Daniel Chapter Ten
Daniel's vision near the river Hiddekel. (1-9) He is to expect a discovery of future events. (10-21)
Commentary on Daniel 10:1-9.
(Read Daniel 10:1-9.)
This chapter relates the beginning of Daniel's last vision, which is continued to the end of the book. The time would be long before all would be accomplished; and much of it is not yet fulfilled. Christ appeared to Daniel in a glorious form, and it should engage us to think highly and honourably of him. Let us admire his condescension for us and our salvation. There remained no strength in Daniel. The greatest and best of men cannot bear the full discoveries of the Divine glory; for no man can see it, and live; but glorified saints see Christ as he is, and can bear the sight. How dreadful soever Christ may appear to those under convictions of sin, there is enough in his word to quiet their spirits.
Commentary on Daniel 10:10-21
(Read Daniel 10:10-21)
Whenever we enter into communion with God, it becomes us to have a due sense of the infinite distance between us and the holy God. How shall we, that are dust and ashes, speak to the Lord of glory? Nothing is more likely, nothing more effectual to revive the drooping spirits of the saints, than to be assured of God's love to them. From the very first day we begin to look toward God in a way of duty, he is ready to meet us in the way of mercy. Thus ready is God to hear prayer. When the angel had told the prophet of the things to come, he was to return, and oppose the decrees of the Persian kings against the Jews. The angels are employed as God's ministering servants, Hebrews 1:14. Though much was done against the Jews by the kings of Persia, God permitting it, much more mischief would have been done if God had not prevented it. He would now more fully show what were God's purposes, of which the prophecies form an outline; and we are concerned to study what is written in these Scriptures of truth, for they belong to our everlasting peace. While Satan and his angels, and evil counsellors, excite princes to mischief against the church, we may rejoice that Christ our Prince, and all his mighty angels, act against our enemies; but we ought not to expect many to favour us in this evil world. Yet the whole counsel of God shall be established; and let each one pray, Lord Jesus, be our righteousness now, and thou wilt be our everlasting confidence, through life, in death, at the day of judgment, and for evermore.
── Matthew Henry《Concise Commentary on Daniel》
 In those days I Daniel was mourning three full weeks.
Was mourning — Because he foresaw the many calamities that would befall the Jews for their sins, especially for destroying the Messiah, and rejecting his gospel.
 And in the four and twentieth day of the first month, as I was by the side of the great river, which is Hiddekel;
The first month — Nisan, which is March.
Hiddekel — Or Tigris.
 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a certain man clothed in linen, whose loins were girded with fine gold of Uphaz:
A certain man — Very probably Christ, who appeared to Daniel in royal and priestly robes, and in so great brightness and majesty.
 Then said he unto me, Fear not, Daniel: for from the first day that thou didst set thine heart to understand, and to chasten thyself before thy God, thy words were heard, and I am come for thy words.
He — Not Christ, but Gabriel.
 But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me one and twenty days: but, lo, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me; and I remained there with the kings of Persia.
Withstood me — God suffered the wicked counsels of Cambyses to take place awhile; but Daniel by his prayers, and the angel by his power, overcame him at last: and this very thing laid a foundation of the ruin of the Persian monarchies.
Michael — Michael here is commonly supposed to mean Christ.
I remained — To counter-work their designs against the people of God.
 And when he had spoken such words unto me, I set my face toward the ground, and I became dumb.
I set my face — I prostrated myself upon the earth.
And I became dumb — Thro' astonishment.
 And, behold, one like the similitude of the sons of men touched my lips: then I opened my mouth, and spake, and said unto him that stood before me, O my lord, by the vision my sorrows are turned upon me, and I have retained no strength.
One like the sons of men — This likewise seems to have been Gabriel.
I have retained no strength — Tho' he appeared to him, and spake to him as a man, yet Daniel could not bear his presence, without some dread.
 Then said he, Knowest thou wherefore I come unto thee? and now will I return to fight with the prince of Persia: and when I am gone forth, lo, the prince of Grecia shall come.
To fight — To oppose his mischievous designs.
 But I will shew thee that which is noted in the scripture of truth: and there is none that holdeth with me in these things, but Michael your prince.
Michael — Christ alone is the protector of his church, when all the princes of the earth desert or oppose it.
── John Wesley《Explanatory Notes on Daniel》
The Vision Of The Time Of The End - I (10:1-11:1)
1. As mentioned in previous lessons, the second half of Daniel contains
a. The vision of the four beasts - Dan 7:1-28
b. The vision of the ram and the goat - Dan 8:1-27
c. The vision of the seventy weeks - Dan 9:1-27
d. The vision of the time of the end - Dan 10:1-12:13
-- In which God reveals to Daniel many things about His purpose and
plan in history, regarding the nation of
and the Israel
everlasting kingdom to come
2. In the tenth chapter, therefore, we find the beginning of the final
vision recorded by Daniel...
a. A vision that pertains to what will affect Daniel's people (i.e.,
) - Dan 10:14 Israel
b. Describing what will occur "in the latter days, for the vision
refers to many days yet to come" - Dan 10:14
c. Its words were to be closed and sealed "till the time of the end"
- Dan 12:9
-- For such reasons this vision has been called "The Vision Of The
Time Of The End"
3. But what is meant by the expression "the time of the end"?
a. Is it the end of time as we think of it, when Christ returns?
b. Or does it refer to the end of God's dealings with
as His Israel
[As we seek to address this and other questions raised in this
difficult portion of Scripture, we first notice...]
I. THE APPEARANCE OF A GLORIOUS MAN
A. THE DATE AND SETTING OF THE VISION...
1. It occurred in the third year of Cyrus king of
, on the Persia
24th day of the first month (ca. 535 B.C.) - Dan 10:1,4
2. Daniel had been in mourning (fasting) for three weeks - Dan
3. He was beside the
Tigrisriver - Dan 10:4
B. THE DESCRIPTION OF THE GLORIOUS MAN...
1. Daniel saw a certain man - Dan 10:5-6
a. Clothed in linen, whose waist was girded with gold of Uphaz
b. With a body like beryl
c. His face like lightning, his eyes like torches of fire
d. His arms and feet like burnished bronze in color
e. His words like the voice of a multitude
2. Only Daniel saw the vision - Dan 10:7
a. The men with him did not
b. They fled with great terror to hide themselves
3. The impact on Daniel - Dan 10:8-9
a. Without strength, his vigor turned to frailty (he was
probably in his nineties!)
b. When he heard the sounds of the man's words, Daniel was in
a deep sleep with his face to the ground
[The similarity between this "certain man" and John's vision of the Son
of Man (cf. Re 1:12-17) have led many to wonder if this was a
Christophany (an appearance of the preincarnate Christ); but he may
have been only an angel. As we continue, we next read of...]
II. THE CONVERSATION WITH THE GLORIOUS MAN
A. THE MAN'S INITIAL WORDS TO DANIEL...
1. A hand touches Daniel, causing him to tremble - Dan 10:10
2. The man addresses Daniel - Dan 10:11
a. Calling him "man greatly beloved" - cf. Dan 9:23; 10:19
b. For Daniel to understand, and to stand up
c. For the man has been sent to Daniel
-- Daniel stands up, but trembling
3. The man comforts Daniel - Dan 10:12
a. Telling him not to fear
b. That he has come because of Daniel's humility, and desire
4. The man explains the reason for the delay - Dan 10:13
a. The prince of the
withstood him kingdomof Persia
twenty-one days (the same time during which Daniel had been
in mourning - cf. Dan 10:2-3)
1) Spiritual warfare seems to have been taking place (cf.
