nine hundred
Nehemiah 7:39. The priests: the sons of Jedaiah, of the house of Jeshua, nine hundred and seventy-three;
YLT The priests: sons of Jedaiah: of the house of
Jeshua: nine hundred seventy and three;
Nehemiah 7:40. the sons of Immer, one thousand and fifty-two;
YLT sons of Immer: a thousand fifty and two;
Nehemiah 7:41. the sons of Pashhur, one thousand two hundred and forty-seven;
YLT sons of Pashur: a thousand two hundred forty
Nehemiah 7:42. the sons of Harim, one thousand and seventeen.
YLT sons of Harim: a thousand and seventeen.
YLT The Levites: sons of Jeshua, of Kadmiel: of
sons of Hodevah: seventy and four.
Nehemiah 7:44. The singers: the sons of Asaph, one hundred and forty-eight.
YLT The singers: sons of Asaph: a hundred forty
Nehemiah 7:45. The gatekeepers: the sons of Shallum, the sons of Ater, the sons of Talmon, the sons of Akkub, the sons of Hatita, the sons of Shobai, one hundred and thirty-eight.
YLT The gatekeepers: sons of Shallum, sons of
Ater, sons of Talmon, sons of Akkub, sons of Hatita, sons of Shobai: a hundred
thirty and eight.
Nehemiah 7:46. The Nethinim: the sons of Ziha, the sons of Hasupha, the sons of Tabbaoth,
YLT The Nethinim: sons of Ziha, sons of Hasupha,
sons of Tabbaoth,
YLT sons of Keros, sons of Sia, sons of Padon,
YLT sons of Lebanah, sons of Hagaba, sons of
Nehemiah 7:49. the sons of Hanan, the sons of Giddel, the sons of Gahar,
YLT sons of Hanan, sons of Giddel, sons of Gahar,
Nehemiah 7:50. the sons of Reaiah, the sons of Rezin, the sons of Nekoda,
YLT sons of Reaiah, sons of Rezin, sons of
Nehemiah 7:51. the sons of Gazzam, the sons of Uzza, the sons of Paseah,
YLT sons of Gazzam, sons of Uzza, sons of
YLT sons of Bezai, sons of Meunim, sons of
Nehemiah 7:53. the sons of Bakbuk, the sons of Hakupha, the sons of Harhur,
YLT sons of Bakbuk, sons of Hakupha, sons of
YLT sons of Bazlith, sons of Mehida, sons of
Nehemiah 7:55. the sons of Barkos, the sons of Sisera, the sons of Tamah,
YLT sons of Barkos, sons of Sisera, sons of
Nehemiah 7:56. the sons of Neziah, and the sons of Hatipha.
YLT sons of Neziah, sons of Hatipha.
YLT Sons of the servants of Solomon: sons of
Sotai, sons of Sophereth, sons of Perida,
Nehemiah 7:58. the sons of Jaala, the sons of Darkon, the sons of Giddel,
YLT sons of Jaala, sons of Darkon, sons of
YLT sons of Shephatiah, sons of Hattil, sons of
Pochereth of Zebaim, sons of Amon.
Nehemiah 7:60. All the Nethinim, and the sons of Solomon’s servants, were three hundred and ninety-two.
YLT All the Nethinim and the sons of the servants
of Solomon [are] three hundred ninety and two.
Nehemiah 7:61. And these were the ones who came up from Tel Melah, Tel Harsha, Cherub, Addon,[p] and Immer, but they could not identify their father’s house nor their lineage, whether they were of Israel:
YLT And these [are] those coming up from
Tel-Melah, Tel-Harsha, Cherub, Addon, and Immer -- and they have not been able
to declare the house of their fathers, and their seed, whether they [are] of
Nehemiah 7:62. the sons of Delaiah, the sons of Tobiah, the sons of Nekoda, six hundred and forty-two;
YLT sons of Delaiah, sons of Tobiah, sons of
Nekoda, six hundred forty and two.
YLT And of the priests: sons of Habaiah sons of
Koz, sons of Barzillai, who hath taken from the daughters of Barzillai the
Gileadite a wife, and is called by their name.
Nehemiah 7:64. These sought their listing among those who were registered by genealogy, but it was not found; therefore they were excluded from the priesthood as defiled.
YLT These have sought their register among those
reckoning themselves by genealogy, and it hath not been found, and they are
redeemed from the priesthood,
YLT and the Tirshatha saith to them that they eat
not of the most holy things till the standing up of the priest with Urim and
Nehemiah 7:66. Altogether the whole assembly was forty-two thousand three hundred and sixty,
YLT All the assembly together [is] four myriads
two thousand three hundred and sixty,
Nehemiah 7:67. besides their male and female servants, of whom there were seven thousand three hundred and thirty-seven; and they had two hundred and forty-five men and women singers.
YLT apart from their servants and their handmaids
-- these [are] seven thousand three hundred thirty and seven; and of them [are]
singers and songstresses, two hundred forty and five.
