The Personality of the Holy Spirit
PERONALITY OF THE HOLY SPIRIT.
The Personal Comforter for fellowship (John 14:16).
The Personal Companion to cheer. “ He dwelleth with you” (John 14:17).
The Personal Teacher to instruct. “ He shall teach” (John 14:26).
The Personal Witness to testify. “ He shall testify of Me” (John 15:26).
The Personal Ambassador to represent (John 16:7)
The Personal One manifested. “ He is some” (John 16:8).
The Personal Reprover convicting. “ He will convict” (John 16:8,R.V.).
The Personal Title-giver. “ He, the Spirit of Truth” (John 16:13).
The Personal Guide directing. “ He will guide” (John 16:13).
The Personal Servant listening. “ He shall hear” (John 16:13.R.V.).
The Personal Hearer speaking. “ He shall hear” (John 16:13).
The Personal Speaker declaring. “That shall He speak” (John 16:13).
The Personal Revealer unfolding. “ He will show” (John 16:13).
The Personal Work accomplished. “ He shall glorify Me” (John 16:14).
The Personal Receiver making known. “ He shall receive of Mine” (John 16:14).
── F.E. Marsh《Five Hundred Bible Readings》
《The Personality Of The Holy Spirit》
1. The previous lesson introduced this series and stressed the
importance of our study
2. To what was said, I add the following statement:
"There is no subject more important in religion than that of the Holy
Spirit. Unless this be properly understood, a large portion of the
Bible, and especially the NT, must remain unintelligible. On the
other hand, a just view of it will do more than a knowledge of any
other particular topic to give harmony, clearness, and consistency to
what may be learned to all other matters presented in the Word of
God." - The Office Of The Holy Spirit, Richardson
3. Despite its importance to understanding the Scriptures as a whole,
there is much confusion and superstition in the minds of many people
about the Holy Spirit
4. It is my intention in this series of lessons to present my
understanding of what the Bible teaches about the subject
5. A good starting place is to consider who or what the Holy Spirit
a. Is the Holy Spirit a person, one that possesses "personality"?
b. Or is the Holy Spirit simply an "influence", or "impersonal force"
that emanates from God?
1) Members of the Watchtower Society (who call themselves
"Jehovah's Witnesses"), would have us believe such is the case
2) E.g., "As for the 'Holy Spirit', the so-called 'third person of
the trinity', we have already seen that it is, not a person,
but God's active force." - The Truth That Leads To Eternal Life
6. It is my contention, however, that the Bible reveals the Holy Spirit
a. A "personal" being, possessing every trait of what we call
b. Not some "impersonal force" that emanates from God
[Consider the following evidence for this view of the Holy Spirit...]
I. THE HOLY SPIRIT'S WORKS MANIFEST PERSONALITY
A. THE HOLY SPIRIT SPEAKS...
1. He "expressly says" that some will depart from the faith - 1 Ti
2. The Spirit spoke and gave directions to Philip - Ac 8:29
3. He spoke to Peter and gave him charge concerning the Gentiles
- Ac 10:19-20
4. He spoke to the brethren at
concerning Paul and Antioch
Barnabas - Ac 13:1-4
B. THE HOLY SPIRIT TEACHES...
1. He was to teach the apostles all things - Jn 14:26
2. Please note that Jesus consistently refers to the Holy Spirit
as "He", not "it" (implying a personal being, not an impersonal
force) - cf. Jn 14:16-17
C. THE HOLY SPIRIT BEARS WITNESS...
1. He was to testify of Jesus - Jn 15:26-27
2. Just as the apostles (who were "personal beings") would bear
witness, so also the Holy Spirit
D. THE HOLY SPIRIT GUIDES, HEARS, SPEAKS, TELLS...
1. He would carry on and complete the work started by Jesus - Jn
2. Notice again that Jesus consistently refers to the Holy Spirit
E. THE HOLY SPIRIT FORBIDS...
1. He prevented Paul and his companions from going into certain
Asia- Ac 16:6-7
2. This He did by "forbidding" them, and "not permitting" them,
despite their initial efforts
F. THE HOLY SPIRIT INTERCEDES...
1. The "Spirit Himself (note Paul's use of the personal pronoun)
makes intercession for us" - Ro 8:26
2. Just as Christ "also makes intercession for us" - Ro 8:34
[All these works of the Holy Spirit manifest personality. But there is
II. THE HOLY SPIRIT POSSESSES PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS
A. HE HAS A MIND...
1. "the mind of the Spirit" - Ro 8:27
2. This suggests thinking on His own
B. HE HAS KNOWLEDGE...
1. He "knows the things of God" - 1 Co 2:11
2. Just as the "spirit of man" (a personal being) knows certain
C. HE POSSESSES AFFECTION...
1. Paul speaks of "the love of the Spirit" - Ro 15:30
2. When have you known of an "impersonal force" that could love?
D. HE HAS A WILL...
1. "the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each
one individually as He wills" - 1 Co 12:11
2. It was the Holy Spirit Who decided what person received which
[Again, these are all characteristics of a being possessing intelligence
and personality. Finally, consider how...]
III. THE HOLY SPIRIT SUFFERS PERSONAL SLIGHTS AND INJURIES
A. HE CAN BE GRIEVED...
1. "do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God" - Ep 4:30
2. He can be made sorrowful through our willful neglect
B. HE CAN BE BLASPHEMED...
1. That is, to be spoken evil of
2. As in attributing His deeds to the works of Satan, the
"unforgivable sin" - Mt 12:31-32
C. HE CAN BE INSULTED...
1. One who has "trampled the Son of God underfoot" has also
"insulted the Spirit of grace" - He 10:29
2. This is done by sinning "willfully" - He 10:26
D. HE CAN BE LIED TO...
1. As Ananias and his wife Sapphira were guilty of doing
2. "...why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy
Spirit...?" - Ac 5:3
E. HE CAN BE RESISTED...
1. As Stephen charged the Jewish leaders of doing - Ac 7:51
2. This they did by resisting the message and persecuting the
messengers who were inspired by the Holy Spirit - cf. Ac 7:
1. A mere principle or influence cannot sustain these slights, only a
personal being; so it is clear...
a. The Bible presents the Holy Spirit as a personal being
b. We should regard the Holy Spirit as a "He", not an "it"!
2. But is this personal being also a supreme being?
a. Angels are personal beings, but not supreme beings
b. What does the Bible say about the Holy Spirit?
-- We will next study the deity of the Holy Spirit, and how it
relates to the concept of God
3. For now, have you considered your personal relationship to the Holy
a. How He feels for you?
b. What He has done, and is doing, for you in God's scheme of
c. How He reacts to your reception or rejection of the Word He has
4. Might you even be guilty of "resisting the Holy Spirit"...?
a. By resisting the commands of the apostles and prophets?
b. "Who have preached the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit sent from
heaven"? - 1 Pe 1:12; cf. Ac 2:36-38