Re 12:7; Ep 6:12)
2) The "prince" (angel?) of the
had been kingdomof Persia
withstanding him - cf. Dan 11:1
b. But Michael came to help him who had been left alone with
the kings of
1) Michael is described as "one of the chief princes"
2) Later he is called "your prince" and "the great prince
who stands watch over the sons of your people" - Dan
3) Jude calls him "the archangel", who contended with the
devil over the body of Moses - Ju 9
-- Michael appears to have served as the guardian of the
5. But now the man has come make Daniel understand - Dan 10:14
a. What will happen to his people (
b. What will occur "in the latter days", "many days yet to
-- From what follows, the expression "latter days" appears to
refer to the time leading up to the coming of the Messiah
and into the Messianic period (Harkrider) - cf. Dan 2:28;
B. DANIEL IS STRENGTHENED...
1. Daniel is initially speechless - Dan 10:15-17
a. With his face turned to the ground
b. But one with "the likeness of the sons of men" touched his
lips (some think this may have been Gabriel, who had helped
Daniel before - Dan 8:16)
c. Daniel can now speak, but is overwhelmed with sorrow and
2. Daniel is strengthened - Dan 10:18-19
a. By the touch of the one having the likeness of a man
b. By the words bestowing love, peace and courage
c. Ready now to hear what he has to say
C. THE MAN RESUMES HIS WORDS WITH DANIEL...
1. Though he must soon return - Dan 10:20
a. To fight with the prince (angel?) of
b. To deal with the prince (angel?) of
yet to come Greece
2. Yet he will tell Daniel what is noted in the Scripture of
Truth - Dan 10:21-11:1
a. Adding that only Michael helps him against them (the
angelic princes of
Persiaand ) - cf. Dan 10:13 Greece
b. Adding that he had confirmed and strengthened him
(Michael?) in the first year of Darius the Mede
1. At this point (Dan 11:2), "The Vision Of The Time Of The End" begins
a. Describing what will happen "in the latter days"
b. Referring to what will occur "many days yet to come"
-- Which we shall examine when we resume our study in the next
2. In these introductory remarks of the vision, we find a glimpse of
the spiritual warfare that was going on "behind the scenes"...
a. With angelic forces withstanding each other - Dan 10:
b. With angelic forces helping each other - Dan 10:13b,21; 11:1
c. With Michael introduced to Daniel as:
1) "one of the chief princes" - Dan 10:13
2) "your prince" - Dan 10:21
3) "the great prince who stands watch over the sons of your
people" - Dan 12:1
While there is little we truly know about this "spiritual warfare", and
to what extent it may be going on today, perhaps our study will
encourage us to take more seriously Paul's words:
"For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against
principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the
darkness of this age, against spiritual hosts of wickedness in
the heavenly places."
"Therefore take up the whole armor of God, that you may be able
to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand."
- Ep 6:12-13
What are we doing to take up the armor of God, that we might be strong
in the Lord and in the power of His might (cf. Ep 6:10-18)?
10 Chapter 10
In the third year of Cyrus.
The Vision on the Banks of the Hiddekels
The law of gradual development seems to pervade the government of God, and may be treated alike in the material and spiritual departments of his administration. The revelation which God has given to men has grown into its completeness. The primal promise to our common parents in paradise, was the first faint ray that emanated from the common sun of righteousness; but as the morning of the race wore on, that solitary beam expanded, through the Abrahamic covenant, the Mosaic economy and the prophetic writings, unto at length, foreheralded by the Baptist as the morning star, the Divine luminary arose “with healing m his wings.” What was thus characteristic of revelation as a whole is equally apparent in the communications made to individual prophets. Daniel, in this wonderful series of predictions, goes on from the general to the particular, and brings in at every stop new details by which accuracy may be tested, and by which, if his writings stand the ordeal which they have themselves prepared, his inspiration may be abundantly established. The date of the present revelation was the third year of Cyrus, King of Persia. This, therefore, is the last communication which he gave to his people, and the last glimpse which we get of himself. He had not set out, probably on account of his extreme old age, with the exiles who returned to Jerusalem after the issuing of the edict of Cyrus. The testimony of tradition is that Daniel died at Susa . . . This description of the conflicts in the spirit-world between the rival angels foreshadows the opposition encountered by Zerubbabel, Ezra, Nehemiah, and their compatriots during the reigns of the Persian kings, Darius, Hystaspis, Xerxes, and Artaxerxes, and also that which, at a later time, the descendants of the restorers of Jerusalem met with at the hands of the Syrian representatives of the Greek Empire. The prophecy in the eleventh chapter may be divided into three parts, increasing in circumstantiality as they advance. There is first, a brief description of the Persian and the Greek Empires; then a sketch of the more important events in the struggles between the kings of Syria and Egypt; and third, a detailed and minute account of the character and actions of Antiochus Epiphanes . . . It remains that I should look for a moment at the opinion of those who believe that we have in this prediction a reference to the Antichrist of the New Testament as well as to Antiochus. For such an idea we can find no sure foundation. There is nothing in the chapter to indicate that a transition from one subject to another has been made. Some refer the prophecy to the Papacy; but it is a question not yet settled whether the papacy really is the Antichrist of the New Testament. Learn from this portion,
1. That God prepares his people for special trial by special grace. His assistance is ever beforehand with our emergency. The relation of this portion of God’s word to the circumstances of the people under Antiochus is precisely that of all his promises to our trials, temptations, and necessities. Every promise of God is a prophecy.
2. That faith in the Invisible is essential to our getting the full benefit of Scripture. Much may be gained from it in history and in morals, even if we should repudiate everything that is supernatural in its pages. To obtain the utmost benefit from its words, we must accept its revelation of that which is hidden from mortal sight. The promises of Jesus are not to us like the legacies of one long dead. They are the assurances of a living and present, though unseen friend, and when so accepted they are full of power. The Bible will be to us no better than the moral maxims of Antoninus or Epictetus, unless we receive its revelation of the unseen in connection with its forecasts of prophecy and promise. (William M. Taylor, D..D.)
I ate not pleasant bread.
About a hundred years ago, a man of God thus wrote in his diary: “I was enabled to persevere in prayer till I saw so much need of Divine help, that I knew not how to leave off, and had forgot I needed food.
D. Brainerd.” Strange intensity of desire! He who felt it must have been far above most Christians of our age. Who of us could thus record the longings of his soul? We feel that this is reality. There is no insobriety or wild excitement here. All is calm and deep. We are listening to the utterances of a soul that has got into conscious contact and vital fellowship with God; and who, in the profound enjoyment thus entered on, has lost the consciousness of this outer world in which he is still a dweller. Happy saint! Who would not tread thy footsteps, and thus get as competely within the veil as thou! All thy religion was amid realties and certainties. There was no distance, no dimness, no vagueness in thy intercourse with the Father of Spirits. How much of our religion is made up of shadows and incoherencies! how much of our intercourse with God is vague and distant; a groping after something which we seem never to reach, instead of being living, personal, conscious intercourse between our souls and God! (The Study.)
And I, Daniel, alone saw the vision.
Visions for one’s self alone
Many and many of these men whom we see plodding on in their dusty ways are travelling with visions in their souls. Nobody knew it but themselves and God. Once years ago they saw a light. They knew it, only for a moment, what companionships, what attainments, they were made for! That light has never faded. It is the soul of good things which they are doing in the world to-day. It makes them sure when other men think their faith is gone. It will be with them to the end, until they come to all it prophesies. (Phillips Brooks.)
The Divine Fellowship of Loneness
The events here recorded are among the more advanced and elevated experiences of this man of God. The Lord is showing him things which are to take place; and in order to prepare him as the exponent of the divine purposes, he is raised into a supra-mundane state of soul.