Nehemiah 7:68. Their horses were seven hundred and thirty-six, their mules two hundred and forty-five,
YLT Their horses [are] seven hundred thirty and
six; their mules, two hundred [and] forty and five;
Nehemiah 7:69. their camels four hundred and thirty-five, and donkeys six thousand seven hundred and twenty.
YLT camels, four hundred thirty and five; asses,
six thousand seven hundred and twenty.
Nehemiah 7:70. And some of the heads of the fathers’ houses gave to the work. The governor[s] gave to the treasury one thousand gold drachmas, fifty basins, and five hundred and thirty priestly garments.
YLT And from the extremity
of the heads of the fathers they have given to the work; the Tirshatha hath
given to the treasure, of gold, drams a thousand, bowls fifty, priests' coats
thirty and five hundred.
And some of the chief of the fathers gave unto the work,....
Of building the city and the temple, and for that service, Ezra 2:68,
the Tirshatha gave to the treasure a thousand drachms of gold;
each of which was one pound sterling, and so amounted to so many pounds: of these "dracmons", or "darics", a Persian coin, mention is made in Ezra 2:69, they were golden staters, or shekels and had their name as is said, not from Darius, the father of Xerxes, though it is certain, from HerodotusF4Melpomene, sive, l. 4. c. 166. , that he coined golden money; but from some other king of the same name, more ancientF5Scholiast. in Aristoph. Eccles. p. 741, 742. So Harpocration. Lexic. in voce δαρδικος, and Suidas on the same word. , which must be Darius the Mede; and if they are the same with the Adarcon in Ezra 8:27 as they seem to be, then those in 1 Chronicles 29:7 were pieces of money not so called in the times of David, but of Ezra, the writer of that book: whether this Tirshatha was Zerubbabel, or Nehemiah, is not easy to say, since this donation is not the same with that in Ezra, not made at the same time nor are the gifts the same, nor the persons that gave them. Zerubbabel was Tirshatha when the Jews came out of Babylon, and Nehemiah now:
which were vessels, in the which the blood of the sacrifices was received and out of which it was sprinkled:
five hundred and thirty priests' garments;
which were laid up in the wardrobe, and used on occasion.
Nehemiah 7:71. Some of the heads of the fathers’ houses gave to the treasury of the work twenty thousand gold drachmas, and two thousand two hundred silver minas.
YLT And of the heads of the fathers they have given to the treasure of the work, of gold, drams two myriads, and of silver, pounds two thousand and two hundred.
And some of the chief of the fathers gave to the treasure of the work,....
To be put into the treasure, out of which the expenses of the temple, and service of it were defrayed:
twenty thousand drachms of gold;
which were so many pounds of our money, and somewhat more: for, according to Bishop CumberlandF6Scripture Weights and Measures, ch. 4. p. 115. , a drachm of gold was of the value of twenty shillings and four pence: and 2200 pounds of silver; "the maneh", or pound, with the Jews, was of the value of sixty shekels, Ezekiel 45:12 and so is reckoned by our BrerewoodF7De Ponder & Pret. Vet. Num. c. 4. to be of our money seven pounds and ten shillings; he reckoning a shekel at half a crown, whereas it was little more than two shillings and four pence; and so sixty of them, or a "maneh", came to about seven pounds; wherefore this sum here was seven times so many pounds of silver.
Nehemiah 7:72. And that which the rest of the people gave was twenty thousand gold drachmas, two thousand silver minas, and sixty-seven priestly garments.
YLT And that which the rest of the people have given [is] of gold, drams two myriads, and of silver, pounds two thousand, and of priests coats, sixty and seven.
And that which the rest of the people gave was twenty thousand drachms of gold,....
Worth as many pounds of our money, and somewhat more:
and two thousand pound of silver;
of which See Gill on Nehemiah 7:71,
and threescore and seven priests' garments;
having been so long in Babylon, and no use of sacrifices, and so not of garments to minister in, no care was taken to provide any; which seems to be the reason why so many were given, when they returned to their own land, and sacrificed.
Nehemiah 7:73. So the priests, the Levites, the gatekeepers, the singers, some of the people, the Nethinim, and all Israel dwelt in their cities. When the seventh month came, the children of Israel were in their cities.
YLT And they dwell -- the priests, and the Levites, and the gatekeepers, and the singers, and [some] of the people, and the Nethinim, and all Israel -- in their cities, and the seventh month cometh, and the sons of Israel [are] in their cities.
So the priests and the Levites, and the porters, and the singers, and some of the people, and the Nethinims, and all Israel, dwelt in their cities,....
and, when the seventh month came, the children of Israel were in their cities;
the month Tisri, answering to part of September, in which month was the feast of tabernacles; at this time of the year they were in their cities when they came forth out of Babylon, and so they were now; see Ezra 3:1.
──《John Gill’s Exposition of the Bible》
New King James Version (NKJV)
i. Nehemiah 7:48 Masoretic Text reads Lebanah.
j. Nehemiah 7:48 Masoretic Text reads Hogabah.
k.Nehemiah 7:48 Or Shalmai, or Shamlai
q. Nehemiah 7:63 Or Hakkoz
r. Nehemiah 7:65 Hebrew Tirshatha
s.Nehemiah 7:70 Hebrew Tirshatha