I. THE SCENE: “the vision.” We have no positive data for speaking dogmatically as to what may be the composition of the visible nature of angels. We associate them with spiritual orders of God’s creatures; but as to man, he has a dual nature; within, spirit; without, a material body. In the wise and gracious purposes of our God, He has seen fit to take man into His counsels, and to make known to him His purposes. Taking, as we must, a broad view of this interesting fact, the Almighty uses a variety of means for communicating His mind and intentions to the children of men. The colours and forms, the harmonies and utilities of nature of imaging and voicing through the senses the wisdom, power and beneficence of God. The potent impact of the Spirit’s influence upon the mind of prophet and apostle has furnished us with the inimitable truths of this great book, the Bible, which infinitely surpasses the best productions of the human intellect. In dreams, when deep sleep has fallen upon men, hath the Lord made Himself known to and encouraged His faithful servants. Visions too, have their place among the methods of revealing. Dreams and visions evidently belong to the same class of phenomena; and yet are there not shades of difference? Dreams are what come to us when we are asleep; visions come oftentimes in moments of waking. In dreams men have had the symbols of things; in visions, the things themselves. Visions evidently belong to a higher and more direct order of celestial manifestation. Visions seem to hold in mysterious suspension the ordinary processes of thought and feeling, unfolding to the mind new worlds of knowledge. We have all read those marvellous visions of Old Testament history: Isaiah standing with speechless awe before the vision of God; Ezekiel encircled in the vast and wondrous region of visionary mystery, now looking into hidden chambers of abomination, then with seer-like eye peering among apparently conflicting wheels. Daniel sees in vision things which are to be. In this supreme fact we have the significance and symbol of life. Situated as we are in the midst of vast circles and orders of beings and ideas, all true life, which is essentially progressive, is made up of “visions”; and by these we attain the true “ascent of man,” passing up from shadows into light, and from the unknown to the known. A life of progress is one of constant waking. So far as the things of to-morrow and the knowledge of the future are concerned, we are now asleep. The hopes of future good which we now cherish are foreshadowing dreams, the dawning of these hoped for events are visions brightening things up to blessed realities. Thus we live and grow. Men are somewhat in the habit of pooh-poohing dreams, and of relegating visions to the region of superstitious fancies or even imbecile hopes. All the truth, however, is not with such men, nor all wisdom either. I say, dream on, only see to it that your dreams are pure and true, and be careful that your visions take their light from above. The purest ascent of life is often adumbrated by visions of hope and longing; and as we exercise faith and put forth effort, they crystallize into shape and become real possessions. God gives us visions of what we may be; by them we are roused to search and make inquiry, and then to believe; and so visions of a free spirit and a clean heart which the Lord gave us yesterday become our norms of character and life to-day. Note a few points in Daniel’s vision. It appears he was reduced to a very low state so far as enjoyment was concerned. Luxurious food, and exhilarating drinks were put away (verse 3). Visions do not generally come in fulness of body. It is when the physical is chastened that the spiritual ascends. It was when Peter was hungry that he had the vision which prepared the way for his visit to the Gentiles. Daniel saw a certain man (verse 5). This could be none other than the Christ, as we may gather from Revelation 1:13; Revelation 1:15, where he appears in similar form to John at Patmos. He was “clothed in fine linen,” as the high priest was on the day of Atonement, thus showing that He is the High Priest of our Profession. “Whose loins are girded with fine gold.” “Girded” ready for work. “With fine gold,” proof that everything of Christ is best, and that the best of everything is all too unworthy of Him. We have also a description of His form. “‘Body like the beryl,” a precious stone of an azure colour. “His face as the appearance of lightning,” a terror to evil-doers. “Eyes as lamps,’ seeing all things. “His arms and His feet like in colour to polished brass,” prophetic of the brightness and power of the message of His gospel. “The voice of His words like the voice of a multitude.” The words of this new life are destined to overcome and supersede all other systems.
II. THE CIRCUMSTANCES: “alone.” In this remarkable experience and wondrous manifestation Daniel was alone. No other eye could follow this brilliant unfolding of God. Looking at this fact superficially there may occur a feeling of sadness; but looked at more deeply, it is seen to be inevitable. As every man has personality and individuality, so has he his loneness. While there are affinities or connecting links between man and man, there are dividing lines between all the individuals composing the human family. Science teaches that between every two particles of matter, even in the hardest substance there is space; in like manner between men there are bridgeless gulfs, so that the one cannot pass over to the other. While this is true of the general mass of men, it is more strikingly manifest in the higher forms and better conditions of mind and spirit. Best men and men at their best must needs be alone. He who progresses rapidly and soars loftily must be alone, inasmuch as he leaves the multitude behind. How true this is in the growth of intellect and the enlargement of heart, in the constraints of love and the sublimities of faith! He who waits on others will find progress slow work. In the larger commonwealth of intellectual and moral life God deals with the man, not with the mass. The individual stands directly related, and personally responsible, to his Maker; and in proportion to his realization of the possibilities of his own being will he be alone. The thinking man climbs heights and reaches lofty peaks at the far down foot of which lie panting the mass of puny men. The man of close communion with God and self and truth basks in a light that would dazzle to blindness men of weaker vision. Much of best life must be lived in “splendid isolation.” The world’s great reformers and deep thinkers have lived alone, because they have been far in advance of their own age. While there may be the loneness of weakness and eccentricity, still, in the main, lone souls are rendered such by their superiority and by the revelations they receive from the “Father of lights.” The Bible furnishes us with striking examples. Mark the happy oblivion and lofty loneness of Enoch who walked with God, and he was not for God took him.” Note the elevation of Joseph in those prophetic dreams which excited the jealous ire of his brethren. Alone Elijah stood on Mount Carmel, and discomfited the prophets of Baal. Alone Paul was caught up into the third heaven. Alone John witnessed the prophetic visions of Patmos. Alone, aye, alone! down in the depths of His great soul Christ sorrowed and suffered, wept and sighed, bled and died. Alone He trod the winepress of the wrath of God. Thus “alone” are wrought out and made manifest the highest intents of the holiest purposes of our supreme moral Ruler. Have we not here, by implication at least, a word of caution? We are so prone to censure if not condemn all who do not conform to our pattern of thought. Christianity, brotherliness, and forbearance will prompt a tender consideration for such persons. As Daniel was left “alone” when the “vision came,” I gather that in the ordinary routine of life he had companionship; but in the supremely extraordinary, when he stood in the midst of the splendour of vision, he was “alone.” So men in the ordinary littlenesses and the common superficialities of small living may find plenty of fellows, but when they step up into the light of God and see “Visions,” they are left “alone.” It may be that you are exercised in mind from similar considerations, and you wonder why God has made you so much unlike the rest of mankind. You wish you could be as others are. Foolish desire! As wise for the eagle to wish it were an ostrich, or the lark to covet the blinking sombreness of the owl! Take your apportionment and even your peculiarity from God, and be not discontented nor discouraged with yourself. I observe here that the souls light, purity and power, consist in communion with God. Daniel lived in intimate fellowship with the Almighty. Hence he was conditioned for receiving a vision; and while less devout and less noble souls were unfitted for a new revelation and unprepared for s new truth, and terrified at a brighter light, he had a mind and heart adapted to the improved conditions which came with the “vision,” and stood unflinchingly amid this unearthly brightness. Thank God! heaven is not far removed into the dim distances of remotest space, but is nigh, even here, to the devout and reverent believer. Oh! had we pure hearts, spiritual minds, single eyes, and right spirits, we should find ourselves in the midst of heavenly surroundings. Be it ours to seek a loftier place, a fuller life, and “a closer walk”; then shall we have “visions” and experience days of heaven upon earth. (M. Brokenshire.)
O Daniel, a man greatly beloved.
Character of Daniel
Of those whose characters are recorded for our imitation, few, if any, will be found superior to Daniel. He is almost the only eminent saint in Scripture of whom no fault is recorded. Nor was his character for goodness merely of the negative kind. We find him once and again addressed as a man peculiarly dear to God. Nothing is more indispensable to the welfare of all creatures, than the favour of their Creater. Hence it becomes a matter of infinite importance for us to know how this privilege is to be attained. The first thing in Daniel’s character which deserves our attention is his early piety. Another is the caution, zeal, and resolution he displayed, in keeping himself unspotted from the world. This, the apostle informs us, is an essential part of pure and undefied religion. A third trait is the holy indifference and contempt with which he looked down on worldly honour, wealth, and applause. It is true he obtained both riches and honours; but it is no less true that he never sought them. Observe also, his exemplary piety and devotion. He was emphatically a man of prayer. He never pleaded as an excuse for neglecting this duty, that his body was too much wearied, and his mind too much perplexed by constant care and fatigue, to perform it. In addition to his daily prayer, he frequently set apart seasons for more special attention to this duty. Another trait in the character of this eminent saint, was his strong faith, and confidence in God. None truly pray, but those whose faith is strong and lively. Profound humility, and a consequent disposition to give the glory to God, is another trait. This appears in his concessions and praises. And further, his religion was habitual, uniform, consistent and lasting. He was always the same. He inflexibly followed the path of duty. Improvement; learn
1. How religion dignifies and ennobles our nature, when it is entertained in its power and purity. Compare Daniel with the nobles, princes, and great ones of Babylon.
2. Do you possess a similar character Let me urge you to imitate the conduct of Daniel. (E. Payson, D.D.)
It did not do Daniel any harm to know that he was greatly beloved of God; or else he would not have received that information from heaven. Some people are always afraid that, if Christian people obtain full assurance, and receive a sweet sense of divine love, they will grow proud, and be carried away with conceit. Do not you have any such fear for other people, and especially do not be afraid of it for yourselves. I know of no greater blessing that can happen to any man and woman, than to be assured by the Spirit of God that they are greatly beloved of the Lord. The knowledge that we are greatly beloved of God, instead of doing us harm, will be a means of blessing in many ways. If you know of a surety, that you are a man greatly beloved of God, you will become very humble. You will say, “How could God ever love me?” A sense of God’s love will also excite in you great gratitude. “Oh!” you say, “how can I repay the Lord for such an amazing favour?” When we feel how much we owe, then we seek to know the will of God, and take a delight in doing it. This will also consecrate us. I believe that, to know certainly that you are greatly beloved of God, will make you feel that you cannot live as others do. You cannot trifle with sin. He who lives in the heart of the king must be faithful to him. A sense of divine love will also strengthen us. What is there that a man cannot do when he is in love even with one of his own race; but when he gets to be in love with God, and knows of a certainty that he is greatly beloved of God, he would cut his way through a lane of devils, he would face an army of angels, and defeat them all; for love is a conquering grace. Moreover, this assurance of God s love will make, us very courageous. If thou art a man greatly beloved, and thou knowest it, thou wilt be a brave man. This will make a man glad. If we are greatly beloved of God, how can we be miserable and discontented? Oh, no! If you are a man greatly beloved, you will trip with light feet over the hills of sorrow. Some seem to think that a state of doubt is a state of discretion. It is a state of folly. Full assurance of the faithfulness and truthfulness of God is nothing but common-sense spiritualized.
I. First, then, let us consider THE CASE OF DANIEL, who was “a man greatly beloved.” Because Daniel was greatly beloved of God, he was early tried, and enabled to stand. While he was yet a youth, be was carried into Babylon, and there he refused to eat the king’s meat, or to drink the king’s wine. “I must stand fast, even in the smallest matter, in keeping to the law of the Lord my God.” If thou art enabled to do that, thou art a man greatly beloved. Afterwards, Daniel was greatly envied, but found faultless. He was surrounded by envious enemies, who could not bear that he should be promoted over them, though he deserved all the honour he received. If, when they sift you through and through, their eager, evil eyes cannot detect a fault; and they are obliged to fall back upon abusing you for your godliness, calling it hypocrisy, or some other ugly name, you are a man greatly beloved. Further, Daniel was delivered from great peril. He was cast into the lions’ den because he was a man greatly beloved of God. If your trial should be like going into a den of lions, if you are a man greatly beloved of God, you will come out again. No lion shall destroy you; you are perfectly safe. The love of God is like a wall of fire round about you. Once more, Daniel was a man greatly beloved, and therefore he had revelations from God. Do not open your eyes width wonder, and say, “I wish that I had all the revelations that Daniel had.” Listen to what he says: “I Daniel was grieved in my spirit in the midst of my body, and the visions of my head troubled me;” and again: “As for me Daniel, my cogitations much troubled me, and my countenance changed in me; but I kept the matter in my heart.” The revelations he received actually made him ill: “I Daniel fainted, and was sick certain days; afterward I rose up, and did the king’s business; and I was astonished at the vision, but none understood it.” He whom God loves will see things that will astound him; he will see that which will almost kill him; he will see that which will make him faint and sick well nigh unto death. “Let me see visions of God whatever it may cost me. Let me have communion with him even though it should break my heart, and crush me in the dust.” I will make only one more remark upon Daniel’s case, and that is this, he stood in his lot. Because he was a man greatly beloved, he had this promise with which to close his marvellous book, “Go thou thy way till the end be: for thou shalt rest, and stand in thy lot at the end of the days.” He is a man greatly beloved, but he does not understand all that God has revealed. The next time you get studying some prophecy of Scripture, which you cannot make out, do not be troubled; but hear the voice of God saying, “Go thy way. Wait awhile. It will all be plain by-and-by. God is with thee.”
II. In the second place. I am going to speak of THE CASE OF EVERY BELIEVER who is also greatly beloved of God, Every believer has been called out from others. Look at the hole of the pit whence thou wast digged. Who but God, the Giver of all grace, has made thee to differ from the ungodly around thee? Therefore, adore him for his matchless mercy, His distinguishing grace. Remember, too, that if thou hast been called out from a sinful world, and transformed into a child of God, this is the token that thou hast been chosen from the beginning. Remember, too, that in the fulness of time, thou wast redeemed with the precious blood of Christ. Thou hast been also pardoned, and put among the Lord’s children. I feel sure that your heart is speaking now, even if your tongue is silent, and it says, “Indeed, as a pardoned man, I am greatly beloved.” Since the Lord forgave your sin, you have been a praying man, and God has heard your prayers. We have the entree of the King’s palace at will. Are we not men greatly beloved? Beside that, remember that the Lord has upheld you until now. In your pilgrim path, how many times your feet have almost gone! When I think of all our experiences in the way in which the Lord hath led us, I can truly say of all his people that they are men and women greatly beloved. As surely as we are in Christ to-night, we shall be with Christ byand-by. Oh, men greatly beloved, to have such a future as this before you, ought to make your heaven begun below!
III. THE CASE OF SPECIAL SAINTS, those who are in a special sense men greatly beloved. There are some men who are, as I said at the beginning of my discourse, elect out of the elect. Remember, that Christ had seventy choice men, his disciples; but then he had twelve choicer men, his apostles; and he had three of these, who were with him when the others were not; and out of these three he had one John, “that disciple whom Jesus loved.” His love is so sweet, that, while I would be grateful to be even outside the seventy, so long as I might be among the five hundred brethren who saw him after he rose from the dead, yet I would then have the ambition to get in among the seventy; and not for the honour of it, but for the love it would bring, I would like to be one of the eleven; and for the same reason I would fain to be one of the three, and I would, above measure, be thankful if I might be that one whom Jesus loved. Have you not the same holy inspiration? Well, now, let me tell you that, if you would be among the choicer spirits, greatly beloved of God, you must be men of spotless character. The next point is, that men who are greatly beloved are men of decision When Daniel had the lions’ den in prospect, because of his faithfulness to God, “he went into his house; and his window being open in his chamber towards Jerusalem, he kneeled upon his knees three times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks before his God, as he did aforetime.” Next, if you would be men greatly beloved of God, beyond all the rest of his people, on whom special shinings of his face shall come, you must be much in communion with him. If a man is to be greatly beloved of God, he must live above the world, as Daniel did. Daniel became a prince, a governor, a man of substance and position; but when Belshazzar promised to clothe him with scarlet, and to put a gold chain about him neck, if he could read and interpret the writing on the wall, he said to the king, “Let thy gifts be to thyself, and give thy rewards to another.” Daniel did not want them. Once more, men who are greatly beloved by the Lord live wholly for God and for God’s people. You see nothing of selfishness about Daniel. (C. H. Spurgeon.)
We associate him in our minds with the “disciple whom Jesus loved.” Both alike are spoken of in the Church as much for wisdom as for love. In both too there was the love of man as conspicuous as the love of God. For “greatly beloved” the margin of our Bibles has “a man of desires,” that is a desire for God. It was this desire after God that made Daniel so earnest in seeing him by humiliation and fasting, and prayer. It was in thus seeking that he was answered; in this steadfast unswerving purpose he continued until he was heard. We may compare Daniel with. Joseph for purity and with Solomon for wisdom. St. Augustine observes that, though so approved of for holiness and wisdom, Daniel makes the most earnest confession of sin. He is not a prophet only, but an intercessor with God. From the desolations of Israel he looked forward and prepared for their restoration. He passes, as it were, from the prophet into the saint and martyr: and herein it is given him to resemble, not in character only, but in history also, the disciple of divine love; both were martyrs in will, but not in deed . . . What was the one great secret of Daniel? It was desire, a soul full of desire, it was to keep his desire alive, nay to increase and intensify this desire that his whole life was spent. Other things followed, as his love for man, the love and honour of all; but these were not what he sought, but the love of God. In that he found all. The flame of his soul ever burned upward, and all human events did but stir and fan that flame. Therefore it was that earthly events, however grievous, troublous and perplexing, did not shake his confidence in God, because he was a man of desires. (Isaac Williams.)
Daniel, the Model of Decision
Daniel was one of the best and wisest men of whom we read in the Bible. He began to serve God when he was quite young; and this, no doubt, was one thing that helped to make him so good a man. He was a very decided man. He always did what he knew was right, no matter what the consequence might be. We may speak of him as the model of decision. Three great benefits followed from his decision.
1. It kept him from doing wrong. Illus. from his refusal to eat the King’s meat, and to cease from praying. With us there should be decision in telling the truth; in keeping the Sabbath, about stealing, etc.
2. It helped him to be good. How Daniel influenced Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego.
3. It made him successful. He went to Babylon a poor boy, about sixteen or seventeen years old, but God blessed him for the decided way in which he always did what he believed to be right. (R. Newton, D.D.)
The Character of Daniel
His distinctive prophetic mission grew out of, or was grafted upon, his position in public life; but that again, was the result of his personal character; and so we are led most naturally to the consideration of his individual peculiarities.
1. His early piety. He could not have been more than fourteen years of age when, with his three companions, he was sent to be educated at the college of the Chaldeans. Yet even then he had learned to love Jehovah, and to make the divine law the rule of his fife. It has come to be believed in our day that early piety is a simpering, sentimental thing, betokening the existence in its subject both of physical and mental weakness. Daniel s piety did not interfere with his pre-eminence. You will make a terrible mistake if you suppose that piety unfits you for life, or imagine that its existence in youth is an abnormal thing, that indicates the presence of disease. There is nothing so healthy, or so wholesome, as to give yourselves early to the world. The ease of Daniel is not exceptional. In all such as Joseph, and Moses, and Samuel, and Daniel, and in some degree also in Timothy, there is a full rounded completeness of character, a well-balanced equilibrium of disposition, which you look for in vain in those who have been converted in late life.
2. His devoutness in prayer. This comes out first in connection with the recovery and interpretation of Nebuchadnezzar’s forgotten dream. But it was the habit of his life to wait at stated times on God. This helps to explain much of his conduct. We cease to wonder at his boldness before Nebuchadnezzar, Belshazzar, and Darius, when we learn that he maintained such constant communion with his God. Alas! the recreative influence of devotional retirement is now neither sought nor valued as it ought to be.
3. Decision of character. This habit of decision grew up in him, and was fed in him, by the communion of prayer. He learned to look at things as in the sight of God, and he carried that test with him through life. God was more to him than all else.
4. His diligence in business. His prosperity was not the result of any accident, but was the consequence of the perseverance land integrity by which he was distinguished. What is religion? Is it not the process of self-formation, according to the purest model, and from the loftiest motives? And if that be so, does not public life give the noblest opportunities for its practice? Consider what religion does for a man. It brings him under the influence of the most powerful motives. It opens his eyes to the sight of the invisible God; and so it sends him to work for him. But is there anything in that to paralyse industry or to overlay diligence ? Do not you believe that your allegiance to God will ultimately interfere with your commercial success. Even if it did, it would still be your duty to be true to him. But it does not. Let us pray for Daniel’s faith, and let us cultivate his devotional spirit. Then we shall be able to manifest his firmness in the face of temptation, and to practice his diligence in the details of common life. Let us carry his business energy into our religious duties, and his devout spirit into our business transactions. (William M. Taylor, D.D.)
Oh, Daniel understand the words that I speak unto thee, and ,stand upright;. for unto thee am I now sent.
Stand and understand
We usually regard the book of Daniel as the book for the student of prophecy only. If we are seeking counsel and consolation we turn to the Psalms or the Gospels or the Epistles, not often to Daniel’s prophecy. But while the book is prophetic, it is also practical. Interspersed with the mention of images and kingdoms are words for the guidance and uplift of men in all ages, such as those of the description in our text. Let us regard the words as a parable. “Understand--stand upright,” that is, “Look away from thyself to Me, the Almighty One. Prostration before me is unreadiness to serve Me.” The attitude commanded indicates a condition of
Daniel thought he was showing a deeper reverence in bowing himself to the earth, but while prostration may signify reverence and humility it may also indicate craven fear, and such prostration is not a fitting attitude for the servant of God. What father wishes his child to crawl at his feet ? It would be poor tribute to one’s fatherhood. In the awful presence of the Most High, man cannot be too reverent, but he can be too fearful. Dread of God hinders approach to God. He who is sincerely obedient is truly reverent. Reverence is a question of temper it is a condition of heart, rather than a posture of the body.
II. RECEPTIVITY.--This signifies that the heart and mind are alert, that the face is toward the light. In earthly courts, servants stand to receive their orders; the posture indicates watchfulness, “hearingness,” and should the privileged servants of the Almighty be less ready, less responsive? But this receptivity suggests an absence of fear and dread. Should not men dread God? Yes, and no. They who know the right and do the wrong, they do well to fear. When we remember our darkness and our guilt, we do well to be filled with fear. But can the fear be removed? As we learn of the Son Who is the Way, and rely upon His mediation and sacrifice: so are we brought to know the Father, and the soul finds its home in Him.
knew that in all the mystery about him there was a purpose, and, as the terror
caused by his strange surroundings passes, his confidence returns. Faith must
precede following. As Daniel’s faith increased, so was the purpose revealed.
Our faith prepares the way for the unfolding of the Divine will. Daniel was caused
to stand before Jehovah’s messenger, for the one exalted purpose of service. “O
Daniel,” the man of heaves seemed to say, “fear not, thy prayer has been heard;
stand and hearken, and I will cause thee to become My interpreter, My prophet.”
And service holy and exalted is the purpose of the Divine calling to-day.
Nationally, the call comes to us. To the nation the God of nations says, “Give
heed to my voice. Let my word be in the front of your national life. Remember
Me in all your laws and statutes. Honour Me, and I will honour thee.”
Personally, the call comes to us, “Understand--stand upright, for unto thee am
I now sent.” Are we obedient? The three foundation words of our text are the
foundation words of character: Reverence--for the deep things of the Kingdom of
God; Receptivity--that is, the open ear, the open heart and the alert spirit;
and Responsiveness--that is, joyful obedience to His will, and to that we are
called. (F. Burnett.)
And to chasten thyself before thy God.
I. Its action on SELF. It is concentration of soul. “Set thy heart” is setting the whole soul to the work.
1. Concentration to spiritual study. “Set thy heart to understand.” To understand what ? Thyself, thy capabilities, thy moral obligations, thy spiritual condition.
2. Concentration to correction. “To chasten thyself.” Quench corrupt lusts, conquer wrong prejudices, expel pernicious errors, etc.
3. Concentrated to devotion. “Before thy God,” doing the whole as under the eye of God. Truthful, earnest, solemn.
II. Its action on GOD. God observes all this soul work. He is interested in it and He is represented as being influenced by it. God here says to Daniel, “Thy words were heard, and I am come for thy words.” The idea is, because thou hast been disciplining thy soul, I am come to answer thy prayers. True soul discipline is essential to successful prayer. “If thou prepare thine heart and stretch out thine hands towards him; if iniquity be in thine hand, put it away, and let not wickedness dwell in thy tabernacles, for there shalt thou lift up thy face without spot; yea, thou shalt be steadfast, and shalt not fear. Because thou shalt forget thy misery and remember it as waters that pass away; and thine age shall be clearer than the noonday; thou shalt shine forth, thou shalt be as the morning.” (Homilist.)
Thy words were heard.
A Gracious Answer from Heaven
Our text is part of the angel’s address to Daniel
I. THE OCCASION WAS ONE OF DISAPPOINTMENT AND PERPLEXITY. High were the expectations raised by the decree of Cyrus. But year after year passed and no deliverance came.. Then Darnel spent three weeks in retirement, self-denial, and prayer. Mysterious dispensations of providence are permitted to thwart our fair expectations. Adverse changes take place which disappoint our hopes. Wise ends are answered by these trials of our faith and patience. Whenever God tries us, and by whatsoever means, he gives an opportunity for the exercise of graces and virtues, which are thus not only proved but also improved.
II. THE COURSE DANIEL PURSUED UNDER THE TRYING CIRCUMSTANCES. Three things are specified in our text.
1. Inquiry. He did set his heart to understand, that he might find out the path of duty; what to do and what to recommend. If in similar circumstances we search, we shall probably find some errors to be corrected, some negligences and sins to be repented of, some feelings to be humbled for, or some attainments to be pursued, which might have been overlooked or forgotten had not the Almighty arrested us in our career.
2. Humiliation. He chastened himself before his God. His fasting was an outward sign of inward humiliation, and also calculated to promote it. A voluntary devotedness to extraordinary exercises of piety in his judgment was called for by the extraordinary circumstances of the times. And God was pleased to honour his servant by a gracious regard to his offerings.
3. Prayer. “Thy words are heard.” No doubt, words of prayer. In the day of trouble there is a peculiar need and call for prayer. In such reasons we feel most dependent upon God; and then there is often a more than ordinary disposition to pray.
III. THE SUCCESSFUL RESULT. This is described in our text.
1. He is bidden not to fear. No doubt his fears had been strong concerning the execution of the monarch’s decree. In this present world, so full of uncertainty, it is not to be expected that we shall be altogether without our fears as to what may befal us. The best way of soothing the mind is to do as Daniel did, refer the case to God, with humility, prayer, and holy trust.
2. Daniel was assured that his prayers were heard. And this is the privilege of all the devout. His promise to hear their prayers not only denotes attention to them, but acceptance of them.
3. Daniel received divine manifestations in answer to his prayers. He was honoured by the heavenly visitant. Reviewing the whole we find in this subject an instructive comment on the gracious assurance that they who wait upon the Lord shall renew their strength. Daniel’s strength was renewed, his courage was revived, his hopes were brightened, when he had waited upon his God. (W. Chaplin.)
Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me.
The Festival of Michael and all Angels
It has been shown that Daniel’s doctrine of the angels is to be found, much of it, in both the Old Testament and the New. The existence of the angels, their number, their nature and occupation, are all amply revealed in the Word of God. The text describes a mysterious contention; and the arrival of an invaluable ally.
I. THE CONTENTION.
1. It has been a common belief that every man has an unseen attendant, a guardian angel. This guardianship appertains to man in his natural order.
2. This lesson appears to teach that not only individuals, but nations and kingdoms, have their angelic guardians. We see, behind the curtain, how spiritual beings are interested in, and seek to direct, the movements of nations.
3. The angel of the Persians, having their good first in view, would have detained the Jews in captivity, so that by their longer residence the heathen might gain some knowledge of the true God.
4. The angel of the Hebrews, on the other hand, urged their release and restoration to their own land, lest through long delay, they should be drawn aside from the worship of God to idolatry.
5. Some have gone further than this, and have thought that the angels are God’s ministers which supply the motive force to the natural world.
II. THE ALLY. “Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me.”
1. There is a limit to angelic knowledge of what is God’s will.
3. Michael appears to have been the guardian angel of the Hebrews.
1. The subject reminds us of the existence of an invisible world, which is interested in mankind.
2. There may be divergence of opinion and judgment upon matters about which the will of God has not yet been revealed, without sin or loss of charity.
3. As soon as the will of God is known, angelic contention at once ceases.
4. The thought of the presence of these spiritual beings, especially in our churches, may aid us to worship God, and quicken our perceptions of a supra-sensuous world, and of the majesty of him, whose name is “The Lord of Hosts.”--(The Thinker.)
And He strengthened me.
Our Lord’s humanity a source of comfort
We are not able, as yet, to bear the full revelation of divine things. We ought to be thankful that our God has revealed no more. It appears that, when weighed down under a sense of the divine presence, the readiest method of consolation is found in the touch of a certain sublime, mysterious, human hand. Surely this glorious being was that uncreated messenger of the covenant who, though not born into our nature in Daniel’s day, yet took upon Himself the similitude of man for a time, as He had done before when on special occasions He appeared to others of the saints before His actual incarnation. The Son of God is also the Son of Man. He is as truly man as if He were not God, and as truly God as if He had never assumed the nature of man. Show how the touch of the hand of Jesus, the man, strengthens us.
I. IT CHEERS US WHEN WE LABOUR UNDER A SENSE OF LONELINESS. Some feel alone because they are the only ones of their house who serve the Lord. Well, there is a friend that sticketh closer than a brother. The child of God as he grows in grace becomes more lonely. But there are no heights of attainment which Jesus has not surpassed. It falls to the lot of some Christians to stand alone in their contention for the faith. In all our work He is our companion.
II. IT IS SWEET TO FEEL THE TOUCH OF THE HUMANITY OF CHRIST WHEN WE ARE HUMBLED IN THE PRESENCE OF GOD. A blessed extinction of self makes room for infinite love. There is not one covenant blessing but what, if we understood it, would have a humbling effect upon us. At such times of self-annihilation it is strengthening to the mind to feel the touch of that hand, and to perceive that He who is our God is also very near to us.
III. IN SORROW, HOW BLESSED IT IS TO PEEL THE TOUCH OF THE MAN’S HAND! Pain of body is the portion of many of God’s people. They are seldom long without it. Others endure the affliction of poverty. Some true Christians are naturally of a sombre temperament. There is no abyss of grief into which Jesus has not descended.
IV. THE FACT THAT JESUS IS A MAN, SUCH AS WE ARE, SHOULD GREATLY COMFORT US IN ALL OUR STRUGGLES. It seems hard, this battle of life, this fighting against sin, this contention against inbred corruption. We are apt to think sometimes, “Can we ever win? Is not the battle too difficult?” In such moments look at yonder man who sits upon the throne of God. He is the typical man. “Consider Him who endured such contradiction of sinners against himself.”
V. WHAT A BLESSED THING IT IS TO LOOK AT THE MANHOOD OF JESUS CHRIST AT TIMES WHEN WE HAVE BEEN DECEIVED BY OUR BRETHREN. Our natural tendency to idolatry leads us to confide in man. Sometimes there have come the discovery that man is only man, and that some men are not saints, though they talk in a saintly manner. At such times it is most cheering to remember that there is one man who will never deceive us. There is one who has not uttered a promise which He will not fulfil, nor won from us a confidence which He will not justify.
VI. THE SAME IS TRUE IN SEASONS OF DOUBT. There is a class of disciples like Thomas, who think much, and are apt to doubt much. They do not love doubts, they hate them, yet their doubts often go very deep, and undermine the most precious doctrines. A sight of my Lord is the sheetanchor which has held me fast in times of scepticism and doubt. I cannot doubt when I see him.
VII. THE TOUCH OF OUR REDEEMER’S HUMAN HAND COMFORTS US IN THE HOUR OF DEATH. One man has broken from the prison of the grave, and therefore all will who are like him.
VIII. THE MANHOOD OF CHRIST OUGHT TO BE A GREAT COMFORT TO YOU WHEN YOU ARE SEEKING TO DO GOOD AMONG YOUR FELLOW-MEN. This is an awful world, this world of human beings. But Jesus took human nature on Him, and thereby did it the highest honour. He thought it worth while to suffer and die for sinners. Let us think none so bad as to be beyond hope of benefit. Jesus Christ stoops low; so let us do. (C. H. Spurgeon.)
The Vision of Daniel
This is a record of the manner in which God reveals Himself to men, and it especially tells us how God strengthens them to hear His Word and do His Will.
1. God’s strengthening comes through what is divine becoming human. It comes into human relations and human measures. Daniel is represented here as overwhelmed by what he had seen and heard. We cannot take in too much at a time even of the highest and noblest things. They require strength of mind, clearness of intellect, to grasp and to carry them. It is so with knowledge. It is true even of our affections. Just so it is with the presence of God. We cannot dwell too long among the coruscations and flashings of the divine glory. Our week faculties reel and collapse beneath the strain. Too much was unveiled to Daniel, he became strenghtless. How was he restored? How did he gather strength again? One having the form of a man comes to him and touches him. That human touch gives him strength once more. The gentle touch of love, how it darts right through to our heart’s core, and makes our blood tingle. The soothing touch of pity is more eloquent than ten thousand words. It is full of comfort, and gives patience and mighty peace. Daniel was no longer alone. He had a companion--a human companion--with him, and found heartfelt and infinite relief. Who was this human form? We do not know. We are not told that it was an angel. We are not told that it was Christ. In one sense it certainly was Christ, for all living manifestations of God are utterances or syllables, so to speak, of that eternal Word of God, of which Christ is the full and perfect embodiment. Better ask, “What does He mean?” than to press the question, “Who is He?” His appearance means this blessed, consoling, universal fact, that God is not far from men, and that He gives us power both to endure what He lays upon us, and to do His commandments, by coming to us, as Himself in a sense human, as full of human love and sympathy. There is something in God which is very near to us and very dear. He is the light by which we understand. He is the pulse that beats in the centre of our life. He is the soul of our best and purest joy. When God shows us this side of His character--what I may call the human side of it--then we grow strong, and our poverty and weakness pass at once, and pass utterly away. That is true every way. It is true in regard to our sins; and m regards to our temptations. The knowledge that Christ has overcome is there before us. That alone helps me That perfect man is here, the head and crown of humanity, and He will breathe peace and faith, hope and courage, harmony and victory, into you and into me. (J.F. Stevenson, LL.D.)
O Man greatly beloved.
Daniel is the servant of God seen in the haunts of the wicked world. No place is essentially unfit for the child of God. It is not of necessity in seclusion from the world that the saintly character is formed; holiness may exist, and the most perfect man be brought out in haunts which are peculiarly the dwellings of Satan. But there are certain safeguards and tendencies which are necessary to such a position. All the circumstances connected with Daniel’s position, character, and writings, tend to give him an important and prominent position in the history of the Church of God. He is a highly interesting type of the position which the servant of God may lawfully occupy in the midst of scenes of dazzling temptation. We must simply go out of the world, if we are to avoid its temptations and allurements. Daniel’s safeguards concerned his food. He prepared himself by thoroughly mastering the learning of the people amongst whom he sojourned. He preserved most rigidly his habits of attention to the hours of devotion ordered by the Jewish church. He entered the world with a resolute determination to speak the truth before God conscientiously. With these four weapons every one who enters or lives in the world must war against it and protect himself. (E. Munro.)
A man greatly beloved
III. THE THREEFOLD CHARGE. Fear not. Why should you fear? Your Sins are washed away. Christ’s righteousness is yours. Be strong. In thy testimony before men. In faith, giving glory to God. Believe, Faith is to be exercised in temporal matters. (J. Duncan Craig, D.D.)
The Man Greatly Beloved
The weakest babes in grace are as truly loved as those who have come to the fulness of the stature of men in Christ Jesus. There are delicious spots where the sun’s light seems to rest most constantly, yet the sun of God’s love shines on all the field which he hath chosen. The goodly land owned the superior excellency of its Carmel and Sharon; yet from Dan to Beersheba, every acre was blessed of the Lord. Every heir of heaven is purchased with the same blood, written in the same roll of life, called by the same Spirit, preserved by the same divine power, and is ripened under the same spiritual influences for the eternal glory: surely then every believer is “beloved,” and “greatly beloved” too. Great love has been shown in the salvation of each one of us, and in our preservation to this day.
I. The text glitters with A CHOICE TITLE. Daniel is said to be a “man greatly beloved,” or as some read it, “a man of desires”--a desirable man towards God, whom God desired to commune with, in whose society the Lord delighted. He was a “man greatly beloved.” Now the great love of God to Daniel is very conspicuously seen in his character. I shall not describe his character as the reason why God loved him, far from it, but I shall mention his character as being the effect of God’s great love to him. God loved him greatly, and therefore he made him this and that. The first token of the Lord’s great love to Daniel which we shall consider was this, God gave him early piety. No one can ever over-estimate the great privilege of being brought to God in childhood or youth. If it were only to be saved from the injury which a course of sin brings upon the mind, if it.were only to escape from the regrets for the past which will arise even when the conscience is in after days purged from sin, if it were only to have saved those precious hours of the early morning of life and to have used them in the Master’s cause, if it were only for those three reasons, and they are but part of a great cluster, they are something for which eternally to bless the Special love of God. “O man, greatly beloved, when thou wast a child the Lord delighted in thee.” But, secondly, the great love of God to Daniel appeared in his early and thorough nonconformity to the world. Everything was done that could be done to make the young Hebrew forget the God of his fathers. His very name was changed as well as those of the three right worthy companions of his captivity. Everywhere around them they saw idolatry, lust, and crime. There was nothing when they went abroad or when they stayed at home but what would suggest to them the abominations of the heathen. It is always safest if you are at war with a deadly enemy to have a very high wall between you and him. There will be no fault in its being too high if he aims at destroying you. Any division which we establish between us and sin, will never be too broad or too deep. Gentle manners are a fit robe for firm principles. We read, therefore, that Daniel “requested of the prince of the eunuchs, that he might not defile himself.” If you are not at the outset thorough for God, I fear you never will be. Christians ought to grow in grace, but I am sorry to say that with many of them they go from weakness to weakness, and all I fear because there is not a sound beginning. Every builder will tell you the necessity of having the foundation laid well. Daniel was a man greatly beloved, because even early he was distinguished for his nonconformity to the world. In after life we find another sweet result of God’s love, in his courageous trust in God. He was a man greatly beloved to be such a lion as he was in the midst of all his foes. Coupled with this as another evidence of God’s love to him, was his wonderful endurance of prosperity. A further instance of God’s great love to him comes out in his firmness under trial. Let me add, that here we ought not to forget that God’s grace and love shone conspicuously in making Daniel a man of such continuous devotion. Every day witnessed his constant regularity in prayer. I think that I have shown you that the outward signs of God’s love to Daniel were such as many of us have enjoyed in a measure and may enjoy still more, for there are some here who were saved in youth, some who early began to be decided for God, some who have been brave for Christ, and have not denied the faith, who have sustained prosperity, and have endured trial too, and who have by grace been taught to plead with God. Perhaps they will not recognize themselves, but we may be able to recognize them, and call them men greatly beloved. In one word, there was one crowning token of God’s love to Daniel, and that is the perfect consistency of his life all through. It is a special mark of a man greatly beloved, when he is consistent from the beginning to the end through the grace of God.
II. I must hasten in the second place, to notice that Daniel became the subject of a COMMON INFIRMITY. He was full of fear on one occasion, and therefore, an angel said to him, “Fear not.” I am glad of this, because it teaches us that even the best of men may be subject to very great fears. He was nothing in himself, and owed all his greatness to the grace of God. Those fears on the part of Daniel were not the result of personal trial just then, they came to him indeed, when he had been highly honoured by revelations from God; but his fears sprang from a sight of his Lord, and from a sense of his own unworthiness. You may be a man greatly beloved, and, therefore you may have a clearer sight of the Lord Jesus than other men have; and for that very reason you may feel a greater shame and confusion of face whenever you think of yourself. Recollect how Daniel says concerning himself, “There remained no strength in me, my comeliness was turned in me into corruption, and I retained no strength.” O if the Lord ever favours you with much love, and with nearness of access to himself, you must expect the other side of it--that is to say, you must feel your own nothingness, baseness, unworthiness--feel as if you were unfit to do anything for God’s people, unit even to bear Christ’s name, and yet all the while you may be a man greatly beloved, and may be eminently blessed. Perhaps, too, Daniel’s great fears had been awakened by the disclosures that had been made to him of the history of the nations, and especially of his own people. He had a peculiar anxiety for his own people. Did you ever get into that state, and begin to look upon the world, and upon the country, and upon the church, and then fall into a fit of trembling? I do assure you it is wonderfully easy to put on the garb of Jeremy, the weeping prophet. Yes, Daniel had seen the history of the world for a long period to come, therefore he was full of fear. And are you full of fear too? Well, it is a part of the lot of men whom God greatly loves that they should bear the troubles of the times. I think too that Daniel’s sorrow was occasioned partly by the repetition of those words to him: “The vision is true, but the time appointed is long.” It seemed to come over and over to Daniel. “The time is long.” I do not know any trouble that presses more heavily on my heart than that. It seems to be a dreadful long while since God has wrought a miracle--such a while since the church has had any great thing done in the midst of her. And if any here have been favoured to be beloved of God, I am sure this will weigh upon them, “How long, Lord, how long? Why tarriest thou?”
III. The CONSOLATIONS which the angel brought to Daniel, and which, in proportion as we are greatly beloved and the subject of like fears, he brings to us. He said to him first, “Peace be unto thee.” So he says to every one of the beloved here,--“Peace be unto thee. Why art thou fretting, worrying, tossed up and down in thy mind? Peace be unto thee.” Let peace be thine first, because thou art “greatly beloved.” Whatever is happening or not happening, thou art greatly beloved. So, be still, be calm, thou art beloved of heaven. And next, fear not, peace be unto thee, God is still ruling--he ruled the world before thou wast born, and accomplished all his will; he will rule it when thou art dead, and fulfil his own decrees. Why dost thou worry thyself? What use can thy fretting serve ? And whereas thou art disturbed about the length of time,--with what dost thou measure? With thine own age of seventy years, or with days and weeks--dost thou measure so ? Hast thou ever seen the measuring line of the Eternal, and dost thou know, that if this world were to last through millions of millions of years, yet it would be but a speck between the two eternities that should precede and follow? God’s life is not made up of tickings of the clock! He can wait, he can wait. Then he adds “be strong,” as if these fears of Daniel made him weak, and as if it was important that he should be strong. Now, if there is any importance in us at all, and there is not much, certainly anything that we can do in our present place will require of us all our strength. And since our fears decidedly weaken us for all practical purposes they should be shaken off. Hence the angel says twice, “Be strong, yea, be strong;” and, beloved, we ought to be strong in faith, for God deserves it. Fall before the Lord in earnest prayer, and ask him to take away thy fretfulness,and make thee, as thou art greatly beloved, to be strong. (C. H. Spurgeon)
The Exemplary Conduct of Daniel
I. DANIEL’S PECULIAR SITUATION.
1. Exposed to great temptations.
2. Deprived of religious privileges.
3. Exposed to great sufferings for conscience sake.
II. DANIEL’S EXALTED PIETY. Piety will ensure divine, if it does not receive human, approbation. How was Daniel’s piety seen?
1. In his conscientious regard to the exercise of devotion. The man who is much with God in secret is likely to be an eminent witness for God in public. Principles produced and strengthened at a throne of grace give stability and firmness of character, that no external opposition can destroy.
2. In his unbending firmness. Decision of character is a great Christian excellence.
3. An unblemished reputation. What lamentable blots disfigure--we might almost say--disgrace the portraits of many, whose moral features are delineated by the faithful pencil of Divine revelation. But no prominent defects in Daniel’s character require the aid of the veil of charity. See Daniel 6:4.
III. HIS DISTINGUISHED HONOUR. His piety was no barrier to his preferment.
1. He was the special object of the divine care. As to his body, and as to his soul.
2. Daniel was an eminent witness for God.
3. He was remarkably useful; and
4. He was favoured with extraordinary revelations from the great Head of the Church. (J. R. Cooper.)
In the scripture of truth.
The Teaching of Scripture
The Scriptures not only demand our submission, but invite our investigation. Whatever men in the pride of their heart may urge against them, they describe the moral condition of man, and contain truths that suit him through every stage of weakness and sorrow.
I. SOME SOLEMN FACTS NOTED IN THE SCRIPTURES OF TRUTH.
1. The moral ruin of man. The universal and dreadful character of man’s apostacy from God. The fact is everywhere assumed.
2. The Gospel remedy. Scriptures introduce Jesus Christ--born of a woman--made under the law--agonies--death--priestly character--intercession.
3. The means of application. How shall I become a partaker of this salvation? By faith. Then man is a new creature. His conceptions of God are new--his desires are new--pleasures new--pains new--principles and practices new--prospects new--he is an heir of glory.
II. PARTICULAR APPLICATION OF THE SUBJECT. To five classes of hearers.
1. The Self-ignorant. A man may have much knowledge and yet be totally ignorant of himself. There are some of this class everywhere.
2. The Presumptuous. Those whom the Scriptures call “ungodly men, who turn the grace of God into lasciviousness.” The men who dream of salvation without the “washing and regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost.”
3. The Self-righteous. The persons who intend, if it is possible, to go to heaven without the merits of the Saviour. A large class.
4. The Anxious. You need consolation, and it is provided. (Matthew 14:30-31) The all sufficiency of Christ reaches to you.
5. The Believer. The sacred Scriptures congratulate you. They describe your mercy they proclaim your obligations--they point you to your final home. (Anon.)
The Highest Literature and the Highest Ministry
I. The highest LITERATURE on earth. “The Scripture of truth.” There are many scriptures, or writings, in the world. They abound and are multiplying. There are the scriptures of fiction, sensuality, romance; but there is only one book out of the millions concerning which you can say “the Scripture of truth,” and that is the Bible. The truth is in this book, if anywhere. The truth in relation to man, Christ, God, etc., is here. The truth here is soul-converting, soul-cleansing, soul-strengthening, soul-comforting, soul-ennobling truth.
II. The highest MINISTRY on earth. What is that? Expounding this truth in its relation to men individually. “I will show thee that which is noted in the Scripture of truth,” says the heavenly messenger. On this earth no man occupies such a sublime office as he who is the enlightened, faithful, and practical expounder of God’s truth to men. “I will show thee.” The truth of the Scriptures has a relation to all classes of men--the careless, the carnal, the anxious, the self-righteous, the sceptical, the believing, etc. Heaven multiply such expositors! (Homilist.)
──《The Biblical Illustrator》